Differences Between Business Laws in Governmental and Non-Governmental Organizations

Differences Between Business Laws in Governmental and Non-Governmental Organizations
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Introduction

The governmental laws and regulations on the businesses will require the companies for complying with the state, local, and federal statues, as well as regulations that have been administered by the legislative bodies those, are carried out by the regulatory agencies. As mentioned by Alshaerb et al. (2017), government laws, as well as regulations, are required for order maintaining, protecting rights as well as liberties with establishing standards as well as resolving the disputes. The business laws in the government organizations have to strictly follow the tax code, labor and employment law, antitrust laws, advertising, email marketing, environmental regulations, privacy, licensing and permits, insurances, sales tax collection and reporting the pay data. Law needs to be regulated based on the procedure of foundation, operation, connection, registration as well as cessation that will cause the operations of the organizations, both non-governmental and governmental accordingly. As opined by Buckingham and Külcür (2017), non-government organizations (NGO) have been created by legal persons who are not the government part and the funds of the NGO’s are raised mostly by the government. In this aspect, the need of maintaining a non-government position with eliminating the need for a government council is also required. NGO is established and is quite independent from government insights as well as is not a government entity part and is operated through the government program. Although non-government organizations are not a part of government directly, it receives funding from the government as well.

Ernazarov (2020) had stated that non-governmental organizations have been created by legal persons who are not part of the government. The purpose of law helps in establishing standards that help in the identification of behavior those have not been accepted within society. It helps maintaining order that is important for the civilized society and it helps resolving disputes that help to allow mitigation of issues that help to resolve disputes as well as comprises of both federal and state courts. The disputes have been resolved with using alternative methods of resolving resolution and it helps in using less numbers of formal methods like arbitration as well as mediation (Kościółek, 2019). The research aim is discussing and analyzing about the differences between the business laws present in the governmental organizations and non-governmental organizations. In this research study, the researcher discusses functionalities and purposes of business laws, government regulations both governmental and non-governmental organizations need to acknowledge. It also discusses about law on non-governmental organizations, law on governmental organizations and discussing governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Discussion

Functionalities And Purposes Of Business Laws

The business laws in both governmental, as well as non-governmental organizations, are set for maintaining order, rights and liberties rights, the establishment of the standards, as well as resolving disputes. As mentioned by Kourula et al. (2019), one of the purposes of business laws is establishing standards that help in the identification of the behavior those have not been accepted within the society. Do my assignment suggested help controlling damage to the society is done as it is intolerable to the society. It also helps to maintain the order and law required for civilized society. It also helps to resolve disputes those allow in issue mitigation and that helps to resolve solutions as per the needs, views, values, and wants. The disputes are resolved through using an alternative way of resolving disputes and that will help in medication as well as arbitration. Lassa (2018) had opined that protection of rights and liberties helps to ensure allowing of each individual and that helps to allow constitutional rights with inclusion of speech and expression. The practice areas include statutes as well as regulations that have been related to the inclusion of individuals, families, businesses those include roles like consumers, citizens as well as workers. The businesses’ become globalized and the business laws comprise of conflicts and are also important to business owners for impacting the commerce both abroad and domestically. Business needs comprise of complies with similar kind of legal regulations as well.

As per the outlook of Li et al. (2018), legal basics comprise of court system structure, ethics, procedural law, and substantive law that have been foundational. The contract law with the inclusion of rights, drafts, the delegation of works, agreements, transactions, breaching of contracts as well as remedies required for the breaching. UCC (Uniform Commercial Code) has been the draft of contracting law comprised of governing sales. Intellectual property helps the inclusion of patents, as well as trademarks with preventing the ideas from profiting from the creations and ideas. According to the opinion of Sinclair (2018), tax law helps to determine diverse ways of implying taxes on businesses. Both antitrust, as well as competition, are being included. The employment law helps governing ways of interacting with the employees as well as improve rights as well as responsibilities of the people. It causes provision of minimum law to provide wages, improvement of workplace safety with using overtime rules. The environmental laws help striving mitigation of business impact by limiting the pollutions with establishing penalties regarding law violation. It also enhances governing of real and personal property as well.

Government Regulations Both Governmental And Non-Governmental Organizations Needs To Acknowledge

It helps to comply with the laws as well as regulations that help in compliances with the laws as well as regulations. As mentioned by Alshaerb et al. (2017), it helps to make the business faults and that will be violating the legal rights and that helps involving the employees. The consultation of for ensuring complying with the federal non-discrimination laws. It helps in the improvement of business growth as government regulations that has enormously expanded with the promotion of business complaints for impeding growth as well as efficacy. It helps protecting shareholders from the frauds and it comprises of EPA, FTC, SEC and FDA. As opined by Buckingham and Külcür (2017), EPA (The Environmental Protection Agency) regulates waste disposal with restrictions on greenhouse emissions’ as well as controlling the pollutants. The FTC (The Federal Trade Commission) is the business, which helps companies need to comply with the rules those have been complained for compromising and costly profits. FTC has been protecting patrons from anti-competitive and deceptive practices of the businesses. It helps include of monopolies with use of fraudulent advertising. Ernazarov (2020) had stated that SEC (The Securities and Exchange Commission) helps to regulate IPOs for ensuring full disclosures along with enforcing the rules governing the stock trading. The FDA (The Food and Drug Administration) helps provision of delays regarding approval as well as marketing the drugs. It comprises of high costs from market entering the system and that helps in criticizing delaying approvals that is life-threatening accordingly.

As mentioned by Kourula et al. (2019), and university assignment help said charities help in improving participation with the inclusion of meeting needs pertinent to disadvantaged groups and people. Empowerment helps understanding social, economic, and political factors for affecting the lives of the people and that helps increasing awareness of the power for controlling lives. The maximum involvement in terms of involvement by using the beneficiaries and NGOs have been the facilitators. Lassa (2018) had opined that is legally constitution helps in creating the legal and natural persons those help operating independently. NGO helps maintaining non-governmental status with excluding government representatives from the organizational membership. It comprises of legal forms like trusts, societies and not-for-profit companies. Applications for registration helps in eligibility for trust and made the applications that helps in electronically registration as well.

Law On Non-Governmental Organizations

As per the law associated with non-government organizations, it helps regulating the procedure regarding foundation, operation, cessation as well as cessation of business operations. As opined by Sternkopf and Mueller (2018), non-governmental organizations are non-profit organizations with the members for realizing common interests required for affirmation and realizing the public interests. Non-governmental foundations help pooling the resources as well as assets those help realizing charitable and conducting other activities required for public interest as well as importance. Non-governmental organization is associated with joining unions and also helps in providing relevant association to country as well as abroad. The association helps exercising the joints in the rightful way and envisaging the foundation articles. Wu et al. (2017) had stated that non-governmental organizations help comprising of data necessary that is used for undertaking activities required for registering as well as founding the same. The non-government organizations’ with performing economic business activities those have been obliged for setting the business activities. Registry to associations help in keeping and maintaining competent required for regulating contents as well as helps mannering keeping Registry. Competent body needs to performing registration and it helps meeting the business requirements for initiating the disputes.  

Yan et al. (2018) had stated that foreign non-governmental organizational helps in registering the competent ministry. It helps submitting the proof of registration regarding domicile country and it comprises of personal name as well as addresses. It helps in authorizing standardizing proxy and organizational representation. It helps in comprising of foreign organization regarding the Republic’s territory. The non-governmental organizations help in acquiring the legal entity from the Registry Day. Non-government organization helps performing economic business activities as per the performances of economic business activities that helps regulating requirements for performing the business activities. As mentioned by Yang et al. (2017), assignment writer in terms of allocation of the funds, it helps providing financial support to the NGOs. The commission will be appointing members and president along with appointing the 4-year period. The operational manners with improving the decision-making that helps regulating rules of procedure required for improving commission operation. The commission helps in executing fund allocation with contributing the realization of public interests. It helps in improving possibility along with possibilities for controlling integration and implementation of the project accordingly (Upcounsel, 2021).

Laws And Regulations Of Governmental Organizations

The federal business regulations, policies and laws impact on the business. As stated by Zukhriddinovich (2020), tax code is integrated into the organization that comprises of income tax, estimated tax, employment tax, and excise tax. Income tax is filed against the earning of income and is calculated once in each year. Estimated tax offers alternatives to pay the income tax and it helps making estimated payments of tax as per the income. Employment tax is about the companies to pay tax on having employees on the payroll. It includes federal income tax, social security and Medicare taxes. Excise tax includes payment of tax while companies purchase specified goods. According to the opinion of Buckingham and Külcür (2017) and online assignment help labor and employment law includes laws and regulations those employ the independent contractors and works regarding state labor and deferral laws. It includes labor laws like wages and hours, equal opportunity, workplace safety and health, unions, employee benefits security, and family as well as medical leaves. Wages and hours are determined by FLSA (Fair Labor Standards Act) that helps prescribing standards to overtime payment and wages. WHS includes OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) as per the OSH Act. Employee benefit helps provision of offering welfare and pension benefits as per ERISA (Employee Retirement Income Security Act). FMLA (Family and Medical Leave Act) provides employees eligibility to improve job-related leaves for illnesses, birth or adoption procedures (Lassa, 2018).

As per the outlook of Kourula et al. (2019), antitrust laws comprise of 3rd party vendors those strive addressing following aspects like conspiring for fixing the market prices, discrimination of price, conspiring for boycotting and monopolization and conspiring allocating markets or patrons. Conspiring for price helps preserving the monopoly positions regarding acquisition to competitors and exclusion of the competitors regarding controlling the market prices. Advertising is about using testimonials those come with the additional regulations. Advertising is about avoiding the misleading patrons and those required for complying with labelling laws required for the patron products. It also helps in understanding rules to advertise specified products. Li et al. (2018) had mentioned that email marketing is about enlisting things under the CAN-SPAM Act those follow misleading and false headers, not using the deceptive headlines and indication of advertised messages. It also includes name and address of the businesses and showing the patrons for opting-out of emails and honoring opt-out requests. Environmental regulations help acquainting the diverse environmental laws of protection. It helps providing high resource pertinent to complying with the environmental laws.

As per the viewpoint of Sinclair (2018), privacy is another important law that states about winding-up employees for amassing tons of sensitive and important personal information regarding the employees. It comprises of rules, regulations and policies required for securing data and information. HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) prohibits releasing health data with providing no permission of the patients. Licensing and permits comprise of regulations that help amplification the state regulations those help understanding federal counterparts.  With no proper licensing, it will cause the businesses in revoking authorities for operating. Sternkopf and Mueller (2018) had mentioned that insurance is about hiring the employees those have been obliged for purchasing the workers based on the compensation insurances. It helps protecting the employees and also receive of medical care as well as compensations. It will help in defraying costs related to lawsuit that has been filed by injured workers at the workplace. Reporting pay data is about hiring employees irrespective of race, job category, gender, ethnicity, and equal opportunity to the employees. Collecting sales tax is the method that will cause collecting sales tax from the patrons and submitting the same. Get to know more about HIPAA, Law assignment help experts of Arabessay is ready to help you.

