Do Smartphones Increase Or Decrease Workplace Productivity?

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Telephones were initially invented to speak to a person sitting miles away. They were wired, and kept at one place. After a few years mobiles were invented which could be carried easily.

With time and the growing requirements of people mobiles underwent a lot of changes and  have become smarter. Today mobiles are used not just to get in touch and speak to people but also to send mails, transfer money, online bill payments, make reservations etc. These are merely some of the functions that can be done through mobiles. The invention of internet has made mobiles even smarter and enable them to perform any kind of electronic activities. This is precisely why mobiles are called smart phones today.

In this article we are going to discuss both the positive and negative aspects of a smart phone in the workplace.

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Smart phones were introduced in the work place due to various reasons and the most important reason was to stay in touch with the employees. The other reasons are listed below-

  • In order to increase productivity all, the big and small companies make use of technology. The companies developed different kinds of tools for internal communication. For example, micro-blogging platforms, wikis, internal social networks, and internal instant message service. These tools are private and secure which help to reach the employees of an organization without Hassel. These tools save on a lot of time and energy of the employees. Smartphones were allowed on the work-place because these tools work best on the platform of smart phones and can be utilized at its fullest because employees carry their smart phones everywhere.
  • In order to reduce costs and increase productivity companies started a policy called BYOD- Bring Your Own Device. Which allowed employees to carry their own devices to work. Smartphones is not just necessity but also a luxury that people have. Allowing people to show off their favorite smart phone to work inspired employees to work better in the work place. This program is called Individual Liable Device Program (ILD) This program has been utilized in more than 20 countries since 2009.
  • Smartphones helps to improve relationships with both peers and superiors. Because it acts as a common interest. Similarly, students can seek online essay help from smart phones and get in touch with experts any time for their assignments.
  • Smartphones helps people connect with each other all the time through internet.
  • It helps in expanding knowledge and encourages knowledge sharing in the workplace. Today even students access smart phones to get in touch with ein school.

But as we look at the positive angle of using a smart phone at a work place and talk about its advantages,there is also a negative side to it that we should not miss.

  • A new type of addiction has developed among employees due to excessive use of smart phones. This is known as mobile addition. Due to this addiction employees seem to be distracted all the time and have low productivity in the work place, simply because they can’t take their eyes off the phone.
  • Smartphones have become a part of people’s lives. Every year new smart phones are being invented with a lot of new features. At some places it has been observed that using smart phones have turned into an obsession for people. They spend a lot of money in buying accessories for their phones as well. This takes away a lot of time away from their productive hours.
  • People have become self-centered and spend most of their leisure time with their phones. Even in work place the one on one communication has considerably decreased due to the excessive usage of smart phones.
  • People are so involved in their smart phones that they have stopped socializing with people. Whether it’s a party or a work place. This irritates people on the other side who are trying to communicate.
  • Since smart phones allows people to work from anywhere. Most people land up wasting productive hours in the office and bring work home because of which they undergo unnecessary stress.
  • They fail to maintain work-life balance which hampers both their professional and personal lives.
  • People using smart phones for work often land up being over worked due to working extra hours on daily basis.
  • Similarly, they tend to bring their personal issues in their workplace which makes them less productive.
  • People using smart phones fail to follow business etiquettes as well.

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Thus, we can say that smart phones have both negative and positive impacts on the work place. In order to increase the productivity of smart phones a lot of companies have taken different measures realizing the fact that if its usage is not kept under control it can be disastrous for the growth of any organization.

Some measures taken are listed below-

  • Companies have started instructing employees to create a to-do-list where the employees are supposed to write what they need to do on daily basis to keep a check on their productivity and help them remain focused during the office hours.
  • Organizations have started carving out breaks where they are allowed to use their smart phones for a very limited period of time. This has helped the organizations to keep a check on the mobile usage of the employees.
  • Employees are advised to switch off their cell phones and close social networking sites to avoid being distracted during working hours until their break times. This practice has reduced the usage of smart phones in the work place.

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Smart phones act as a blessing for organizations if its usage can be controlled.

Techniques For Writing A Powerful Introduction

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A powerful introduction is always the key to a strong article. An introduction is mostly responsible to decide on whether the article is going to hold people’s attention or not.

So, in this article we are going to tell you about the creative writing techniques of a powerful introduction, which is going to retain the interest of the readers.

  • The First sentences or the introductory lines should be kept short. Short sentences are likely to be better comprehended, compared to long sentences. Start the article with one or two crisp short sentences that catches the reader’s eyes.
  • You should focus on grabbing the reader’s attention by writing something unusual. The first few sentences should be written in a way; it develops a sense of curiosity in the reader and leads him to read the article in detail.
  • Title should not be repeated in the introduction. Instead the introduction should lead to an interesting body which demonstrates the title of the article.
  • People don’t like wasting time in reading anything that does not retain their interest so the writer should keep the introduction brief which explains the matter of the article as a whole so that the reader knows what he is looking for in the article just by reading the introductory lines.
  • The word you should be used at least once. This personalizes the article. And the reader feels that the author is indicating them in person. So it immediately makes the reader focus at the article. Because the reader feels it is him the author is talking about.
  • Define the purpose of the article in one or two sentences so that the reader understands what the author is trying to say.
  • The message of the author on why the readers should take interest in reading the article should be loud and clear in the introduction itself.It helps to develop a sense of requirement in the reader’s mind which in turn increases the self-interest of the reader to read the article. It should be kept in mind that every reader reads an article with a motive or a purpose. Without any purpose the reader loses interest so the writer should make sure that the purpose is being heard clearly by the readers.
  • The article should refer to a relevant problem and focus on proving the reader with a solution to it. Preferably a problem that the reader can relate to or is currently dealing with. The reader should be able to communicate his awareness of the problem so that the reader does not feel he or she is the only one suffering. And then come up with a solution. Articles that refer to solutions of problems of any kinds gain high readership. Because, people are searching for solutions to their problems all the time.
  • Stories can also work in introduction to develop interest in a reader but there is a way of telling it. It can be critical if not used in the proper manner. Short stories that create spark of curiosity in the readers. Once the readers can relate to the characters they automatically develop interest in the article. Whereas on the other hand long stories can turn the readers off.
  • Inclusion of statistics in the form of facts and figures can add value to the article. In case of news articles the journalists start the article with an interesting statistic or information for that matter which is very new to the reader. This is another way of creating interest.

