An effective group carries out various tasks or function to perform its work and ensure member satisfy in all the stance and show team spirit. Different task function is very crucial in the life cycle of a group. In any organization, managers use groups decisions for several reasons out of which one is a synergy that occurs when group simulate the new solution and on other is bringing knowledge and experience to the problem-solving activities
At times group decision can be predicted when comparing the initial view of group members. The simple relationship between the group simulation and the final decision result can be predicted from the social decision scheme. It is well known social decision scheme estimates group decision as much as 80% of all the time.
One social scheme majority based on the win-win rule suggested whatever position taken by the team lead will be supported by the members. Another scheme is the truth win scheme that suggests correct decision will appear as several members start realizing their appropriateness. Amid the two-third win, the rule shows a two-third member of the group favoured the decision being made by the team lead.
At lasts, the final shift riles states members supported the decision also represented first shift in the opinion shown by the member. In this direction, there are different ways group decision will be made, however, the group decision-making process comes with lower satisfaction at many times and currently studies have been made to know what rule must be used in a particular situation(Herrera-Viedma et.al, 2017). For instance, researches revealed majority win rule is used most often in the judgement tasks whereas the truth wins rule when the tasks in intellectual ones. Therefore it can be said there are different aspects of the group decision-making process and related advantages and disadvantages covered under the article.
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Group Decision Making
Group decision making also involved several advantages and disadvantages as predicted by the assignment maker–
The Advantages Include–
More knowledge and experiences involved in group decision through a pooling of group resources(Belošević, et.al, 2018)
Increased acceptance towards decision making
Great understanding of the decisions made
Increased commitment towards the business operative function
Some Major Disadvantages Include-
Pressure within the group to confirm the decision
Dominating the decision forcefully by the leader
The amount of time required would be higher as the group decision-making process is relatively slower
Several empirical studies concluded, effective decision making process largely depends on the substantial task or type of the tasks allocated. For instance, judgement tasks would require prediction and estimation of all superiority and breadth of experiences that multiple members can bring about. There is some study that has shown group who work till long period tends to be most competent 70% of all times. This study says the experience is a viable element that has to consider when comparing the effectiveness of individual and group decision making. To know more, get plagiarism-free essay help from ArabEssay experts anytime.
Limitation Of Group Decision Making
Two potential liabilities have been discovered under the group decision making process one is groupthink and other group polarization-
Group Think- One such liability of the cohesive group is the development of groupthink. Most of the cohesive group tends to identify the solidarity as such members identify strongly within the group(Gomes, 2018). The majority, high ranking teams who decide without outside help are prone to groupthink. A group member pertaining suffering from groupthink show the following symptoms-
The illusion of invulnerability where group tends to feel they are above the criticism
The illusion of morality when group feel they are always moral during executive actions
The illusion of unanimity when silence constructed as acceptance
Stereotypic as per the evil perspective
Peer pressure experiences among group members
Self-censorship when group members don’t feel like expressing their doubts
This shows discussion among the group made risker decision and acceptance of greater risk. Individual who is initially favour the issues showing an opposite reaction. This shift of position in the view called group polarization.
Group polarization exerts greater influence over group decision making, one such explanation is evident at the time of analyzing social schemes. Prior to the group decision, a member thinks he or she holds a better view than others(Proietti, 2017).
A group polarization leads to the adoption of extreme views, which in some cases can be disastrous. To know more about group polarization and its impact on organizational development, get online assignment help from ArabEssay anytime.
Techniques To Approach The Right Group Decision-Making Process
Brainstorming- This is a weapon for a manager for generating alternatives. The ideas behind using brainstorming are giving space to many ideas spending much time in the evaluation until all the ideas suggested being gathered.
Nominal Group Techniques- This is a highly structured approach reflecting generating alternatives and choosing one known as nominal group technique.
This involves the following techniques-
Individual silently list their ideas
Ideas will be written on the chart when it is being gathered
Discussion is permitted just to clarify the ideas
A written vote is included
Devils advocacy – Here a group is given the role of critic. It would help the organization to avoid costly decisions also identifying potential pitfalls in advances
Dialectical inquiry- It is an essential debate between the two sets of recommendation. When using this technique, make sure a win-lose attitude guarded with loss of concentration far-reaching to get the most effective solution. You can also adhere significant information in regards to group decision making from ArabEssay essay helpers
For centuries group decision making came into role play bringing effective decision and enhances the company’s productivities that bring with group dynamics. Here in this article, we have enlisted the advantages and disadvantage of the group decision-making process that includes Increased acceptance towards decision making and a Great understanding of the decisions made also sometimes dominating the decision forcefully by leader incidence evidently decreasing group decision effectiveness. Using brainstorming, nominal group techniques company can reduce the impact of group think and group polarization.
Belošević, I., Kosijer, M., Ivić, M., & Pavlović, N. (2018). Group decision making process for early stage evaluations of infrastructure projects using extended VIKOR method under fuzzy environment. European Transport Research Review, 10(2), 1-14.
Gomes, P. F., Reia, S. M., Rodrigues, F. A., &Fontanari, J. F. (2019). Mobility helps problem-solving systems to avoid groupthink. Physical Review E, 99(3), 032301.
Herrera-Viedma, E., Cabrerizo, F. J., Chiclana, F., Wu, J., Cobo, M. J., & Konstantin, S. (2017). Consensus in group decision making and social networks.
Proietti, C. (2017, September). The dynamics of group polarization. In International Workshop on Logic, Rationality and Interaction (pp. 195-208). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.