Governmental And Non-Governmental Organizations

The governmental and non-governmental organizations differ from one another in terms of nonprofit basics, overall basics, government ties, and nonprofits with government ties. As opined by Wu et al. (2017), in terms of nonprofit basics, NGOs help creating as well as operating required for contribution to the benefit to the public. It helps returning the revenues those go beyond pursuing goals for collecting the revenues regarding operating costs within the company. The core differences of nonprofits help funding for receiving tax exempting status. It helps avoidances of incoming taxes that help donating organization for claiming the tax deduction. Yan et al. (2018) had stated that the basics of NGO help in providing online resources for application to the companies on the basis of domestic missions. NGOs help in addressing inclusion of social and environmental development with human rights along with healthcare. The period helps expiring the last days of the period. It helps in authorizing making the decision based on termination of business operations with delivering body components decisions and that helps in standardization of proxy with representing the organizations. Property helps deleting the registry and that helps in humanitarian that is registered to non-governmental companies as well (Yang et al. 2017).

As opined by Alshaerb et al. (2017), a pecuniary fine is present within the amount and that helps to perform activities required for registration.  It helps using a name that is not even registered. Social companies as well as associations related to obliging the re-registering of associations from the day this law effectiveness. The social organizations use the citizens’ associations with using funds as well as endowments and that will help harmonizing provision to the law within prescribed details. It helps to avoid income taxes as well as those help to enable the things those help donation to the company for claiming the deduction of tax. According to the opinion of Upcounsel (2021), NGO basics provide resources and that helps in technically fitting profile. It helps to address the inclusion of economic development, environmental issues, improving human rights and healthcare. Government ties help to influence government with external efforts. It helps to employ lobbyists for advocating the national and state legislation. It helps to receive portions regarding getting funding from government sources. Buckingham and Külcür (2017) had opined that nonprofit organizations’ help is not the qualification of NGOs regarding operating connection within the government. Government agency helps to maintain control over the operational activities and organization. It helps to receive funding with state routine as well as that help governing the name with the state’s governor. It also helps in maintaining control over operation and organization as well. Get to know more about governmental and non-governmental business law differences essay writing help of ArabEssay.

Conclusion

The research aim is to discuss and analyzing about the differences between the business laws present in governmental organizations and non-governmental organizations. It is mentioned that the purpose of law helps in establishing standards that help in the identification of behavior those have not been accepted within society. Along with this, it had stated that the business laws in both governmental, as well as non-governmental organizations, are set for maintaining order, rights and liberties rights, the establishment of the standards, as well as resolving disputes. It is also stated that legal basics comprise of court system structure, ethics, with procedural law and substantive law those have been foundational. It had been stated that the business laws in the government organizations have to strictly follow the tax code, labor and employment law, antitrust laws, advertising, email marketing, environmental regulations, privacy, licensing and permits, insurances, sales tax collection, and reporting the pay data accordingly. It is also mentioned that non-governmental organizations are non-profit organizations with members for realizing common interests required for affirmation and realizing the public interests. Along with this, it is also stated that in terms of allocation of the funds, it helps to provide financial support to the NGOs as well.  

The governmental and non-governmental organizations differ from one another in terms of nonprofit basics, overall basics, government ties and nonprofits with government ties. The federal business regulations, policies, and laws impact the business. The tax code is integrated into the organization that comprises income tax, estimated tax, employment tax, and excise tax. The labor and employment law includes laws and regulations that employ independent contractors and works regarding state labor and deferral laws. It is opined those antitrust laws comprise of 3rd party vendors who strive to address the following aspects like conspiring for fixing the market prices, discrimination of price, conspiring for boycotting and monopolization, and conspiring to allocate markets or patrons. It is stated that email marketing is about enlisting things under the CAN-SPAM Act that follow misleading and false headers, not using deceptive headlines and indications of advertising messages as well.

References

Alshaerb, I.M.A., Al-Hila, A.A., Al Shobaki, M.J. and Abu Naser, S.S., 2017. Governance of Public Universities and Their Role in Promoting Partnership with Non-Governmental Institutions. International Journal of Engineering and Information Systems (IJEAIS)1(9), pp.214-238.

Buckingham, S. and Külcür, R., 2017. It’s not just the numbers: Challenging masculinist working practices in climate change decision-making in UK government and environmental non-governmental organizations. In Climate Change and Gender in Rich Countries (pp. 35-51). Routledge.

Ernazarov, D., 2020. ED Analysis of the Policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan Regarding International Non-governmental Organization. Архив научных исследований, 1(4).

Kościółek, S., 2019. Do sports clubs differ from other non-governmental organizations in terms of revenue sources? The case of Poland. Ekonomia i Prawo. Economics and Law, 18(3), pp.283-294.

Kourula, A., Moon, J., Salles-Djelic, M.L. and Wickert, C., 2019. New roles of government in the governance of business conduct: Implications for management and organizational research.

Lassa, J.A., 2018. Roles of non-government organizations in disaster risk reduction. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science.

Li, G., He, Q., Shao, S. and Cao, J., 2018. Environmental non-governmental organizations and urban environmental governance: Evidence from China. Journal of environmental management, 206, pp.1296-1307.

Sinclair N. 2018, NGO vs. Government Organizations, Retrieved from https://digitalmarketing.temple.edu/genesismockwebsitebynicolisinclair/2018/07/23/ngo-vs-government-organizations/

Sternkopf, H. and Mueller, R.M., 2018, January. Doing good with data: Development of a maturity model for data literacy in non-governmental organizations. In Proceedings of the 51st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences.

Upcounsel, 2021, Purposes and Functions of Business Law, Retrieved from https://www.upcounsel.com/purposes-and-functions-of-business-law

Wood, M. 2020, 11 Important Government Regulations on Business You Must Know Retrieved from https://www.fundera.com/blog/government-regulations-on-business

Wu, J., Chang, I.S., Yilihamu, Q. and Zhou, Y., 2017. Study on the practice of public participation in environmental impact assessment by environmental non-governmental organizations in China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 74, pp.186-200.

Yan, X., Lin, H. and Clarke, A., 2018. Cross-sector social partnerships for social change: The roles of non-governmental organizations. Sustainability, 10(2), p.558.

Yang, Z., Liu, W., Sun, J. and Zhang, Y., 2017. Corporate environmental responsibility and environmental non-governmental organizations in China. Sustainability, 9(10), p.1756.

Zukhriddinovich, E.D., 2020. Analysis of the Policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan Regarding International Non-governmental Organization. Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 3(1), pp.9-15.

Risks And Benefits Associated With Advanced Mobile Banking Technology

Mobile Banking Technology 
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Introduction

Mobile banking is the way of making financial transactions with the support of the mobile. It is defied that mobile banking is the easiest process to send money abroad with full protection. Mobile banking has both advantages and disadvantages as it provides huge support to the customers so that they feel comfortable while sending their money abroad. Nowadays mobile banking is the most convenient way to transfer money to friends, merchants, and any other person with the support of the device. The banks provide a security code to the customers so that they can log in to the application with the help of that code. The client also needs to have a secure connection before utilizing the net banking application as many fraudulent activities occur while using net banking facilities in mobile phones. Nowadays the cybersecurity is well developed to protect the personal information of the clients properly so that they can perfom the tasks in mobile banking easily. The banks also charge a minimum amount for net banking and this saves the time of the customers and they feel safe while using the newt banking benefit. The connection needs to be private and secure so that no one can hack the personal information of the clients. The usage of the public networks while doing payments may result in thefts of money and this will affect the personal information of the clients. It provides various services to the customers with the help of mobile banking as the customers can perform everything by sitting at their home. This also supports the customers to receive the funds directly into their mobile numbers and this is the best way to save time and be casual while making payments. The banks providing satisfaction to the customers so that they feel safe while making the payments. 

Body

The mobile banking technology supported the clients to open their accounts by sitting at their homes. It also provides support to the customers while making any fixed deposit or anything else as it also reveals the interest rates with the support of the mobiles. The customers can also purchase anything and can order cheque books and debit cards with the help of a mobile banking application. This also makes the customers comfortable and encourages them to use advanced mobile banking technology. According to the research, it is identified that a maximum number of clients reveal that it will be useful if the user of mobile banking applications is much easier. The mobile banking app also supports the customers to make payments easily. Many essay writer observed that till now many people are not relaying with mobile banking applications due to huge risks. Mobile banking also provides opportunities to the clients to know their account balance by entering into the application. The clients can also access everything in the application with the support of the OTP (one-time-password). This is the most credential thing that the customers need to protect. If this gets revealed the customer will face a huge problem and fraudulent activities will occur.

Importance Of Mobile Banking

The banks provide support to the businessman to save their time and perform the tasks appropriately with the support of mobile banking applications. This is best for small and medium scale businesses as they can transfer huge amounts of money to any other account easily with the help of mobile banking applications at zero cost. It provides huge satisfaction to the customers and makes them feel comfortable while making transfers. Financial transactions become very easy for people with the help of mobile banking applications. Mobile banking also supports the customers to apply for ATM cards and cheque books in the apps. This is also known as doorstep banking. The banks also provide the idea regarding the interest rates to the customers so that they feel comfortable while investing their money with the support of the bank. It is also defied that the indispensable usage of tablets and mobiles encouraged people to use mobile banking services. These services support the customers to make their payments easily and effectively. It is also defined that if the customers face any problems regarding mobile banking services they complain to the bank regarding it. They also provide ideas on how to develop the design of the application and improve the services. It is also identified that around 60% of people like to use mobile banking services to make their banking-related tasks easily and effectively. Nowadays the use of mobile banking services is important as well as dangerous. The people who use mobile banking services reveal that it is somewhat safe. According to the banks, and assignment help UAE it is enumerated that the services need to be used by installing particular applications of the bank. The customers must not use any type of browser while using mobile banking services.  