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Whenever any reader thinks of writing an article a considerable amount of thought should be given into the introduction, So that the article retains public interest. It should compel a reader to read past the introduction.

The writer should make sure that the introduction he is creating is fresh, engaging, and unique for any reader.

The reader is always more interested in reading about himself and looking for the solutions to the problems he is dealing with rather than something else. So, accordingly the article should indicate to a problem that the reader can relate to and offer a solution to it in order to increase readership.

The article should create a sense of requirement and urgency right from the introduction which compels the reader to read after the introduction.

Introductions are tough and the most important part in an article before conclusion. So, writers should not hesitate at all if they feel the need to rewrite an introduction.

To conclude we can say that there are ten steps to write an effective introduction. They are as follows-

  • Keep the introduction short and simple.
  • The title should not be repeated in the introduction. It creates a bad impression.
  • The introduction should be kept short and brief covering the entire matter of the article.
  • The word ‘ you’ should be used at least once so that the article has a personal touch and the readers can connect themselves to the article instantly.
  • One or two sentences should brief the reader on what the article is all about.
  • One or two sentences should explain to the reader why the article is important for him to read and create a sense of urgency in the reader’s mind.
  • The article should refer to a relevant concern that the readers are dealing with or might relate to offering them with the solution.
  • Stories if used correctly can be very interesting in an introduction depending on how it is written. Short relevant crisp stories that the readers can connect to be very good for introductions where as long irrelevant stories can make a reader loose interest.
  • Using of data and information in the introduction of an article that the readers are not aware of is also a great way of writing an article.
  • You should go through the introduction again after completing the article to see whether it is developing interest or not. If required the readers should not hesitate to change the introduction as many times they feel until they are satisfied with the results.

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Digital Marketing- Career And Scope

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Digital Media is the platform that has given a new career opportunity to hundreds of working professionals in the 21st century. Digital marketing has the key to increasing the potential of any business. Whether the business is in demand or new in the market.

It has the capacity to make a company grow and it also has the potential to make a company fall if it is used in a negative way. The big business houses are concentrating to develop brands in which digital marketing plays an essential role. In this article, we would throw some light on the scope of digital marketing and how it impacts the life of the students.

Benefits Of Having A Career In Digital Marketing

  1. Since there are various ways of communicating through digital marketing and media platforms, you can get a variety of career choices. For example, you can choose to work with social media or televisions or newspapers etc. Today every platform is interconnected to each other through the internet. No matter whichever field you are opting you can always have a career change if you find your work boring.
  2. If you are academic by nature and love to teach then digital marketing training can be a career in itself for you. A lot of institutes are developing to cater to the needs of students who want to make a career in digital marketing.
  3. If you choose to stay at home and want to support your family at the same time this is the perfect choice of career for you. Digital marketing gives you that flexibility.
  4. You can also be a professional assignment writer and create content for digital marketing sitting at home.

Some Facts and Figures of Digital Marketing

Researches show that in the year 2017 digital marketing offered approximately jobs of around 81 lakhs worldwide. As per assignment help experts, the online job portal had advertised around 31000 jobs in the first quarter of 2018 in the field of digital marketing.

  • There Is No Dearth Of Jobs– The job opportunity in this field is massive. Since the world is becoming a digital world today and people are moving more and more towards technology. Having a career in digital marketing sounds reliable.
  • Perks Are More– Since huge bucks are invested every year for digital marketing, therefore, people involved in this kind of job earn much more than other people in other fields. According to an essay writer, this is one of the high salaried jobs.
  • Certification In Digital Marketing– A lot of institutes are evolving who give certified training to students opting for digital marketing. Certification gives the employers a sense of assurance about the working capability of the person he is going to hire. This improves the chances of jobs for individuals.

Every country has a huge scope in the field of digital marketing. According to the reports from an online survey, it was found that almost 4.6 million out of the 5.83 million are actively using social media.

Based on the above statistics we can say that digital marketing has a large scope across the globe.

How much Can You Expect Out of A Career in Digital Marketing?

As discussed earlier these kinds of jobs are lucrative even for freshers. According to online job portals, the salaries of digital marketers can start from a minimum of 21000 and reach up to a hike of 69,858.

Choices Of Jobs You Can Opt For In The Field Of Digital Marketing

According to online assignment help experts, the best part in such kind of jobs is that it has a variety of options to choose from. This doesn’t let boredom get in. Some examples of types of jobs that one can opt for are- SEO Managers, Google Ads Specialists, Facebook Marketing Experts, YouTube Marketing Experts, Content Writing Expert, Marketing and Online Campaign Strategists etc.

There are a lot of different courses which can open your doors to such a lucrative career. One such example is the specialist diploma in digital marketing and analytics.


Life seems clueless without proper direction and it can be very frustrating at times. Digital marketing is a field that not only shapes your career but also develops your personality by nurturing your talents and makes you into an independent entity.

Digital marketing has space for people of all kinds. Even if they are not aware of their talents. It trains people in a way that people get to recognize themselves and find a place for themselves in the world.

