How to write an M.Sc Dissertation

Dissertation WRiting

The Master thesis offers the chance of demonstrating your worthiness to set up a scientific research project in a self-responsible and self-sustaining manner.
This thesis writing process includes: • to provide an unobjectionable presentation and definition of your research topic, • to build a sound theoretical framework for orientation of the research, • to collect data in a systematic and verifiable manner, • to analyse the data critically and correctly, • to present the results in a comprehensible manner, • to cling fast to the sound conclusions based on a comprehensive discussion of the results, and • to show the potential contribution of your research to the process of theoretical reconstruction of the topic.

Ethics of preparing a scientific work –There are two main principles that need to be kept in mind when preparing the thesis: 1. The thesis must be based on honesty and truth, for example should not falsify or fabricate data. 2. Give credit where it is due for example for an idea or data, which includes not plagiarizing other people’s work. a) Every idea that is not your own must be credited. Otherwise you are taking credit for some other person’s idea. b) Every fact that you did not yourself establish must be credited. Otherwise you are ultimately claiming the knowledge that you do not have as yours. This includes field or laboratory work too which you are reporting.

Elements of the thesis– Selection of a topic: You can contact your programme coordinator(s) and discuss with him/her well-nigh the variegated options and the topics you would be interested in. You may moreover browse through by yourself the web pages, and contact directly the professor or other teaching staff for remoter information well-nigh for the possible topics and projects that are going on at the College or University. In case, the other supervisor comes will be from the other university, you should moreover discuss well-nigh the topic with him/her and should also know the guidelines of that university.

Checklist for successful completion of M.Sc thesis work: Some of the partner universities stipulate that the thesis period lasts for only a particular length of time. Failure to submit the thesis within this period can negatively impact the grade. The Actions must be as 1. Preliminary brainstorming and search for possible topics for a Master thesis.  2. Discuss well-nigh thesis topics with the supervisors as well as with the coordinators of the host university where you will do your thesis. 3. Student attains the thesis guidelines from host university. Student must fully understand these guidelines. 4. Write a study plan.5. Fill in a try-on at which the student’s transferring such thesis and the supervisor’s transferring also happens to supervise the thesis, under the well-set conditions and rules of the host university. The try-on must be signed by both parties and moreover include a study plan (1 page). Send a reprinting of the try-on to your programme coordinator.  6. Provide a PDF-file of the final version of the thesis to the university after your supervisor’s thorough check.

Your final version should tell why and how the study was made, what the results were and why they are important. Start with a well-spoken statement of the objective, the approach, and main results. End with one or two sentences that emphasize the important conclusions. Use the past tense. Preface (optional) the personal touch to the thesis. For instance: Why were you interested in the topic, whom did you cooperate with?

Introduction Demonstrates that the story stuff told is worth telling, makes the reader enthusiastic. Gives a revealing of the problem that is dealt with in the thesis and its context. This is followed by the objectives of the study. Specify the research question to be answered or the proposition to be tested. Do not repeat B.Sc study material. Expect your reader to be well informed of your learning, as to what you have learned during your pre-M.Sc training. Usually the Introduction has this kind of structure: • Context, problem revealing • What do we know? • What is it that we don’t know? What is the gap in the knowledge? • Why do we need to know? Why is it important? • Objectives/hypotheses of the study Methods. How did you do it? Give as many details as needed, but not more.

Use the past tense. Results Presents all of your findings clearly, logically and concisely. Try to write this section in such a way, that reading of Materials and Methods is not necessary to understand what has been done. Use graphs and tables (see below), but make sure the text is readable.

The most relevant results should moreover be described in the text, referring (between brackets) to the relevant Table/Figure. Use the text to guide the reader and to highlight and reinforce those data from tables and figures that will be important in the Discussion. Results obtained by you but not relevant to the story-line of your thesis, should be put in the Appendix. Do NOT interpret data or cling fast to major conclusions.

What do your results mean? Refer to Figures and Tables in the Results section whenever applicable. What did we learn from your results? How do they compare to what was previously published (references)? What are the answers to the research questions presented in the Introduction? What do we NOT know yet, and should be addressed in future research? Use literature references to support your arguments. Use the present simple (have), present perfect (has been) or past simple (had) to refer to other authors but only the past simple to refer to your work. The present perfect should not be used to refer to work that you have carried out. Use present tense when referring to generalities. Usually the Discussion has this kind of structure: • Reiteration of the main findings in view of the research questions. What are the main findings, what new information did you find? What can you conclude well-nigh touching your hypotheses/research questions? • What is the novelty of these findings, and how do they proffer the frontier of knowledge, as compared to what other people have once found. What do we understand now that we did not understand before? • Finally, you can state something on the practical implications of the findings. Conclusions (optional) reminds readers of the most salient points of your paper, contains recommendations, implications and areas for future research. This section should not replicate the Abstract!

Appendix Contains less relevant data, or objects too large for the main text. Consult your supervisor. You may put all the original data in here, preferably in Tables with self-explanatory headings. Tables and Figures– There is no unstipulated rule telling you if results should be presented in an icon or table. Figures should focus on relationships among numbers. Figures are usually easier to read, but less precise. Use figures to show qualitative features and trends. If you have too many data to compare, then a table can be increasingly appropriate.

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