Advantages Of Mobile Banking

The advantages of mobile banking are enumerated below:

  • The mobile banking service is the best way to save time and make banking-related tasks more convenient. It is identified that a maximum number of people like to perform their tasks in mobile banking applications as they don’t need to go to the bank and stay in a line for their turn to come. The mobile banking application can be accessed 24*7 and this makes the clients comfortable using the mobile banking services. In this covid situation, the people can keep their health safe by not reaching into the banks and this reduces the time of the client. The customers can also perform everything related to the bank by staying at home and can send money to any corner of the world.
  • The online mobile banking application also supports the customers to optimize their money. It is enumerated that optimization helps the customers to think less about their money and this improves the spending of the customers. The spending of the customers also gets high due to online banking services as they don’t think about the money more. This also improves the lifestyle of the person easily. This also maintains a proper transaction in the bank of the customers. The customers also receive proper information from the application. They don’t have to call the branch to gather any information. The money of the customer also remains safe in online banking services. Get to know more about online banking and central banks protocols from plagiarism free assignment help Kuwait of ArabEssay
  • The security level in mobile banking apps is high nowadays. The customer can protect the data of the banking application by maintaining fingerprints and face locks. The bank provides a username and password to the customers but for more advanced protection the customers keep fingerprints and face lock to protect the data so that if the device gets lost then the person who will get it cannot open the device and cannot make any transactions. The banking applications also provide the location of the transaction to find the fraud easily. Nowadays the utilization of online banking services is increased highly. 55% of people utilize online banking services.
  • The benefit of paying IOUs is also there in online banking services. The customer can pay someone within some minutes if they know the name and email address, of the person. The online mobile banking application also provides safe and secure services to customers. The bank across the country has a link with Zelle through which the customers can easily send money to anyone by staying at their home. The bank also provides a refund if the money does not enter into the recipient bank./ this is the best way to keep the money safe. The routing and account number also support the customers to send money to anyone with the help of the application.
  • The control of spending also remains with the customers. As the customer has the remote control of his/her money. The customer can send money to someone whenever wishes and this saves them time and this the most convenient way to send money to someone. In some banks, the customers also get the facility of activating new debit or credit cards from the applications, and this supports the customers to do everything by staying at home. According to the research, it is identified that in this Covid situation the online banking services are the most effective way to perform the transactions.
  • Mobile banking services also provide tailored options to customers. As if they like to change the name of a dead person from the bank account they can easily apply in the applications and within some hours they can change the name. This is hassle-free. The mobile banking application also solves the problems related to money transaction and make the customer comfortable and encourages him to choose online banking services. The customers can also apply for a cheque book with the help of a mobile banking application. The customers can also create fixed deposit account with the help of online banking services.  
  • The clarity regarding the financial data is also provided to the customers. The customers get proper information regarding the transactions and they get to know where their money is going and this makes them alert regarding lower their expenses. The bank also maintains the information related to the applications which have the data of the customers and provides the details of the application where their bank details are given. So, that the customer remain alert and this protect the money of the customers and encourage them to utilize net banking services. The bank also provides proactive control to the consumers so that they know where their money is whether it is safe or not safe.

According to recent research conducted by essay writing help professional, it is identified that a maximum number of people like to use net banking services to save their time and to reduce the public gathering. As it is observed that in this pandemic situation people need to maintain social distancing so net banking s the better idea to maintain this as customers can perform their banking activities by staying at their home and can transfer money in any corner of the world. The banks also charge a nominal amount for transferring money and make this convenient so that every people can perform it. This also reduces the workload of the bank employees and they also feel comfortable while performing their tasks. The amount of money that is charged to the customers is very low and every person can afford it. Mobile banking is also a very popular method as through it the balance can be checked. The customers can watch their accounts 24*7 so there is a low rate of fraud. The customers also protect their accounts with face lock and pattern and with Id and password given from the bank. This encourages the customers to perform net banking as it is the easiest way to do banking activities.       

Risks Associated With Mobile Banking Technology

The risks associated with mobile banking technology are:

  • Fraudulent activities are the things that may occur while performing mobile banking. The customers may face problems when they lose the device the criminal gets access to the mobile banking of the customers and due to this, fraudulent activities occur.
  • The bank also charges a significant charge for the users who use mobile banking regularly and this also reduces the money of the customers and they face a huge problem.
  • Hackers can easily hack mobile devices and can access the mobile banking of customers and due to this many theft cases occurs. The hackers gain more by doing simple work as there are 4.5 million computers and 1.5 million mobile so it is not that difficult to hack the mobile devices.
  • Many fraud SMS also comes in the mobile phones and many cases, the customers perform the activities without thinking and it affects the bank balance of the customers and this reduces the money of the customers.
  • In the rural areas, the mobile banking application cannot be accessed as it requires a high internet connection and in those rural areas the connectivity is very low so the people cannot access the mobile banking application in that case.
  • The encryption security of the technology must be there to protect the personal information of the customers. The customers of the bank need to observe that whether the bank technology has encryption security or not. There is a huge chance of interception if there is no encryption security. According to assignment helper hackers can hack the device with the help of public wifi. The banks need to invest more money in encryption security technology. 
  • The viruses like trojans may affect the banking transaction of the customers. The trojan virus affects the full device and due to this, fraudulent activities occur while performing the banking transactions. The personal information of the customers is accessed by hackers and this increases the theft cases related to money.

It is also derived that mobile banking is the best way to make the banking services more convenient and support the customers to get banking at their doorsteps. It is also enumerated that mobile banking is the most secure way to perform banking activities and transfer money from any corner of the world. The bank website provides every detail to the customers so that they can access the banking through mobile phones. It also supports the customers to become cashless and this makes the digital country. Customers can utilize this service as it is the fastest way to perform financial transactions. The password and the user Id protect the personal data of the customers and make them feel comfortable while performing using mobile banking technology. It is also discussed that mobile banking has both pros and cons as it supports the customers to save their time and to get their banking services at their home. The banks also provide customer service to the customers to solve the problems which they face while performing mobile banking services. It is the most convenient way to perform financial transactions. The customers also get the messages related to the debit and credit of the money immediately so that the customers remain alert regarding their money. The banks also utilize various technologies to support the customers to get a proper connection while using the mobile banking technology as the lack in the network will affect the bank balance of the customers. According to recent research, it is identified that 61% of people in the world prefer mobile banking technology as they find it comfortable for them and they can transfer the money to any corner of the world. The customers also get the benefits of entering the number of the beneficiary and can send the money by clicking one option. It is also defined that mobile banking also increased the rate of fraud cases as the customer lose their money due to a huge number of criminals. So, the banks included cybersecurity to protect the data and stops criminals to make money from the customers without any reason. It is the best way to protect the money. The banks also included the encryption program within the server so that no one can take the personal information of the customers. You can get latest information on mobile banking and refined risks associated with it from instant assignment help ArabEssay.

Conclusion

It is concluded that in the above essay the information related to the risks and benefits of mobile banking technology is provided. The information related to how the customers face problems and how they can mitigate the problem is enumerated. It also includes the information based on the technologies that the banks utilize to protect the personal information of the customers are also discussed. Mobile banking technology also occurs in many fraud cases due to which the customers face huge problems regarding their money. It is identified that a maximum number of people like to perform mobile banking so that they can keep their money protected. The mobile banking technology also utilizes an encryption program to protect the money from getting breached. The banks also update their system to keep them protected every time and make the customers feel safe. In many cases, the fraud messages also come in the devices of the customers and due to this, the customers lose their money. It is also recommended that the customers need to observe whether the banks have encrypted services or not before operating mobile banking technology. It is also explained that the customers need to be alert always while making payments. This provides huge benefits as it supports the customers to take banks to their doorsteps.   

Technology Application In Modern Marketing

Technology Application
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Introduction

Technology strategic plans areas for improvement in some locations and precious too many activities at the same time or fail to explain importance of one improvement over the other. This is acute specimen of ineffective prioritisation which ends after wasting money as well as opportunities. Technology is the skill of rapidly evolving and also changing the social characteristics from that of national security to that of the regular lives. The strategic role played by technology focuses on understanding the way in which it helps in innovative transformation of the world will leave. Technology like wave Technology your smartphone or social media for sharing software systems can significantly impact modern marketing. The technology related aspect health organisations in growth and prosperity for the creation of relationship and strengthening the impact as well as enabling people to learn regarding each other which can greatly impact the way in which organisations communicate with the prospective consumers (Nair and Gupta, 2021). The marketers perceive technology to be an important factor coming to the context of development as well as their growth. Technologies demonstrated as important as well as a strategic tool for instrument of overall efficiency and staying ahead of the competitors. The efficient role of marketing has not been altered because of Technology. On the contrary the dynamism in the relationship between consumer and seller is responsible for the same (Akhmadi, 2018). This develops the corporate attitude towards marketing function and associated marketing approaches. It is not possible to separate these elements or bring about changes in rapid evolution of Technology.

Discussion

Main use of internet has the facility in the consumers in getting access to the ways can save data from throughout the world. It incorporates the data which are timeless as well as critical and also verifiable. The click of button enables the customers to gain significant and demonstration about organisations as well as the product (Grewalet sl., 2020). According to essay typer the efficiency of comparing products followed by finding lower price as well as reading review and also communicating with other users by means of for paragliding product quality as well as consumer related satisfaction. Evolution of marketing in the past years that Technology can be considered as a minor role player however it has evolved to be the most eminent and a determining factor at present.

Description Of The Role

As the modern marketing is its we need to enter the domain where the option of alternatives for accomplishing the work is almost infinite foster the days when evidence required to purchase used for and omega standardized and argon. Nowadays people also need various scenarios regarding the condition. Different scenario is now experienced. However, on account of digital marketing, the elements like SEO or SEM or PP have been largely adopted by marketers. The witness of evolution in the industry and it is important not the way in which technology will bring about the evolution in the marketing functions. We reached the point where the space for marketing is a constant and driving IT changes (Omarov, Tikhaya and Lyashenko, 2018).

It is important to note that the marketing industry is evolving and it is also interesting to observe the way in which technology has undergone a revolution in terms of the marketing function where is used. Nowadays the customers have reached an area where they witness the marketing space to be continuously dynamic and reshaping based on unique as well as new concept and trend and strategies as well as best practices (Krasyuket al., 2017). According to a report published in 2019 by university assignment help about 24% of almost 6,000 global marketing agents highlighted that social media should be considered as an important segment of marketing for the last five years. In this regard it can also be articulated that the marketing strategy is the need to be more innovative as well as useful however the regulating advancements have helped the marketers to a great extent. There has been a significant role of Technology in marketing in the year 2019.

Using The Voice

Various statistics I like that about one third of the sea point 5 million research over Google as well as the voice search has been taking place. The purpose of such detailed research is that it is expected to increase in the coming years. Machine learning for automation as well as other kind of technical changes has created a voice which is a useful tool in the recent days. When any individual ask the Google assistant any question then the results achieved from the question is unlike the Google search result where a lot of results appear. In USA only the use of voice assistants increased by about 1 30% in 2019 in comparison to 2018 (Sterne, 2017). This is a progressive growth however a potential challenge for the businesses as well. Hence it has become very important for the marketing agents to attempt and list themselves in the search for stock they need to tailor the Search engine optimisation strategies in order to acquire greater outcome for them. The need to predict when the customers will speak rather than type while is a conductor voice research to stop it is also important to make use of natural conversation and language in accompaniments to longer phrases or the complete sentences in the form of keywords. In this technology will be helping the marketers to get closer to the consumers as well (Matikiti, Mpinganjira and Roberts-Lombard, 2018).

Rising Growth Of Chatbot Technology

This is a emerging Technology however being used for a significant amount of time now. This kind of Technology enables a combination and the use of text followed by a voice as well as messaging in order to undergo conversation and directly with the consumers. According to the survey results the global chat bot marketing has reached value of 1.2 billion US dollars and the rate of growth of this technology is abruptly 24%. In accompaniments to that it can also be articulated that about 45% of the consumers also preferred utilising them during communication with the enterprises. Chatbot is also very beneficial in terms of the way in which the customer enquiry is handled and the way in which grievance management is done by using meticulous amount of data from variable sources (VidhyaLakshmi and Karthik, 2021). Based on the questions asked by people and the problems encountered by people in using it can be articulated that the nature of feedback provided by means of chatbot can be considered as a significant tool for analysis and it can also be considered as a basis to develop the future marketing plans. According to various estimate made by assignment help professional about 80% of the world communication between customer and organisations has been done in recent times by using chatbots. Hence it is important for the business organisations to exclusively incorporate current chatbot feature in their business process. About 40% of the overall business organisations are expected to accommodate this technique within their system by the end of 2020-21 financial year.