Countering Coronavirus Epidemic, Hard Lessons To Be Learnt

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There is an emergence of a new virus in China that has also rewind the painful memory of virulent respiratory disease that has wreaked worldwide havoc and struggle for the health ministry to build public trust. According to the China centre for Disease control and prevention coronavirus known as 2019-nCoV has infected. Coronaviruses are big family of viruses that cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses such as common cold (Huang, 2020). However Coronaviruses has emerged thrice in the 21st century from animal reservoirs that cause diseases and global transmission concern.

Coronavirus Disease & How It Is Treated?

Coronaviruses are one of the major diseases which are majorly caused due to cold and other upper respiratory infections. These are zoonoses virus which came from infection of a specific animal and later spread from one to another. Coronavirus infections also spread potentially to humans mainly if specific mutations in the virus occurred.

The symptoms of Coronavirus include cough, shortness of breath, and non-respiratory symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea. The young generation has a weak immune system that causes major serious infections such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and others. The hundreds of Coronaviruses are circulated from various animals such as camels, pigs, cats, and bats. There are seven Coronaviruses that cause human disease out of which four are mild including viruses 229E, NL63, OC43, and HKU1 (Zhu, 2020).

The scientists across the globe are working hard to understand the cause of the virus and how it can be treated. The health authorities of China have also posted their full genome in an international database. There are no specific approved antiviral for the specific coronavirus so they are treating supportively. The patients with the serious issue are treated with aggressive care in an intensive care unit.

Lesson work: Work With Other Countries

There is a major challenge for China to overcome political and public health crisis. According to Li (2020), COVID-19 is identified in the year 2020 which is studied by extramural and intramural scientist that mobilise to study the virus till today.

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Other government officials also support in minimizing the risk of Coronaviruses disease. The analyst states that the Chinese response that the issue will disappear soon from the spotlight. Investigator has shown that the first infection has appeared in Guangdong Province in the year 2002 and later the scale of China crisis has exposed. Advise has circulated across the hospitals that and director of the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) state that there is poor coordination across the media department.

Lesson Two: Don’t Cover It Up

In the international stage, there is a lack of transparency in China that has caused low economic growth. According to health experts, there is stress transparency as a key factor in preventing the virus from spreading across the world. There is a need for infection prevention measures for controlling the virus. Hong Kong is one of the major hotspots of the virus (Perlman, 2020). The president Xi Jinping has mentioned that the virus is extremely critical and warnings are given to the public.

The government of China has strong control over the flow of information for controlling virus across the country. The president is more focused on protecting the negative impact on the international image of China. However, the information on social media is spreading with hashtag #WuhanSARS.

Lesson Three: Improvement In Medical Response

The medical system of China has taken corrective action for providing a high quality of medical services to the patients. Health officials have reported that the reporting of infectious disease is filing cards by hands and then post it to the central office. Later the government has developed a centralized online system that is linked with hospitals and clinics across the country so the immediate treatment can be done in real-time. China has developed an excellent disease surveillance system including real-time emergency department surveillance so that it can support in determining new cases (Holshue, 2020).

The college graduates who are applying for a job interview as content writing, the current topic is given to check the writing abilities of candidates. Coronavirus Disease is one of the current topics that can be given by the recruiter. You can collect information from various sources like an online essay writer such as research paper, journals, articles, newspapers, and other relevant sources. You can also take assignment help from teachers, textbooks, and peers to understand the hard lesson from Coronavirus Disease. Online Essay help can be taken from online sources that can be used for writing the assignment appropriately.

Thus the hard lesson to be learned for protecting Coronavirus Disease is to develop an effective healthcare system of the nation by health authorities result in protecting the patients against Coronavirus Disease. The government has to take action in protecting the nation with managing the dangerous source of possible new infections. However, the radical measures are taken by china that is beyond WHO recommendation for avoiding a repeat of Coronavirus Disease. The experts have also restricted to visit such cities for stopping the global spread.


Li, Q., Guan, X., Wu, P., Wang, X., Zhou, L., Tong, Y., Ren, R., Leung, K.S., Lau, E.H., Wong, J.Y. and Xing, X., 2020. Early transmission dynamics in Wuhan, China, of novel coronavirus–infected pneumonia. New England Journal of Medicine.

Zhu, N., Zhang, D., Wang, W., Li, X., Yang, B., Song, J., Zhao, X., Huang, B., Shi, W., Lu, R. and Niu, P., 2020. A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019. New England Journal of Medicine.

Huang, C., Wang, Y., Li, X., Ren, L., Zhao, J., Hu, Y., Zhang, L., Fan, G., Xu, J., Gu, X. and Cheng, Z., 2020. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. The Lancet.

Perlman, S., 2020. Another decade, another coronavirus.

Holshue, M.L., DeBolt, C., Lindquist, S., Lofy, K.H., Wiesman, J., Bruce, H., Spitters, C., Ericson, K., Wilkerson, S., Tural, A. and Diaz, G., 2020. First case of 2019 novel coronavirus in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine.

Employee Engagement = Customer Loyalty

Importance Of Employee Engagement

Investment of time in employee development is one of the most important factors result in improvement in business performance. The organization requires to develop a relationship with employees by conducting employee engagement activities for employees result into increased customer loyalty. Employees act as connecting links between organizations and customers. The quality of services offered by the employees to the business is resulted in developing a positive brand image among the target audience. It is imperative to engage the employees by conducting training and development programs, effective leadership practices, the involvement of employees in decision making, and others result in developing commitment among employees. It is significant for the organization to conduct employee engagement activities result into improvement in business services that help in developing customer loyalty.

Employees are the asset of the business that drive business success by delivering the quality of product and services expected by the business. It results in meeting customer expectations that build customer loyalty. The organization has to develop innovative workplace environment by fostering business core values that help in bringing out best among the employees. The employee performance has direct impact on organizational performance due to accumulated impact on customer experience ultimately on customer perception. The company has to continuously develop employee engagement activities such as training and development program by identifying the need for training among the employees. It results into improvement in employee performance as well as an increase in customer satisfaction.

Growth Of Employee Engagement Programs Across Globe

It is the responsibility of managers to engage the employees by inspiring and connect with them that inspire galvanizes and trust among the team members. According to Gallup’s 2013 State of the Global Workplace report, there are 87% of the employees who are not actively engaged. There is a decrease in employee engagement activities that is again increased in employee engagement activities across the globe,63% employee engagement activities in the 2016 which is further increased by 3%. There are different statistics in each region such as 61% in Africa, 58% in Europe, 64% in North America, and 62% in the Asia Pacific.

Growth Of Employee Engagement Programs In UK

The productivity level increased in the UK which has shown insight into employee participation. Each employee rewarded and recognized for attaining business success. According to the Office for Budget Responsibility report the productivity increased by 1.4% in the last decade. The key highlight of the growth includes:

  • There is an increase in UK productivity growth because 70% of employee adopts new technology.
  • The firms in UK are besting performing because 91% felt value result into an increase in business performance.

Employees are the asset of the business that drive business success by delivering the quality of product and services expected by the business. It results in meeting customer expectations that build customer loyalty. The organization has to develop innovative workplace environment by fostering business core values that help in bringing out best among the employees. The employee performance has direct impact on organizational performance due to accumulated impact on customer experience ultimately on customer perception. The company has to continuously develop employee engagement activities such as training and development program by identifying the need for training among the employees. It results in an improvement in employee performance as well as an increase in customer satisfaction.

Key Factors For Developing Sustainable Workplace Environment

Organizational Culture

The role of organizational culture is an important key driver for employee engagement that helps in engaging employees results in developing a brand image among the target audience. The open communication system motivates the employees to share innovative ideas result in the development of innovative products and services as well as employee engagement. The positive workplace environment is important to factor for business growth and improvement in employee performance.

Core Values

The organization should communicate their core values among the employees result into serving values to the target audience. The employee represents the brand to the customers by interacting with them. So the employee performance direct impact on brand image. I support creating a long-lasting impression to the business that further solidifying the core business values to the customers. It results in developing a sustainable workplace environment that provides a competitive advantage to the business.


There is strong correlation among customer loyalty and employee engagement that impact the business outcome. The employee who are dedicated towards business activities results into delivering high quality products and services to satisfy the customers. The employees should be involved in decision making which motivates the employees to contribute with innovative ideas result into developing high quality of products and services. The employee feels motivated by contributing towards the attainment of business objective. The employees should be involved in decision making which motivates the employees to contribute with innovative ideas result into developing high quality of products and services. The employee feels motivated by contributing towards the attainment of business objectives.


There are various leadership positions ranging from integrity, courage, dedication, and communication that impact on guiding the employees result into delivering high quality of services.

Regular Feedback

The manager should provide feedback to the employees to guide the employees for contributing to business success. An employee requires regular feedback to meet the job expectation which support in engaging the employees to contribute to developing a competitive advantage.


The business should be reliable and consistent result into organizational success. The company should develop consistency in performing responsibilities for meeting the customer expectations result into increase in revenue. The company should be committed to deliver standardized product and services result into improving business performance.

Relationship Between Employee Engagement And Customer Loyalty

The customer has interacted with employees that impact on the organizational image. If the customer receives poor quality of product and services due to low employee performance result into poor brand image.

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Is Interstate Water Disputes Leading To Water War?

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Water is an important resource that no individual can live without. And according to experts, the majority part of our planet is covered with water. Currently, this majority part is estimated to be at a total of 71% but only a small 2.5% of that water is drinkable or can be consumed by living organisms without any sort of health issues or trouble. On top of that, the planet earth is also suffering a number of issues in the form of pollution, overpopulation, wastage of precious resources, and many other threatening issues in the natural world. All this has resulted in the balance of the world hanging on just a flimsy thread. Because of this, it is understandable that every party or major group would want to secure its part of natural resources. And this is what that has led to a number of water conflicts all across the globe.

It is important for every political leader and individual to ensure water conflicts major must resolve as soon as possible. And the first step for doing that consists of understanding the reasons behind these water disputes and trying to create more awareness around this major issue. It is not always easy for students to work on essays on topics like water disputes and conflicts. Because of this, it is suggested that a student should hire professional assignment help from the best assignment writer.

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Understanding The Meaning Of Interstate Water Conflicts

It is quite obvious from the words ‘water conflicts’  used to describe the conflict that exists between different states or countries over water accessibility. When this conflict over the water resource exists between two states this termed an interstate water conflict. There are many possible reasons why interstate water conflict might arise. According to the United Nations, the primary reasons for a water conflict consist of opposing interests in regards to conventional water uses.  Water conflicts are also not something that has emerged in the past few decades. Instead, water conflicts have existed throughout the history of mankind.

However, earlier the conflicts of the resources of water were more traditional which had some other factor as the main source. Traditional water conflicts were hardly ever about water alone. Some common causes of traditional water conflicts are fights over resources, territorial disputes, and various strategic advantages that any particular water source could provide to any country or nation. It is also interesting to note that a detailed database of water conflicts has been developed by the Pacific Institute. This database called Water Conflict Chronology. That database contains accounts of water conflicts that go back to almost 6,000 years!

From everything that has been discussed until now, it is quite obvious that it can be very difficult for a student to work on an essay assignment on a topic like water conflict without facing major difficulties. This can put a lot of stress and burden on the student. This is why it is suggested that all students should hire professional essay writing help from the best essay writer. This essay help will help in decreasing the burden that the student feels all the while also making sure that the student gets the best possible grades or marks.

The Reasons For Water Conflict All Across The Globe

If an individual goes over the history of mankind then it is very easy to trace the fact that water is an invaluable resource to mankind and almost all activities of human beings revolve around or are closely related to the availability, quality, and quantity of the water resource. This goes to show that water is an important resource that cannot be replaced by anything.