Mobile Advertising

It is the invincible aspect that for the last 20 years the way in which social media interaction has taken place has created endless opportunities for the marketing agents. There are different organisations which connects with customers by means of the social media platforms for their personalized campaign. Nevertheless it is however difficult to find the marketers as well as customers with the significant credibility. They need to connect with customers on a real sense and emphasize on human connection which should be put at the heart of brand message in. Social media marketing provide the freedom of advertising to as many people as needed on the basis of a specific budget (Ivannikova and Bognet,, 2021). On the basis of 2017 report it in the articulated that mobile advertisement contributes to 62% of the advertisements in the upcoming 4 years. It is a significant indication that with increasing customers involved in the mobile phones as well as using their devices as a tool for advertising it will increase in terms of a powerful marketing strategy.

Video Marketing

Automation video marketing will continue to influence the marketing process. In this regard the consumers are likely to see video only if it is providing authentic as well as appropriate content rather than reading a detailed blog post. Hens giving a time period when blogging is greatly accepted it is important to note that video marketing should never be underestimated. Large number of marketers emphasize on video marketing. However, even then it should be kept in mind that the customers will be preparing the unique and individual kind of videos (Sun, 2021). According to statistics of video which is provided in emails will be increasing the scope of consumers who click on the link about 250-300 percent in comparison to the nexus of the video which is sent. According to marketers cheap assignment help team it is important to note that the subsequent growth of advertising will always emphasize on indulging in conclusion of more content of this category.

Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning

It is a very important fact the artificial intelligence server come in a significant aspect of our lives a full stop however in recent times marketing the main acquire the significant importance on the basis of artificial intelligence. Marketing incorporate elements like decision making as well as planning however artificial intelligence is considered to be the most important support system as it provides the scope for decision making. On the basis of this paper different the articulated that people have accumulated about 90% of global data in the last year however only 1% of the cell data has been used effectively (Al Chalabi, 2021). Therefore the concept and knowledge about the role played by data in terms of marketing appropriate decisions about employees followed by strategy and consumers it is also important to note that the marketing agents utilising such data will have a very specific role to play. In accompaniment to machine learning the computers will be provided with various rules to follow however those will be process as well as programmed to learn and then experience important things required by consumers.

The Face Of Marketing Is Changing

The software tool and Technology is helping the marketers to determine new ways of increasing the customers. Nowadays internet is turning into a living entity where there are millions of interconnected devices as well as user related content along with social interaction which happen over various devices like computer or smartphone or tablet. All these resources give birth to a new opportunity for marketing. In case if the marketers of this generation truly wants to achieve the highest potential of marketing efforts then they should turn to technology at its best (Nezamova and Olentsova, 2020).

She has accomplished a transformation in marketing by developing the campaigns to become more personalized and interactive for people and also developing ecosystems which develop more integrated and targeted element for the marketers. It is not only contributed towards development of the interface between the brand as well as people however it has also accounted for transformation. The new technology in marketing has permeated infrastructure as well as a system is based on which government actions are develop and deliver value with the procurement and also adds to the bottom line. In 2013 about 47% of the marketers in USA emphasized on creativity in order to drive marketing strategy for staff in the last year the number has been 29% (Rusetskaya, 2020). In 2022 it has been 56% of the marketers where creativity and Technology has played a significant role in determination of where as well as how the customer engagement process will take place. The 30% of those have a significant impact on technology over creativity. To know more about technology effect on marketing, ask essay writing help from ArabEssay experts.

Being At Par With Consumers

In order to better grasp why it is happening in the markets the need to look at ways people acquire information from and what are their expected form of entertainment as well as expected preferences of shopping sources.

Connectivity

There are about 4 billion of active internet users online all times which implies that about 51 % of the global population is always connected over the internet. In the upcoming three years China and India will be adding more internet users than what exists in USA today (Fenselet al., 2021).

Mobile Phones

About 5 million people nowadays have devices like mobile phones and about half of the connections in this case are smartphones cool stuff that about 93 billion US dollars will be spent on mobile advertisement this year and about 20 billion will be spent on TV ecommerce advertisements. About 2 billion people over the world are expected to purchase goods and services online by the end of 2021. In the same way the elements of entertainment can also be articulated as about one third of online activities is based on expenditure followed by watching online videos and half of billion people watching Facebook videos on everyday basis. Get to know more from plagiarism free assignment help service of ArabEssay

Expectation Of Marketers From Brands

It is important to consider what the marketers demand from the brands in order to understand why the new technology like the block chain technology or chatbot Technology has been growing in terms of its adaptation and utilisation. This is how Technology will be less a transferring device and more equipment for better communication (Dyahrini, Firmansyah and Purba, 2021).

Personalization at scale is the most important element of discussion at this moment. In a recent research studies has been articulated that 90% of the business as having advanced personalization strategy demonstrated increase in revenue in the year 2018. In fact in comparison to digital marketing experiential marketing has been demonstrated by initiatives pretty emotional bond between consumers and brands having about ten times the return on investment for development of measurable loyalty. Also accountability and transparency are some of the most important elements to be considered in this regard full stock out of 6.4 billion US dollar expenditure made by brands on programmatic investment in 2018 about only 27% have made it up to the working media (Gao, 2020). About 12% of the money has been lost to advertisement fraud and about 55% have been lost to the technical taxes when employed at individual stages of the programmatic purchases.

Partnership Between Marketing And Technology

In order to understand the way which is best to apply new technology to a brand or product the marketers will require the assistance of the technology as well as information and legal departments of the company. In this case the challenge for marketers will not be what to do with the data they collected but the way they will be using the same. We can make the best use of the sophisticated Technology however without marketing intelligence which unifies the data inside the use of Technology will not be sufficient in delivering return on investment expected by the marketers or the organisation (Xiang, 2020). You can also ask for write my essay from Arabessay to produce A one tuition assignments.

Budget For Growing Revenue

The cost of investment for new technology is a common element for marketers however as well as with technology the overall cost is expected to divination as economies of scale as well as competition throughout service and platform will be providing a strong increment. In this regard the marketing technology is also likely to increase as the marketing budget grows. Overall advertisement expenditure in USA is anticipated to grow about 24% in the time period between 2018 and 2022. The suggested growth is expected to increase from 2 21 billion US dollars up 22 75 billion US dollars. In 2022 it has been 56% of the marketers where creativity and Technology has played a significant role in determination of where as well as how the customer engagement process will take place (Winarko, Sihabudin and Dua, 2020). The 30% of those have a significant impact on technology over creativity. Nevertheless in this regard it can be clearly articulated that marketing expenditure is also expected to increase as the growth of marketing budgets take place. Overall advertisement related expenditure in USA is anticipated to grow about 24% as a directed the above. There will be share of budget dedicated towards marketing technology and it is anticipated to remain stable over the same frame of time which should be 30% in 2018 should be 32% in 2022.

Conclusion

The technology category receiving the most investment is based on the kind of organisation and the scope and level of implementation needed. Some techniques required basic integration with the legacy infrastructure however some others demand potential and extensive integration in stock never the less investment is justified by the amount of revenue that technology is anticipated to bring for the organisations. With the digital interaction will be responsible for generating more data set which enable retailers to increase the scope of customers in slow motion for a by price and product for individual customer on a dynamic bases in real-time environment. It is not possible for an individual to expect all organisations Technology it depends on the specific company and their need for growth in the industry. However there is still some growth marketing agency which will be expected to make a significant difference in the overall marketing domain. Understanding the demand of consumers and the way their requirements vary can be assessed appropriately by means of Technology. However the organisations should incur expenditure and also ensure their employees are properly trained and they have adequate knowledge in order to make the best use of Technology. Cloud or artificial intelligence or data analytics are the basis of other techniques emerging and continuing to grow after the massive impact of technical incorporation in marketing domain since 2019.

Reference list

Akhmadi, H., 2018, April. Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on Agricultural Marketing in Indonesia a Brief Literature Review. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANRes 2018).

Al Chalabi, A.S., THE EXTENT OF APPLICATION OF E-TOURISM MARKETING TECHNOLOGY IN THE WEBSITE OF THE IRAQI TOURISM BOARD.

Dyahrini, W., Firmansyah, E. and Purba, J.M., 2021. The Effect of Digital Marketing, Digital Money on Performance PT. Indosat (Case Study in Bandung Sales Area). Psychology and Education Journal58(1), pp.6343-6349.

Fensel, A., Akbar, Z., Kärle, E., Blank, C., Pixner, P. and Gruber, A., 2020. Knowledge Graphs for Online Marketing and Sales of Touristic Services. Information11(5), p.253.

Gao, Z., 2020. Construction of Agricultural Products Marketing System in the Computer Age. In Innovative Computing (pp. 319-326). Springer, Singapore.

Grewal, D., Hulland, J., Kopalle, P.K. and Karahanna, E., 2020. The future of technology and marketing: A multidisciplinary perspective.

Ivannikova, M. and Bognet, B.S., 2021. The role of social media marketing in promoting small and medium business.

Krasyuk, I.A., Krymov, S.M., Medvedeva, Y., Chernisheva, A.M. and Lashko, S.I., 2017. Marketing management in retail chains. International Journal of Applied Business and Economic Research15(12), pp.83-91.

Matikiti, R., Mpinganjira, M. and Roberts-Lombard, M., 2018. Application of the technology acceptance model and the technology–organisation–environment model to examine social media marketing use in the South African tourism industry. South African Journal of Information Management20(1), pp.1-12.

Nair, K. and Gupta, R., 2021. Application of AI technology in modern digital marketing environment. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development.

Nezamova, O.A. and Olentsova, J.A., 2020. Innovative marketing technologies in the markets of the Krasnoyarsk region. Азимут научных исследований: экономика и управление9(2), pp.247-250.

Omarov, M., Tikhaya, T. and Lyashenko, V., 2018. Internet marketing technologies in civil engineering.

Rusetskaya, D., 2020. Changes in modern marketing.

Sterne, J., 2017. Artificial intelligence for marketing: practical applications. John Wiley & Sons.

Sun, Y., Research on Precision Marketing of Big Data in Small-and Medium-Sized E-commerce Enterprises. Modern Industrial IoT, Big Data and Supply Chain, p.121.

VidhyaLakshmi, M.K. and Karthik, K., APPLICATION OF MODERN TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES IN MARKETING MANAGEMENT. PERSPECTIVES ON BUSINESS MANAGEMENT, p.13.

Winarko, H.B., Sihabudin, A. and Dua, M., 2020. The Role of Opinion Leadership in Social Media Marketing Technology Adoption Process. Winarko, HB, Sihabudin, A., & Dua, M.(2020). The Role of Opinion Leadership in Social Media Marketing Technology Adoption Process. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology29(5), pp.11510-11522.

Xiang, F., 2020, March. Research on Computer Network Marketing in E-commerce. In 2020 International Conference on Computer Engineering and Application (ICCEA) (pp. 303-305). IEEE.