According to many experts, the main reason for water conflict is simply the exceeding demand-supply of potable and drinkable water. This will put a lot of pressure on the various governments to provide complete access to the required water supply. And all this again translated into more conflict. Another catalyst for water conflicts is only 783 million people have access to drinking water.  A large chunk of this population is present in various developing nations like India.

Causes Of Water Disputes Related To The Trade Or Economy

Apart from the causes mentioned above, there are many other possible reasons that can result in a water dispute. And some of those reasons mentioned below.

  • Livelihood

To fully understand the reason behind the cause of water disputes, it is also important to look over water resources. This commercial resource of water is directly related to the source of livelihood for many individuals and businesses like fishing, manufacturing, agriculture, tourism, recreation, and even the extraction of other resources from the water bodies. Hence, it is rather easy to imagine that a shortage of water won’t just play a very important role in crippling a population of a country or nation but it would also cripple the economy and business sector of any particular country or nation.

  • Pollution

Another form of dispute that can occur over water consists of pollution. Earlier, commercial interests used to overpower environmental concerns. However, those days have changed to some extent. And a large number of people are putting more focus on environmental concerns. But still, a large amount of waste dumped into water bodies. This results in water pollution. And when that polluted water travels to other countries and nations then it brings in the concept of human rights as that polluted water is detrimental to the health of every individual living in the country or nation where that water has ended up in.

How To Solve Interstate Water Disputes?

Solving water disputes is not an easy task. It can take a considerable amount of time and money. However, it is important to generate awareness regarding such issues. It is also important to not just pass government bills but also implement them. To know a brief description of measures of water dispute, you can also go for online assignment help services hosted by OmanEssay.

The Conclusion:

Water disputes defined as conflicts that can arise between two parties over any particular source of water. When these conflicts arise between two states termed as interstate water conflict. There are many potential reasons why interstate water conflicts can arise. However, it is important to ensure that these water conflicts must resolve as soon as possible. There are many solutions on which if we work, water conflicts can eradicate soon.

Environmental Influence And Its Impact On Behavior Development

Environment Influence

In the simplest terms, behavior can be defined as the kind of actions or mannerisms which are displayed by different organisms, individuals, artificial entities, or even different systems in response to the different stimuli which might be present in the environment. These stimuli which are present in the environment can include a number of physical objects, other systems, or even other organisms. It is important for an individual to remember that there are many psychologists who believe that behavior can either be conscious or subconscious, voluntary or involuntary or even over or covert.

There is also a specific school of thought in psychology under which it is believed that the focus of the study of psychology should be on what is observable i.e., the behavior of an organism. This school of thought is known as behaviorism. Before learning about the possible environmental influence on behavior psychology, it is important to learn about this school of thought.

Understanding Behavior

As it was mentioned above, behavior can be defined as the kind of action, reaction, or mannerism that an individual, organism, system, or artificial entity displays. Behavior can either be conscious or unconscious, overt or covert, or voluntary and involuntary. A lot of importance has been shed on the topic of behavior by a particular school of thought of psychology. Behavior psychology or behaviorism and it provides individuals with a theory of learning. This theory of learning is based on the basic idea that all behaviors which individual displays are acquired through conditioning. Conditioning can occur through the kind of interactions that an individual has with the environment.

Further, when an individual continues to respond to different stimuli that are present in the environment then he or she is shaping his or her actions. According to behavior psychology, the study of behavior should be the primary consideration of psychology and the focus of psychology should stay away from certain topics like emotions, moods, and cognitions. The reason behind this is that psychology should aim to become more objective and scientific in nature. And since, topics such as cognitions, emotions, and moods cannot be studied objectively in a laboratory. Hence, they should completely be avoided when it comes to studying psychology.

It is important for an individual to know that this is a difficult field of study. Because of this, students might find themselves under a lot of stress. To get rid of this stress, students should hire online assignment help from a cheap assignment writer. It is vital that a student must only hire the best quality instant assignment help to ensure that he or she is able to get the best marks or grades possible.


Looking At What Is Behavior Psychology

Behavior psychology or behaviorism and it is one of the most popular theories of learning. According to a behavior psychologists, learning takes place through conditioning. This school of thought was first established by John B. Watson in 1913 with the publication of his paper titled ‘Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It’. This is also the main reason why John B Watson considered the father of behavioral psychology. From the 1920s till the 1950s, behaviorism grew to become one of the most prominent forces or schools of thought in psychology. During that time, many strict behaviorists believed that all behavior is a result of the kind of experiences or learning which an individual goes through his or her life. Eventually, this popularity of this school of thought subsided to make away for humanism. According to behaviorism, there are two types of conditioning discuss below.

Classical Conditioning

Classical conditioning used in behavioral training by experts. In this type of conditioning, a neutral stimulus paired with a naturally occurring stimulus to get a similar type of desired response. The best way to understand this is through the example of the dog experiment. During this experiment, the researcher provided the dog with the food. After viewing the food, the dog would salivate which is the normal response. Later, the researcher started to ring a bell and then offer the food to the dog. Eventually, the researcher observed that the dog has started to salivate when the bell rang.

Operant Conditioning

In this type of conditioning, an individual can learn with the help of different reinforcements and punishments. These consequences of the behavior associated with the behavior because of which the learning takes place. Many students often decide to write assignments on these topics. If you are also planning that but you don’t have the time then it is important to get assignment help from the best assignment writer.

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What Are The Environmental Factors That Influence Behavior?

As it was mentioned above, there are many types of behaviors that one can learn through the environment. And according to experts, there are different environmental factors that facilitate that kind of learning. And some of those environmental factors which influence behavior discussed below.

Parental Influence

When it comes to understanding environmental factors that influence behavior then, the primary factor is the kind of influence that parents or guardian figures generate. A child spends a lot of time with his or her parents or guardian figure.

Peer Influence

Apart from the parental figures, another thing that could influence the behavior of an individual is the kind of friends or peers which that individual has. For example, it is commonly observed that teenagers tend to be significantly affected by the kind of group of friends one has. People also tend to band closer to people whom they have more things in common with. However, this might not always be the case.

Cultural Influence

The culture in which individual lives and growth tend to play a major role or part in the kind of behavior which one exhibits. For example, there are certain behavioral patterns or responses which are more common in certain cultural groups than others.

Media Influence

This is currently the age of science and technology. And one thing which the world of technology has done is made sharing extremely easy. This goes both ways. Now, media outlets can easily target their audience without a lot of effort. And these media outlets can easily influence the behavior of its audiences.

School Environment

School is the second place in which an individual spends the most part of his or her childhood after his or her home. Hence, the school environment can also influence the kind of behavior which one exhibits. Ideally, schools should foster a competitive and hardworking behavior within a student.

The Conclusion:

The behavior defined as the kind of response which an individual gives to some stimuli from the environment. According to behaviorism, psychology as a field of study should focus more on the behavior which an individual display than anything else. This would make the study of psychology more scientific and objective. There are also different environmental factors that influence behavior. Some of those environmental factors include media influences, school environment, cultural influence, peer and parental influences.

Role Of IT Management In An Organization

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Management plays an important role in the organization or company. It is all about managing the organization. Management of an organization or company is not an easy task. Information management is the study that deals with information technology operations and resources within an organization. It is the process of managing the organization with the help of information technology or with the use of the latest digital technologies. Information technology management is all about technologies and maintaining resources and the company’s associated employees. In this article, assignment writers provide you insights about IT management, functions of management, the role of management and the role of management in an organization. It helps the organization in getting success and achieve all goals and aims. One of the significant figures is it add value and importance to the organization. It makes the management system very effective.

Information Technology Management

Information management is the process in which the managers have to oversee all matters regarding information technology operations and all its resources in an information technology company or firm. Its management helps in utilizing all the resources and its employees utilized properly and in such a way that these values provide great value for the company. It is very necessary to use the IT management system effective.

Effective IT management makes the organization in order to get the optimum benefit from all the resources. It also helps in gaining maximum profit with the limited and optimum use of input resources. On the other side, it helps in organizing the staff and utilize them in a proper way. Its management helps in improving the business process and communication and impose the best practices. Employees working in It management firms must also demonstrate their abilities in management areas such as strategic planning, allocation of different resources and leadership. There are different Roles of management in an organization.

It is the duty of responsibility of IT managers to monitor and regulate the available functions reliably. The responsibility and task of the managers are:

  1. It helps in determining the business requirements for Information Technology systems.
  2. Avail in managing the IT budget and costs.
  3. Keep monitoring all the safety issues and compliances.
  4. Controlling the system and network security.
  5. Aids in implementing the software and hardware within the organization.
  6. It helps in providing the technical and helps desk support.

Functions of management

Management is an integral part of living in some form or another. If you want to achieve something then it is essential for you to apply some management rules in your life and achieve the desired objective. It is important in student’s lives. The basic parts of management are always at play, whether it is our personal life or any organization. Management means to have a set of principles. The principle has different functions such as planning, organizing, directing, and controlling, and the various other applications of management in order to exercise physical, financial, information resources and human inputs efficiently and effectively to achieve all the desired organizational aims. It is very necessary to have an organized life.

Management is essential in all humans’ lives in order to get an organized life and to run all essential kinds of businesses. Managing life means to get all things done in order to get all desired and achievements fulfilled by making some objectives and aims.  Management is all about managing the various tasks not only in businesses but also in the daily lives of humans. If you are still in confusion, then you must take assignment help on all related topics.

There are five functions of management. These are:

  1. Planning
  2. Organizing
  3. Staffing
  4. Directing
  5. Controlling


Planning is very time taking and it is future-oriented and it helps in determining the direction of a business. It is also a rational and systematic strategy to make the decisions at the present time and that will affect the coming time of the business. Planning involves various things that help in predicting the coming time of the company and it also helps in attempting to get events done of the business. It is the continuous process in which one has to take correct and accurate decisions to get the best in the future. Also, it provides a  systematical approach and to apply all the possible knowledge for the future of the business. Effective planning is an approach to get the desired output from external and internal factors. The external factors can be anything including resources and the internal factors can be the growth opportunities of the business.


To organize a business, it also needs some formal structure by the authority. The authority has to give the directions and this authority has to make a flow of the work through sub-divisions, arranged all the work in a coordinated way. The authority helps in uniting the sub-divisions in a coherent manner to get the desired output. According to Henry Fayol, “To organize a business is to provide it with everything useful or its functioning i.e. raw material, tools, capital and personnel’s”. There are also some activities that have to be performed under organizing and to reach the organization’s goal. It is necessary to assign these activities to personnel. But the organization is mainly concerned with:

  1. Assign all the tasks to the employee also define their responsibility and duties to them.
  2. Make a connection between the authority and the responsibility performed by the employees.
  3. Coordinate the activities about the tasks.


Staffing means to hire the workforce for the organization. Not only hiring but also managing a suitable workforce in the organization at managerial level and non-managerial level both. There are also some processes that include in staffing are, recruiting, training, developing, compensating and evaluating employees and maintaining the personnel by giving them proper remuneration and incentives. Human management is an integral part of the organization. Hence, it is very necessary to recruit the right candidate with the right personnel. This function is very critical as people are different according to their intelligence, minds, skills, experience, and other physical conditions of the candidate. In order to organize the staff, both the factors are important, the sociological and psychological.