Effectiveness Of Social Media As A Tool Of Communication

Role Of Social Media In Communication
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People nowadays use most common forms of post modern communication. Gone are the days of using landline phone or cordless local area network for communication. Now when we talk about online chat for exchanging emails we are actually e discussing about full-fledged form of communication. Modernization of Technology is creating new opportunities of dynamic revolution. Global connectivity has been recently revolutionized in the post modern period by introduction of social media. The fundamental point of advent and expansion of social media started with introduction of Facebook. However the domain of social media is expanded by Twitter, Instagram, and Snapchat and recently by Skype or Myspace (Williams, Saunderson and Dhoest, 2021). It is a free and highly interactive source of communication. Communication and interaction happens within few seconds over social media. The variety of expression and freedom of forms of expression over social media makes it different from the traditional communication media in the previous era. Social media efforts to establishment of connection between people not only through voice exchange but also through creation or sharing of versatile content which can be shared with multiple people at the same time over the same network. Freedom of expansion has been spread across domain and territory with the introduction of free exchange of information and content through social media. Social media is also contributing towards development of virtual communities and development of spontaneous channels over the same network space. Therefore it requires no additional installation or connectivity issues encountered by traditional form of communication like mobile phone network for landline network. Social media has been able to change our lives, as its activities are totally online (Nurhadi, Zahro and Chisbiyah, 2019). It provides people with advantage of online sharing of ideas or information for boys with anybody in any part of the world. Online information sharing has also helped people to increase the scope of communication. It has provided as the scope of not only exchanging words but also detailed content like image or video. Social media has been recently used not only for exchanging opinion and ideas or data (Ramaj and Ukaj, 2018). As per online assignment writer view it also helping in an exchange of professional information like new job openings for creating professional networks. Such ideas gave birth to social media platforms like LinkedIn for monster jobs.

Dynamism In Communication

Sharing of online information increases human communication skill. This form of media has been used for exchange of information among a specific interest group like teacher and students of educational institutions and so on. It is also used for exchange of information between employees and their bosses in offices. The online tools and social media Technology has not only successful in mediated communication in unending number of way but also increased the spontaneous scope of communicating with the large number of people at the same time (Okparaet all., 2021). The advent of social media in a bus company a teacher to send a notice or declaration to all recipients saved as contacts in his or her mobile phone at the same time at the click of one switch. This is how social media added dynamism in forms of communication. In accordance with online assignment help professional impact of social media based communication exchange has accounted for reduction and stoppage of the use of some traditional forms of communication like maintaining landline phones in most households or sending letters. Nowadays letters are only exchanged for official purposes. People are no longer found to deliver personal letters to their recipients. The emerging impact of social media has accounted for bringing about change in communication as well as lifestyle. Since people can heavily and actively communicate with any recipient throughout the world, they can remain connected with others throughout the time (Paladines-Galarza,Velásquez-Benavides and Enríquez-Cruz, 2019). This brought about changes in lifestyle as well. People have started sharing and sending information and messages over the online social media platforms which reduced their tendency of physical meeting. In fact corporate offices have the tendency of organising virtual meetings in order to avoid the resource and organisation cost of physical meetings however accomplishing the objective of meeting at no cost and added convenience. Therefore change in pattern of communication over social media also brought changes in our life style at interpersonal level as well as community level. These fundamental changes define our personality strictly.

Broad Benefits Of Social Media

In this section the broad benefits of social media in the purview of advancing mode of communication will be discussed. Social media has limited the scope of sharing ideas. The social networking websites allows us to share our thought, accomplishment, event, interests, failures, happenings and even our smallest achievements with an individual networks using parallel web source over same platform. The example of WhatsApp status update of Facebook posts can be cited in this regard. Someone who just got his new job offer can let anyone in their personal contact or social media contact list know about the same by simply posting a status update. People having interest in the same area or concern regarding same activities can also establish a network of communication by pondering over the respective status update (Hallerberg,Jayaranjan and Farzana, 2018). The recent in production of short videos enables people to share their feelings and emotions of the moment. Communication is nowadays not only restricted at interpersonal level however broadened to encompass any community or individual with similar interests or similar tendency or similar habits. The analytics and network magnification features of social media websites help the social media account users to successful established communication with like minded people whom we do not know at personal level at all. To know more take essay writing help from ArabEssay experts.

Tools Of Communication

Social media is nowadays used as a specific tool of communication by various active interest groups. An important example in the purview of interest sharing is the active use of social media networks for the purpose of teaching and learning under the current global pandemic situation when there is lock down in most of the countries. Teachers and students are using social media as a communication tool. Hence it is not only enabling establishment of communication but making it possible to accomplish the physical activities which people does in groups. Teachers create multiple chat rooms or discussion forums for respective groups to extend their classroom discussion in posting assignments or test papers or online quiz (Chibuwe, 2020). The active live video features of social media Asus teachers and students in helping them to clarify their doubts regarding lesson and homework outside traditional classroom setting. The students are also able to chat and clear the doubts by speaking with their classroom groups where all other students of the same classroom can discuss concepts over the same line of communication. The same feature is also spectacular used in office meeting. Social media has helped in advancing connectivity to such a level that it supports meeting and discussion between vendor and clients for employee and bosses (Basri, 2020). Various companies are facility and features like online presentation of ideas by making videos and sharing their mobile or laptop screen. This is how cyberspace has developed the potential of representing office spaces as well.

Mitigating Common Communication Gaps

Social media helps in bringing random people together thereby making the world a smaller space. Online people always have the scope of establishing connectivity with other people with similar interests or intentions. This gives birth to virtual community based on sharing common interests (Al Sharafat, 2021). Availability of social media connectivity throughout the day is a common expectation of people nowadays. Therefore, active user interaction and continuous content sharing increases relationship among people. Nowadays a large number of people are able to find their partners from social media. It is noteworthy that social media has absolutely altered the definition of modern communication.

Source Of Crucial Information

Social media is not only a web page communication. It is a repository for random content sharing post of it ranges from sharing of news to sharing of travel videos and pictures. It spans across the scope of playing online games together to that of sending personalized birthday cards to your loved ones. Social media platforms like Facebook are also popular as content sharing platform. Gradually become user friendly with every evolved version of respective applications. Currently Facebook is considered as an authentic and trusted source of news and various information like job openings or event it and gatherings. The users have the liberty of using keywords to search for their expected content. The Boolean algorithm helps people to connect their MI set with their content consumption type of social media (del Rocío Bonillaet al., 2020). This is how people generally get access to the kind of information or news which they prefer to watch. An individual who prefers jokes and funny videos and constantly searches this kind of content in social media will get naturally the best content suited to this content category over his own news feed after about a month. University assignment help experts defined social media algorithms are developed with every passing day with better programming and coding. This is how it is enabling advanced communication. The most spectacular advantage of using social media as a source of active information that is completely free of cost and the range of information over the social media platforms is endless.

Popular Websites And Platforms Of Social Media

Sharing of blogs is the most corporate friendly and topic oriented form of social media communication. It is a space for sharing casual dialogues on random topics or engaging in actively corporate discussions on specific topic within a specific circle of people who gets access to reading the blogs. There are specific websites for sharing of blogs specifically like BlogSpot. However Facebook is the most popular form of social media up to the current date. It is the largest formed global network having over 1.5 billion active users based on monthly count of accounts. It enables users to maximize the personalizing of their individual profiles and communicate most reasonable personal information with the outer world (Khan, Khan and Nawaz, 2019). The process of communicating over Facebook is as simple as any other social media handle. It allows people to add other users as their friends and immediately establish individual line of communication for sharing messages or any other form of content with respective friend. The common status updates of people can be accessed by friends or public users over the respective social media platform however on the basis of privacy preference of the user only. The advanced scope of communication has made social media platforms like Facebook,a preferred modem of product and service promotion by various brands. Large number of modern brands is using Facebook for content marketing. These brands create their respective web pages and operate as active Facebook users under the token name of the brand pages. Twitter has a service scope and user base smaller in context to Facebook however with a specific objectivity (Tasenţe, 2019). It is a social networking or more specifically a micro blogging platform enabling individuals or groups to establish communication by exchange of short status messages. Now it is Twitter is mostly used for scoping and getting in touch which influences are celebrities or focus groups.

Twitter is a remarkable manifestation of impromptu connectivity. Academic writing help expert presented their view and defined it not only facilitates communication but allows people to convey their thoughts or idealise their opinion over anything and everything very quickly. In the same way, Instagram is another social media platform which another unique objectivity (Di Lauro,Tursunbayeva and Antonelli, 2019). It is a free platform for sharing photos and videos. It provides users with large number of digital filters and photo frames or effects which adds the glamour to their photos. Shading of photos or any multimedia content is one of the unique features of dynamic communication which has been made possible by the advent of social media platforms. This spectacular feature is uniquely celebrated by Instagram. People share photos of their explosive memories or post their selfies to let others know about their current mood for the event they are witnessing or participating or places where they have recently travelled. As people go out for dining toenjoy a remarkable palate, they share the photo of the same over Instagram (DePaula,Dincelli and Harrison, 2018). Their friends and family members or random users can comment under their photos to let them know about their opinion regarding the specific food or the restaurant or the destination and so on. Snapchat is another mobile based application allowing people to send and share photo and videos.

Instagram and Snapchat have almost similar kind of users. However the base of users over Instagram is comparatively larger in comparison to Snapchat. Snapchat is popular for clicking photo with unique individual filters. This platform uses artificial intelligence and augmented reality technology to give unique feeling two people who click photos using the filters of Snapchat. It not only enables people to communicate through photos but also serves as a potential form of entertainment. LinkedIn is a fairly corporate platform of social media which is related to professional networking for job hunting and general discussion regarding corporate affairs and activities. Here professionals with similar interests and ideas mostly meet with each other. This year respective information and participate in compatible conversation regarding professional domain or job related objectives.

Alternative Communication Needs

Everything is only a click away for social media users. On the current we communicate with people for everything ranging from listening to news for purchasing our daily necessities. Social media has not only advanced the scope of communication but provided as an option to communicate with large number of recipients. The the simple form of of user interface provides enthusiasm to access various features of social media platforms. The spontaneous connectivity and scope of communication with people for serving random needs has enabled people to contact other social media users’ sources for shopping, studying, making booking and so on. Is already discussed how education incorporate multiple social media forms and privileged teachers and students with the scope of creating personalized chat rooms to increase the scope of interactivity among the learners (Madyatmadjaet al., 2020). Colleges and universities use social media platforms to conduct inter college way winners and promotes knowledge through event. Various universities offer online only courses and uses social media as active platform for sharing content and materials for the course. Digital marketing has also sufficed the need of effective communication. People nowadays not required hopping from one shop to another in communicating and networking with various brands and preferred shops. They get all the shops and all favourite products under the roof of the same web application on their smartphones. In fact social media is helping organisations to go beyond the limitation  of a specific demographic and geographic boundary and sell their product and services to the global consumer base. Get to know more from plagiarism free assignment help professional associated with ArabEssay.