There are various functions that are concerned with directing such as, leadership, communication, motivation, and supervision. With the help of these functions, the employees have to perform activities in the most efficient manner in order to achieve all desired aims, and objectives. The leadership function involves the instructions and guidelines given to subordinates by the authority. As communication is a very necessary part of the organization, one cannot get what the business aim without the process of communication. Communication helps in getting the information and sharing the information from one level to another. Motivation is an integral part of the organization. It helps in motivating the workforce and helps them in showing their excellent performance by following the directions of superiors.


Controlling means to control all the activities of the organization so that the events do not deviate from the pre-arranged plans. It means to set the standard of the company highest in the market. The controlling function involved various points. These are:

  1. Establishing a performance standard should be high.
  2. It helps in measuring the actual and accurate performance
  3. Determining the actual performance with the target standard of the organization.
  4. It helps in taking all the corrective measures to achieve the desired goals of the company.

The conclusion

Management is all about managing and controlling the various activities not only in businesses but also in the daily lives of humans. If you are still in confusion, then you must take the help of our assignment writers.  ArabEssay is the best service provider that can help you instantly and offer you the excellent quality of assignment at the best prices.

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IOT Security Issues And Effective Solutions

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Internet of things is the concept that allows the connectivity of one device to another or people with the help of the internet. The internet of things is a huge network of various connected devices and people. These connected things and people collect the data or information, share the data or information, in the same manner, they are used and about the surroundings. There are some examples of the internet of things such as sensors used in the showroom, these sensors help in detecting the most popular area of a showroom and in which area the customers are shopping more items. These sensors are also helpful in detecting which component or item is selling fast. The Internet of things is the most popular topic nowadays and getting more popularity day by day.IOT helps things getting smart and these smart things will work smartly.

Here is a list of some examples of real-life based on IOT:


Imagine you wake at 7 o clock in the morning as your usual alarm wake you up. But something goes wrong as you have to reach the office by 7.45 and it’s raining heavily so you cannot drive the card very fast speed or you can say your usual speed. You need to drive slowly because of the rain. So in this condition, you will be able to reach late for work. If you are having an IOT connector in your alarm then it wakes you up a bit early after calculating the speed time because of the rain. It considers all factors itself and recognizes that how much time you will take to reach the office if it’s raining heavily. It decides the time accordingly after calculating its speed and time effectively. This is an efficient security solution regarding your work that this IOT is offering.


Now you wake up by your alarm and heading towards your work. But tracking the real-time location can be tracked with the help of sensors. As many people work in night shifts and it is very necessary to track their location and this location tracker is enabled because of the Internet of things. There is a component that helps in collecting the data from the sensors and shares this information with the gateway in the car. It sends the relevant data to the platform and we get to know the location with the help of sensors.

These are two real-life examples of how we used the internet of things in our daily life. If you want to know more about the internet of things then you can take assistance from certified assignment writers. These writers are the best and have a professional degree in all specific fields. So stay in touch with these writers and gets all the information about the sensors and the internet of things.

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Security issues and challenges of IOT

There are some security issues and challenges of IOT. The internet of things is the latest technology and every technology has some advantages and some disadvantages.

1.Not sufficient testing and updating

In today’s time, there are around 23 million of internet of things connected devices across the globe and this number will increase in the future and rise to around 30 billion internets of things connected devices by 2020 and over 60 billion by 2025. These all-new gadgets and we have to pay a cost for this huge number of gadgets. In fact, every gadget having internet of things sensors makes the manufacturer too careless. These companies don’t take care of the security risks involved in these new smart gadgets. Most of the devices from most of the companies may not update with time. After the time of use, the software gets obsolete and eventually, devices become prone to hackers. Hackers can easily track the data and information of the un-updated device and make these devices hack.

To protect the customers from such hacking and security threats, each internet of things connected devices need more updates according to time. Each device needs proper and absolute testing before launch. The testing part is very important so that the devices can update themselves regularly.

2.Issue of passwords

There are some reports that filed against the manufacturers about the password issue and challenges. The manufacturers set some credential detail in the devices, some admin as username and password. These devices when purchased have nothing more than some guidelines. These guidelines are not enough for the customers to rest the new admin detail and password. Some manufacturers set the weak credential details that can be hacked easily. These details make the devices and sensors more vulnerable and easy to track. So it is very necessary for the manufacturers and all the businesses to provide all necessary information and guidelines to the customers. Then only they will be able to make a great effort in protecting the customer’s necessary details.

3.Malware and ransomware

As the number of internet of things devices rises and will rise in the coming years so will the number of malware and ransomware will increase and exploit them. While the earlier ransomware depends upon the encryption and decryption coding techniques to find out the secure and safe details. But in today’s time, the malware and ransomware has been merge and produce different kinds of attacks.

The ransomware attack on the data and disable the feathers of the device and steal information at the same time. In simple words, the ransomware steals the data and disable the functions if the devices simultaneously. For instance, if a simple web camera get installed at a place and its duty is to capture and store the information and sensitive data using several locations. It can include various locations like this that capture the footage of some other place as it may present to some other web address. This web address can extract relevant data and sensitive information using the malware access point. This malware relies on the ransom to unlock and disable the feature of the device and collect the data.

If we use the number of permutations and combinations, the IOT devices will give birth to the number of attacks. If you are in doubt still take assignment help assistance.

4.Information and data security

Data security and privacy is the largest concern that all people think of the first in this interconnected world. Data and information are constantly shared, harnessed, transmitted, processing and storing by various big and small companies. These all companies used the internet of things in a wide array like smart TV, speakers and lighting systems, connected printers, HVAC systems, and smart thermostats. Generally, all this data and information shared between the companies or organizations and violating the rules of privacy and data security. So companies and organizations need to stick to compliance and privacy rules.