Making Online Payments

The time when online payments only referred to making payments over the online banking gateway of respective banking institutions is not gone far. However social media has created the scope of developing active personalized payment gateways for any purpose. Online payment scheme is nowadays amalgamated with almost all social media platforms. Hence social media has compensated for the need of communication to make payments as well. Even the basic social networking platforms like WhatsApp have incorporated the option of online payment with the feature of WhatsApp payments with respective application (Tasenţe, 2019). It enables the WhatsApp users to transfer money to any other people with least effort. However the only impediment of the new payment systems is maintaining security standards and updating security protocol to make payments is secured from the threat of digital criminals. Therefore, social media offers the most convenient option of online payments.

Online Healthcare

Social media has altered the way of provision of healthcare services. In contrast to you physically visiting a doctor for treatment, the patients can communicate virtually with doctors and get online suggestion in the form of digital prescription from the doctor based on the health symptoms. Skype is a recent social media platform which provides patients with scope of consulting with doctors over video call for better understanding the treatment needs. It creates scope of advantages for patients who try to avoid paying visit to the clinic (Basri, 2020). However it also involves the scope of cyber criminals where and qualified professionals can register themselves as doctors and provide suggestion through social media platform to patients. However some social media platforms also provide people with the credibility to check the profile of the doctor online. However if it is used sincerely then it will become a beneficial resource for people throughout the world.

Increase Of Civic Awareness

Social media changes the pattern of governance by incorporating more transparency in the process. Various global leaders post over social media to make their opinions heard and priorities noted. The civic influencers try to provide people with a better understanding about government and electrical approach. Social media has also broken the shackles of filtering information from reaching peoples. Social media has provided the news media industry or scope of transparent journalism in contrast to traditional media which is nowadays being moderated and filtered by various influences from government or non government sources (Chibuwe, 2020). However, it can be considered as a change for the better. Nevertheless social media platforms being a free source of media, it is being maliciously used buy large number of entities it to spread effect information therefore creating a great prospect for miscommunication.

Conclusion

The influence of social media has created diversification in communication where quick and critical conversation is easily scoped. On account of world’s great impact the employers seek professionals who are properly  versed in social media platforms to take on important roles within organisations. In fact the business function over social media is undergoing rapid growth and presents various employment opportunities as well. Social media is providing a foundation for the newfound prospect of communication which liberates us from traditional communication processes and provides us an array of scope for better connectivity.

Reference List

Al Sharafat, A., 2021. How Twitter Has Spiked the Black Lives Matter Movement.

Basri, W., 2020. Determinant of Tendency towards social media tools usage: Moderating role of Trust in Saudi Communication Sector. 2020 WEI.

Chibuwe, A., 2020. Social Media and Elections in Zimbabwe: Twitter War between Pro-ZANU-PF and Pro-MDC-A Netizens. Communicatio, pp.1-24.

del Rocío Bonilla, M., Perea, E., del Olmo, J.L. and Corrons, A., 2020. Insights into user engagement on social media. Case study of a higher education institution. Journal of Marketing for Higher Education30(1), pp.145-160.

DePaula, N., Dincelli, E. and Harrison, T.M., 2018. Toward a typology of government social media communication: Democratic goals, symbolic acts and self-presentation. Government Information Quarterly35(1), pp.98-108.

Di Lauro, S., Tursunbayeva, A. and Antonelli, G., 2019. How nonprofit organizations use social media for fundraising: A systematic literature review. International Journal of Business and Management14(1), pp.7-11.

Hallerberg, S.A., Jayaranjan, M.L.D. and Farzana, S., 2018, March. Face-to-face is the most effective media for communication over social media. In 15th International Symposium on Management (INSYMA 2018). Atlantis Press.

Khan, M.Z., Khan, Q.U. and Nawaz, A., 2019. Role of Social Media in Civic-State Engagement and Political Apathy in New Public Sphere: A Survey of Faculty/Research-Scholars from Gomal&Qurtuba Universities DIK KP Pakistan. Acta Universitatis Danubius. Communicatio13(1).

Madyatmadja, E.D., Sano, A.V.D., Sianipar, C.P., Nindito, H. and Bhaskoro, R.A., 2020, August. Factors Influencing the Uses of Social Media within the Government: A Systematic Literature Review. In 2020 International Conference on Information Management and Technology (ICIMTech) (pp. 835-840). IEEE.

Nurhadi, D., Zahro, S. and Chisbiyah, L.A., 2019. A management framework for implementing social media in higher education. Acta Universitatis Danubius. Communicatio13(1).

Okpara, C.V., Anselm, U.A., Alphonsus, U., Chidi, U.J. and Gever, V.C., 2021. Modelling the Effectiveness of a Social Media-based Counseling Intervention on Interest, Entrepreneurial Skills, and Behavioural Intention Towards Painting Among Youth Without Paid Jobs in Nigeria. Vision, p.09722629211002314.

Paladines-Galarza, F., Velásquez-Benavides, A. and Enríquez-Cruz, M.J., 2019, June. Analysis of virtual comunication platforms. Case study: communication agencies in Chile. In 2019 14th Iberian Conference on Information Systems and Technologies (CISTI) (pp. 1-6). IEEE.

Ramaj, B. and Ukaj, F., 2018. Review of literature for internet marketing and social media in tourism. Acta Universitatis Danubius. Communicatio12(2).

Tasenţe, T., 2019. Social Media Communication in the European Administration. Case study: European Commission. Acta Universitatis Danubius. Communicatio13(2), pp.118-129.

Williams, M.L., Saunderson, I.P. and Dhoest, A., 2021. Students’ Perceptions of the Adoption and Use of Social Media in Academic Libraries: A UTAUT Study. Communicatio47(1), pp.76-94.

Crime Victims And The Right To Punishment | Criminal Law

Criminal Law
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Introduction

The primary discussion in this research study is regarding the crime victim and their status as well as their inherent right to perceive the punishment offered. A large number of debaters have spoken in favour and against the fact that victims have moral right to see victimizers being punished. This is referred to as the right to punishment. In this case the model of the Lockean style of right to punishment will also be used to distinguish this kind of right and its mortality.

Discussion

Right To Punishment

in regard with the consideration of the right to punishment there two primary questions. Forcedly what is the way to understand the supposed right to punishment of the crime victim and secondary what are the elements involved in the way in which the right can justify the reaction of the frustrated victim. For evidence the frustration level of the victim might be more than at par based on which the individual might want extreme outcome for the victimizer although the crime on the basis of the national or basic model code of punishment be not pertaining to such a capital form of punishment. However, the divisor is also true. This is the reason why justification of this right is important. In the earlier half of the century victims had very little legal rights to be informed and remained present and also heard about the system for criminal justice (Equalityhumanrights.com, 2021). They did not have to be notified about the court proceedings or arrest or release of the defendant and in fact there was no right to attend trials and other proceedings. Therefore, it was associated with exercising their right of making a statement to the court during sentencing and another hearing. Moreover, the programs for victim assistance were actually not existent said essay helper. This is the reason why the debate regarding the right to punishment and for visual authorisation to victims to inculcate and modify the course of hearing has been called upon. In this space the primary rights for the victims of crime involve the right to be treated with care and as well as sensitivity and dignity and respect. It is followed by the right to remain present and also attend all criminal justice proceedings (Rights and Law, 2021). The right also includes the authority of being heard in the process of criminal justice including right of conferring with prosecutors and submitting victim impact statements during sentencing or petrol or a similar kind of proceedings the rights also include the right to be informed and other forms of information. However, during the court proceedings or in the after stage of being victimized the right of protection from being intermediate and harassed now also in first to the victim in addition with the right of restitution from offender and the right of privacy (Sagepub.com, 2021). The right to apply for compensation being a crime victim can also be highlighted in this regard. The right to expeditors returns of the personal property seized as evidence when possible can also be documented in this regard in addition with the right to speedy trial as well as proceeding which is free from any unreasonable delay (Judiciary.uk, 2021). Right to enforcement of all the above-mentioned rights and access to other available remedies can also be encapsulated in this regard. Nevertheless, an appreciation of being offered these rights requires the tag of victim of crime. Victim in this case are people who individually or collectively might have suffered harm which can include physical or mental harm and injury followed by emotion of suffering or any kind of substantial improvement with economic laws of the fundamental rights which are offered to the individual as an individual or group by the code of justice of the country by means of different legal act and omissions with violent criminal law operative within the country (Hls.harvard.edu, 2021). Again, any individual might be considered as victim under declaration irrespective of whether perpetrator is identified or apprehended or prosecuted or convicted and irrespective of the familial relationship existing between copy treated as well as victim. victim is a term which is coined for including whenever it is appropriate for immediate family or dependent or even direct victim and people who suffer harm in kind of intervention to assistance of victims in distress or prevention of the process of victimization (Assets.publishing.service.gov.uk, 2021). As per essay rewriter The provisions in this regard might be applicable to all without any distinction of any form like a race or color or sex or age or language or religion and nationality or political or another opinion or cultural practices are property of birth or family status ethnic and social origins or disability.

Access To Justice And Fair Treatment

Victims are required to be treated with compassion as well as maintaining respect to their dignity. They are also entitled to access to mechanisms of justice as well as prompt redressal, as provided in National legislations for any kind of harm that they might have undergone. Judicial as well as administrative mechanisms of the UK are already established however it should be still strength and wherever required for enabling victims to obtain redressal with formal as well as informal process which will be expeditious As well as fair and inexpensive as well as accessible. Victims need to be informed regarding rights in getting redressal by means of this kind of mechanism. responsiveness of administrative processes of needs of victims has to be facilitated by informing victim’s regarding roles and their scope as well as timing and progress on proceedings of the disposition of cases especially where their involvement of serious crime and where they request such information (Equalityhumanrights.com, 2021). It also includes allowance of view and concern of victims to remain present and consider appropriate stages of proceedings wear the personal interests have been impacted without prejudice to the accused as well as consistent with some relevant National criminal justice infrastructure. Provision of proper assistance to victims throughout the legal proceeding is also a part of access to justice and fair treatment. The same is also manifested by taking measures for minimization of inconvenience caused to the victims along with maximum effort towards protection of their privacy whenever required and ensuring safety and security of them and our family is as well as the witnesses who are to be presented during the preceding on their behalf for prevention of their intermediation as well as a retaliation. Awarding the unnecessary delay in disposing cases and executive orders granting award to victims and punishment to the victimizer is also a segment of fair treatment. Informal mechanism for resolution of dispute in cooperating mediation as well as arbitration and the customary justice for the religious practices need to be practiced where it is appropriate to facilitate conciliation and redressal for the victims (Binghamcentre.biicl.org, 2021). To get information for your tuition assignments, take assistance from ArabEssay online assignment help experts

Access to justice is a very basic principle associated with the rule of law which states that the absence of access to justice creates a situation where people’s voices are not heard and their rights cannot be exercised properly. It is also most likely to increase discrimination which will hold decision makers accountable for the situation (Un.org, 2021). Inaccessibility registers have become a vigorous issue internationally and it has been identified that over the years the access to justice in various countries have decreased significantly. In recent years it has been recognised that the abundant growth of inequality and decline in state support have impacted the access to justice in the United Kingdom and in the USA. henceforth, increasing the need for finding urgent solutions in order to protect people’s rights. it has been identified that in the UK majority of the population is unable to afford the justice system. In accordance with the studies made over extended periods that includes factors prior to the legal reform of 2013 highlights around 80% of the people are left unrepresented in family courts where 80% of the defendants of country courts and 75% of individuals in terms of adoption cases goes unpresented. Inequality is identified as the major reason behind people’s inability to access justice. This course has become the highest barrier for accessing justice which is now at its highest level and is recorded to grow rapidly. The world economic forum identifies inequality is most likely to manifest in the upcoming 10 years. Inequality is considered to impact stress level, education, hills along with social cohesion via various pathways. For instance, inequality practice will prove it will impact the health of children and education through various range of processes that will include parental psychological along with physical wellbeing, feelings of injustice, epigenetic regulation and residential segregation. In accordance with a study that included 1020 adults it has been highlighted that almost 31% of individuals living in the UK dealing with legal issues suffer from stress related to physical illness as an outcome. Also assignment helper identified that the judiciary that exerts power over society is generally composed of individuals belonging from the well their part of the population. In concern with the aforementioned factor the report published in 2017 by JUSTICE for the third year has raised function in terms of the UK judiciary. In accordance with the report the judiciary of the specific country is generally dominated by white it and men that are educated privately even after the measures taken for 10 years in order to enhance diversity. Therefore, it can be said that progress has remained stagnant. On the other hand, the report also highlights that in terms of diversity the UK remains to be significantly worse when compared to other European countries and common law jurisdictions. However, steps are being taken for improving the representatives associated with the legal workforce. For instance, plans have been announced by the Inns of Court in order to bring improvement in diversity by conducting activities that encourage individuals belonging from non-traditional backgrounds (Selita, 2019). 

The Lockean Strategy

In this section it is possible to address in an indirect way accounting for the frustrated crime victim and the reaction of the individual. it is not a direct way of creating appeal to the rights to provide punishment as highlighted in the previous section however it is a different form of right. According to this model individuals in any pure state of furniture have the right of function with those who victimize them and they in fact also have the authority of punishing others if they are found to victimize any other person. this right can be perceived as a negative authorisation against third parties and against the offender perhaps not to interfere with the retaliation of the victim against offenders. Furthermore, one of the essential elements in transforming state of nature in civil society and as such of social contract is that individuals should transfer their right to punishment to the state. Therefore, there remains no longer any entitlement of sitting private revenge for the wrongdoings under which they have suffered however trust state to provide the same by any feasible and generic means of criminalization as well as punishment which is transparent and hence known to the victimised. Assignment help online experts said, In case if the state fails to provide punishment, it reneges on the expert’s bargain with the victim in the context at any rate if it also insists on provision as well as punishment of the private retaliation of the person (Iep.utm.edu, 2021).

In this case it should be evident that this kind of punishment explains the reason why frustrated crime victims have reason for the resulting state for failure of criminalising or punishing provided it has also prevented his or her attempts of private retaliation. Nevertheless, it in itself explains why this kind of reason is actually considered against the state only and not against the fellows of an individual instead of nature as long as they are just refusing to punish the victimizer of an individual or help one in punishing him oneself. Yet this model does not provide the literal explanation of the rights to punishment and the proper justification to responsibility of the crime victim and in regard with the crime victim getting justified inference to the aspect of being criminalised (BĂNICĂ, 2019).

It can be supposed that in a state of nature an individual might attempt punishing the villain who had victimized him or her and for some purpose any stranger interferes with the activity. The interference of the stranger might possibly be wrong in context to the victim. In this context the primary problem with this model is that it cannot account in the sense that it was clearly the failure of the state to punish the wrongdoing of the victim. Right to punishment should be understood in a positive sense in an interview assignment maker said. On the basis of this theory, it can be understood that it is ultimately active inference and interference having private retaliation in mind which gives the form to resentment and not merely the failure to give punishment. For as it has been stated in the initial part of this research study the state provides the management which does not satisfy the urge to punish in the mind of the victim then the same aspect is also applicable (Buckner, 2019). After all, the theory does not apply to the positive right to punishment. Explanation of the reaction of the president prime with him is indirectly appealing on the contrary to the negative right to non-interference of the victim with his or her respective retaliation. In this case it can be supposed that the victim is not capable of seeking private retaliation for reasons that themselves incorporate a no violation of any form of right of his or her and that the state would not have prevented him from doing so if he would have been capable of doing so. It is hard to perceive how the above-mentioned model might account for the victim’s grievance in this case in which the state is simply different from punishment. According to this model the right to punishment might also be perceived as a right to reproductive nature of the response to the crime by the state, something which might not be accomplished through private retaliation and can hardly exist in all states of nature. Any crime victim will not simply want the offender to receive significant treatment but also perceive the punishment to be legalised as well as generalized and become official and condemnable. To this extent, the frustrated reaction of the victim is because non-occurrence of this condemnation is difficult to perceive how it makes sense on the basis of the Lockean view (Shoham, 2018).

In terms of England, Wales and the United States over the years the roles played by victims in the criminal process have evolved considerably in terms of common law jurisdictions. However, these developments notably vary between the jurisdictions. The role of victims in England and Wales and in the United States have generally emerged from similar historical background the traces of which can be found in the societies of the 13 century which later evolve and develop under a common law system. However, in accordance with the common law the role of victims in the criminal process have faced various changes until the mid-19th century when private prosecutions were invented and where victims can be directly involved in the decisions associated with prosecution. On the other hand, from the maid 19 century conflict against the accused was taken over by the state and victims were majorly excluded from criminal processes. However, in the last few decades an active role has been taken by the crime victims in the criminal process which is prominent in England and Wales and in the federal American jurisdiction in a paper do my assignment professional expressed. Majority of the changes have taken place in terms of legislative documents and policies over the years in order to include crime victims in the criminal process. legal scholars have categorized victim rights into two parts which includes service and procedural rights. Service rights generally include initiatives that are aimed to provide victims with better treatments and experiences in terms of the criminal justice system and include rights such as a right to information on notification, assistance for victims who are vulnerable and compensation. On the other hand, procedural rights are controversial when compared with the formal right as it provides and victimizes the active role in terms of the decision-making process. This right includes opportunities to provide information or even viewpoints of the victims of their opinions to the criminal justice agencies and courts while making important criminal justice decisions associated with prosecution, custody, bail, sentencing, licence decision making and parallel release. However, rights that are generally recognised in England and Wales consists of service rights which have developed outside criminal proceedings and primarily includes rights to information and notification involving every stage of the criminal proceedings or process. Alongside the rights of assistance especially for vulnerable victims and compensation schemes are also recognised in different legislative documents and versions of the victim’s rights and codes of practice for victim crime which often operates outside the proceedings of criminal courts. However, even if these rights create duties in terms of criminal justice agencies, they do not conflict with the defendant rights. On the other hand, enforcement mechanisms that are associated with addressing cases focusing on victim right breaches in England and Wales generally consist of administrative mechanisms for instance complaints processes, judicial reviews and ombudsman processes which also operate outside of criminal proceedings (Manikis, 2019). However, an individual who has the right to exercise victim’s rights is generally defined by the federal, state or tribal code (Victimlaw.org, 2021). 

Conclusion

It has been identified that participation of crime victims in critical criminal justice proceedings where victims play a proactive role in the process is an important factor in enhancing victim benefits for providing justice. The study identifies that inequality or serving of injustice impacts victims majorly in terms of both psychological and physiological health which can degrade societal conditions adroitly. Therefore, in order to enhance living standards, it is important for the judiciary to consider or develop access to justice and fair treatment and hence the right to punishment evidently. 

References 

Assets.publishing.service.gov.uk. 2021. Available at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/228560/8469.pdf (Accessed: 25 January 2021).

BĂNICĂ, A.M., 2019. LOCKEAN INFLUENCE ON WILLIAM CONGREVE’S THE WAY OF THE WORLD. InterCulturalia 2018, p.275.

Binghamcentre.biicl.org. 2021. Available at: https://binghamcentre.biicl.org/documents/2104_the_rule_of_law_for_citizenship_education_understanding_justice_lesson_4_access_to_justice_and_fair_trial_79-109.pdf (Accessed: 25 January 2021).

Buckner, C., 2019. Rational inference: The lowest bounds. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 98(3), pp.697-724.

Equalityhumanrights.com. 2021. Article 7: No punishment without law | Equality and Human Rights Commission (2021). Available at: https://www.equalityhumanrights.com/en/human-rights-act/article-7-no-punishment-without-law#:~:text=1.,time%20when%20it%20was%20committed. (Accessed: 25 January 2021).

Equalityhumanrights.com. 2021. Available at: https://www.equalityhumanrights.com/sites/default/files/following-grenfell-briefing-access-to-justice.pdf (Accessed: 25 January 2021).

Hls.harvard.edu. 2021. Available at: https://hls.harvard.edu/content/uploads/2011/09/michele-materni-criminal-punishment.pdf (Accessed: 25 January 2021).

Iep.utm.edu. 2021. Locke, John | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2021). Available at: https://iep.utm.edu/locke/ (Accessed: 25 January 2021).

Judiciary.uk. 2021. Available at: https://www.judiciary.uk/you-and-the-judiciary/sentencing/ (Accessed: 25 January 2021).

Manikis, M., 2019. Contrasting the Emergence of the Victims’ Movements in the United States and England and Wales. Societies, 9(2), p.35.

Rights, Y. and Law, N. 2021. No punishment without law – Liberty, Liberty. Available at: https://www.libertyhumanrights.org.uk/right/no-punishment-without-law/ (Accessed: 25 January 2021).

Sagepub.com. 2021. Available at: https://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/5144_Banks_II_Proof_Chapter_5.pdf (Accessed: 25 January 2021).

Selita, F., 2019. Improving access to justice: community-based solutions. Asian Journal of Legal Education, 6(1-2), pp.83-90.

Shoham, Y., 2018, July. Lockean Toleration: an Interweaving Strategy of Argumentation. In Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy (Vol. 69, pp. 381-386).

Un.org. 2021. Access to Justice – United Nations and the Rule of Law (2021). Available at: https://www.un.org/ruleoflaw/thematic-areas/access-to-justice-and-rule-of-law-institutions/access-to-justice/ (Accessed: 25 January 2021). Victimlaw.org. 2021. VictimLaw – Victims Right (2021). Available at: https://victimlaw.org/victimlaw/pages/victimsRight.jsp (Accessed: 25 January 2021).

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Group Decision Making

Group Decision Making
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An effective group carries out various tasks or function to perform its work and ensure member satisfy in all the stance and show team spirit. Different task function is very crucial in the life cycle of a group. In any organization, managers use groups decisions for several reasons out of which one is a synergy that occurs when group simulate the new solution and on other is bringing knowledge and experience to the problem-solving activities

At times group decision can be predicted when comparing the initial view of group members. The simple relationship between the group simulation and the final decision result can be predicted from the social decision scheme. It is well known social decision scheme estimates group decision as much as 80% of all the time. 