The above-explained challenges of the internet of things are greatly in use. If you think that you still don’t get the insights about the internet of things then you can take assignment writer’s guidance and achieve all academic success. So stay connected with ArabEssay to get all relevant information and data.

How Do You Develop Interpersonal Skills?

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In today’s time, interpersonal skills are very important. As it involves the ability to communicate and converse and making a relationship with others. Interpersonal skills are often called people’s skills. It helps you in getting and adopted some personality traits and how you people or students know to handle the difficult and puzzling social situations. It is very important for students and for all people to learn effective interpersonal skills. These skills help in communicating with others. It also helps during the job interview. It also helps in positively making your career. Sometimes, you should know how to impress your teachers or colleagues or interviewer. It helps in making a good impact on your career advancement. Interpersonal skills cover a variety of traits and scenarios where communication and cooperation are mandatory. So it is very important to develop interpersonal skills.

Various examples of interpersonal skills are Active listening, Teamwork, Responsibility, Dependability, Leadership, Motivation, Flexibility, Patience, Empathy and many more. In a work environment or in any school, college or university, interpersonal skills is an asset and it will help you in every aspect to navigate complexity, change, and daily activities. Soft skills are also a character trait that helps in determining the relationship with other people.

Importance of interpersonal skills

All aspects of work in every field involves communication. Communication is mandatory everywhere, does not matter you are a college-going, school going, office going or university going person. It is very difficult to carry out any business without communication. Most of the jobs needed collaboration and interaction with the other fellow people but without interpersonal skills, people will not be able to communicate and interact with others. If you are still confused then assignment writers are here to help you and in making you understand the importance of interpersonal skills. Here is a list that describes the importance of interpersonal skills.

  1. Self-confidence

Self-confidence is required in the right amount and right quantity. It also opens your door and helps you in gaining recognition. Self-confidence also helps you in dealing with and approaching social life situations. It will also help you in managing all difficult situations of life and how you will take these situations. Whether you can take them negatively or positively but it depends upon your self-confidence that how you will tackle them and take them. If you want to be a successful person in your life then it is necessary to demonstrate your self-confidence at every stage of life, whether you are needed it at your academics or your workplace. Self-confidence also helps you in dealing with challenging situations effectively and efficiently. It also helps you in making new aims and goals in your life.

  1. Workplace ethics

Having a strong command over work ethics is what the recruiters require. But what is the work ethics, it can be divided into three, the first is professionalism, second is respectfulness and third is dependability. Professionalism includes everything from how you present yourself in front of the others at the workplace and that way you treat other people at the workplace. The next is respectfulness. In almost all the places you need to work under pressure and it defines how you race yourself under this work pressure and how you will shine by working under pressure. It does not matter how short the deadline is but you need to work with diplomacy and poise. Employers should know they have some employees under them. Hence, it is very necessary to be on time, and maintain every work policy and rule so that employees get motivated and encouragement by their employers.

  1. Managing the relationships

Making effective and efficient relationships is one thing but managing them is a very hard and difficult task. It is mandatory in all the offices and workplaces from junior most level to management level. At each stage in a business or any organization, it is expecting from you to manage all the relations with clients, colleagues, and partners and with others. This is the most important point that comes under interpersonal skills. To manage the relationships, it is necessary to have respect and mutual trust with each other.

  1. Feedback

You should be receptive to feedback, it will help you in developing both professionally and personally. In order to take the feedback positively, you must listen to others carefully and properly. Don’t give them an immediate response, just listen to them properly before taking any step. Use this feedback in a positive way so that it will help in improving your performance and productivity further.

  1. Body language

Two types of communication are there, one is verbal and the other is non-verbal communication. Non-verbal communication is frequently overlooked or ignored by the people but at workplaces, it is the most required thing. Your facial expressions can describe your feelings and thinking. You should maintain your posture, gesture, tone, eye contact. These all help in making the impression on others and people start liking the way you present yourself and you will get more recognition.

  1. Listening

The best communicators are the one who listens carefully and properly without interruption in between. If you don’t listen to your manager’s instructions properly then it will lead to disastrous consequences. It is very important to listen to your manager because if you fail you interpret it wrong and pass the wrong information to the client or others. The others and the client will respond inappropriately.

  1. Collaboration

Collaboration effectively and interaction effectively help in developing a good team and work productively. This effectiveness helps in delivering the outcomes positively for the clients and customers. If you have respect towards each other than this ability helps you in making better collaboration with the team. Most of the recruiters seek those candidates who are having a good track record of working well in a team. They are willing to hire those candidates who are cooperative and compromising in delivering exceptional work. The great selling point is that you can work under challenging situations and being able to collaborate well with others. You need to present yourself in a good manner and you should know how to speak well and enthusiastically for your team members.

  1. Showing appreciation

In almost all the organizations and businesses, employers seek those candidates who show their appreciation. This is very simple, you need to present a thank you when someone has helped you in your work, in your project, with your client and any difficult situations. Showing an appreciation is that you are letting know your colleagues, partners, employees, employers, managers, teachers, professors and all others that you value their assistance and guidance. If your teacher or professor gave you some challenging assignment or task to complete and you are not able to complete it then you can take help from online assignment writers. These writers can help you in every challenging task and you can show your appreciation towards them.

  1. Positive attitude

Attitude matters a lot in every field, in all situations and mostly in difficult and challenging situations. If you carry a positive attitude then you can handle all the challenging situations positively. Be positive if you are writing a covering letter of any assignment and until you get very good grades. Never say anything negative about your past and previous assignment and your teacher or professor. Even if you feel like saying some bad words then never say anything bad about your previous failures and marks. Students who have a positive attitude are more likely to treat others positively and take their work positively. A Positive attitude helps in developing a good relationship with the teachers or professors also. If you think you are still confused about the interpersonal skills then cheap assignment writers can assist you.

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