One social scheme majority based on the win-win rule suggested whatever position taken by the team lead will be supported by the members. Another scheme is the truth win scheme that suggests correct decision will appear as several members start realizing their appropriateness. Amid the two-third win, the rule shows a two-third member of the group favoured the decision being made by the team lead. 

At lasts, the final shift riles states members supported the decision also represented first shift in the opinion shown by the member. In this direction, there are different ways group decision will be made, however, the group decision-making process comes with lower satisfaction at many times and currently studies have been made to know what rule must be used in a particular situation(Herrera-Viedma et.al, 2017). For instance, researches revealed majority win rule is used most often in the judgement tasks whereas the truth wins rule when the tasks in intellectual ones. Therefore it can be said there are different aspects of the group decision-making process and related advantages and disadvantages covered under the article.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Group Decision Making

Group decision making also involved several advantages and disadvantages as predicted by the assignment maker

The Advantages Include

More knowledge and experiences involved in group decision through a pooling of group resources(Belošević, et.al, 2018)

Increased acceptance towards decision making 

Great understanding of the decisions made

Increased commitment towards the business operative function

Some Major Disadvantages Include-

Pressure within the group to confirm the decision

Dominating the decision forcefully by the leader

The amount of time required would be higher as the group decision-making process is relatively slower

Several empirical studies concluded, effective decision making process largely depends on the substantial task or type of the tasks allocated. For instance, judgement tasks would require prediction and estimation of all superiority and breadth of experiences that multiple members can bring about. There is some study that has shown group who work till long period tends to be most competent 70% of all times. This study says the experience is a viable element that has to consider when comparing the effectiveness of individual and group decision making. To know more, get plagiarism-free essay help from ArabEssay experts anytime.

Limitation Of Group Decision Making

Two potential liabilities have been discovered under the group decision making process one is groupthink and other group polarization-

Group Think-  One such liability of the cohesive group is the development of groupthink. Most of the cohesive group tends to identify the solidarity as such members identify strongly within the group(Gomes, 2018). The majority, high ranking teams who decide without outside help are prone to groupthink. A group member pertaining suffering from groupthink show the following symptoms-

The illusion of invulnerability where group tends to feel they are above the criticism

The illusion of morality when group feel they are always moral during executive actions

The illusion of unanimity when silence constructed as acceptance

Stereotypic as per the evil perspective

Peer pressure experiences among group members

Self-censorship when group members don’t feel like expressing their doubts

Mindguards

Group Polarization- 

This shows discussion among the group made risker decision and acceptance of greater risk. Individual who is initially favour the issues showing an opposite reaction. This shift of position in the view called group polarization.

Group polarization exerts greater influence over group decision making, one such explanation is evident at the time of analyzing social schemes. Prior to the group decision, a member thinks he or she holds a better view than others(Proietti, 2017). 

A group polarization leads to the adoption of extreme views, which in some cases can be disastrous. To know more about group polarization and its impact on organizational development, get online assignment help from ArabEssay anytime.

Techniques To Approach The Right Group Decision-Making Process

Brainstorming- This is a weapon for a manager for generating alternatives. The ideas behind using brainstorming are giving space to many ideas spending much time in the evaluation until all the ideas suggested being gathered.

Nominal Group Techniques- This is a highly structured approach reflecting generating alternatives and choosing one known as nominal group technique.

This involves the following techniques-

Individual silently list their ideas

Ideas will be written on the chart when it is being gathered

Discussion is permitted just to clarify the ideas

A written vote is included 

Devils advocacy – Here a group is given the role of critic. It would help the organization to avoid costly decisions also identifying potential pitfalls in advances

Dialectical inquiry- It is an essential debate between the two sets of recommendation. When using this technique, make sure a win-lose attitude guarded with loss of concentration far-reaching to get the most effective solution. You can also adhere significant information in regards to group decision making from ArabEssay essay helpers

Conclusion

For centuries group decision making came into role play bringing effective decision and enhances the company’s productivities that bring with group dynamics. Here in this article, we have enlisted the advantages and disadvantage of the group decision-making process that includes Increased acceptance towards decision making and a Great understanding of the decisions made also sometimes dominating the decision forcefully by leader incidence evidently decreasing group decision effectiveness. Using brainstorming, nominal group techniques company can reduce the impact of group think and group polarization.

References

Belošević, I., Kosijer, M., Ivić, M., & Pavlović, N. (2018). Group decision making process for early stage evaluations of infrastructure projects using extended VIKOR method under fuzzy environment. European Transport Research Review, 10(2), 1-14.

Gomes, P. F., Reia, S. M., Rodrigues, F. A., &Fontanari, J. F. (2019). Mobility helps problem-solving systems to avoid groupthink. Physical Review E, 99(3), 032301.

Herrera-Viedma, E., Cabrerizo, F. J., Chiclana, F., Wu, J., Cobo, M. J., & Konstantin, S. (2017). Consensus in group decision making and social networks.

Proietti, C. (2017, September). The dynamics of group polarization. In International Workshop on Logic, Rationality and Interaction (pp. 195-208). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Effectiveness Of Humour In Advertisements

Humour In Advertisements
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Introduction

Humour grabs the majority of our attention. This is why humour is used in advertising. Humour provokes laughter. Laughter is a critical aspect of human psychology. Laughter creates the channel for processing various kinds of information ranging from funny stimuli to situations where laughter is the only possible reaction in spite of tough circumstances. People are constantly becoming busier over their smartphones (Núñez-Barriopedro et al., 2019). Distraction with some or the other aspect is a common thing. Under the scenario on the television advertisements are using more humour with added frequency in order to catch the attention of the customers. The humour is intended to grab the initial attention of the customer and it is expected that after the customer watches the inter advertisement, he or she will enjoy the imbibe humour and favour the brand name in future purchase. The effectiveness of humour in modern advertisements and its accountability towards making the product successful in the market, will be discussed as a part of this research.

Largest number of organisations take resort in bold and humorous television advertisement campaign. The objective behind this kind of advertisement is to project the same in front of a large audience base like ok the audience of a super bowl or that of a season finale or any popular show. in the end long and hilarious advertisement campaign becomes a significant element of popular pop culture and becomes reminiscent within our daily vocabulary. In this regard an example can be provided (Koneska et a., 2017). We can speak of Geico caveman who is the mayhem character from Allstate. We can also speak about the old spice muscle man. Humour into advertising campaigns can create lasting impressions on the consumer awareness process.

Reason Behind Successful Humour

The way of adding humour into any advertisement campaign helps the brands to create emotional connectivity with the consumers. Humour is an element which evokes emotions and elicits positive psychology with provocation. This always creates a positive impression. It also enables the consumers to connect themselves with the television commercial and in the later stage find themselves associated with the product. The reaction of customers towards the human element of advertisement makes it effective. In the first online essay writer defined,the capability of humour in attracting the customer is encashed by brands. In the next stage humour associates positive emotions elicited from the commercials developed by a brand. In the end it also helps in creating a lasting impression.

In 1993, the journal of marketing developed research study to understand the impact of humour in advertising. The research study delineates that humour is likely to increase recall, evaluate and purchase intention when various humorous messages coincide with the objectives of the advertisement. After integration with the objectives humour seems to be appropriate with the contextual product category (Ivanov et al., 2019). In such situations, humorous advertisements seem to be more likely and safer in terms of establishing attention and connectivity with the people and therefore increase the memorability and increase sales. Psychological resistance is eradicated by using humour and persuasiveness in favor of the product is also created.

Humour of advertisement helps in connecting customers to any product which seems to be going dry in the market or a simple niche product on the paper. Evidence can be provided in this regard. An organisation selling natural and organic beauty products might extract only a specific section of the wide target population. Nevertheless, the same brand can increase the brand awareness in order to assimilate greater sections of the community by developing a creative as well as viral product campaign which is funny also (Primanto and Dharmmesta, 2019). In case if the products are not popularised in the initial step, the popularity of the advertisement will enable people to share the advertisement in social media and therefore the product will also become popular. This is how the market base of the organic and natural beauty product will grow.

Majority of researchers are in favour of using humour in advertising. On the contrary they always suggest that humour should be used in advertisements with utmost care and caution. Some examples of improper use of humour can be cited to stand the cause. In UK television the video of a man vomiting a wet dog and depending on breath mint for avoiding dog breath was completely banned. The committee of independent television commission received about 900 complaints against the advertisement after which it was put down in the UK and Ireland. Instant plagiarism free assignment help driven by ArabEssay is also seek by students for sequencing advertisement  brief.

Specimen Of Humour In Advertising

Some companies have used humour in the advertisement with absolute success. The human element makes their products popular in the global face.

Geico is a brand which initiated their journey in 2004 as an insurance organisation. A series of individual advertisements was created as a part of the campaign. The tagline used for the advertisements was that using Geico was so easy and that even a caveman could do it. The commercials portrayed people dressed up in the form of Neanderthal looking cavemen. They appear immediately when the tagline flashed in the advertisement (Dore, 2018). However, the hilarious part of the advertisement was that the caveman appeared upset and felt offended to be used as a prop for the organisation.

The television commercial became extremely popular. The popularity reached such a level that a separate television series of shows entitled Caveman was released. The television series did not air for a long time. On the contrary the fact that a simple advertisement had the potential to develop itself as a prime-time television show on a popular network proves how successful it was.

Consumers could easily connect with the fun and humorous intention of the advertisement and the innovative tagline. The comedy done by the actors dressed up as cavemen in the commercial, also made the advertisement hilarious. The contrast of their activities as cavemen in the modern times, generated strong affinity among people towards the advertisement. In a term paper help, it was once defined The cavemen were called upon in modern setting like fine dining restaurant or television studio.

Allstate is the developer of the famous propaganda of the mayhem advertising campaign. Although the television campaigns of other brands like State Farm or Geico were expensive, Allstate created a commercial which was comparatively cheaper (Caulfield et al., 2020). In June 2010 the campaign was on air. In less than one year, the company became owner of the winning industry award for developing a not so intelligent however smart marketing campaign.

In this series of television commercials, the actor Dean Winters, played the role of Mayhem, who is a character with the capability of becoming something that could cause damage to the personal property of the individuals. In one of the exclusive commercials, Mayhem is seen to be becoming the blind spot of a car. In another commercial we find him becoming a house made slipping and falling down from stairs. in another advertisement he is seen to be becoming a wild deer in the forest. The hint of what is to be henceforth perceived in the advertisement is evident in the winter setting. In this case the tagline is that with a car trade insurance the consumers would be liable to cover the huge damage caused (Eisend, 2018). However, if they choose to accept services from Allstate, then they will always be protected from elements like Mayhem.

Old Spice

This advertisement featured a group of previous NFL players. The series of commercials was developed by old spice where the company featured muscular men who were wearing only lower garments or some bath towels, promoting the old spice products including body wash or deodorant or body spray. In advertisements portraying Isaiah Mustafa, the advertisement begins by addressing the ladies and using quick and staccato sentences about how men should smell like him. Old Spice later signed Terry Crews, when the commercials became more outlandish. He usually screened over the screen such that something nonsensical has happened like his brain is coming out from his head or he is bowling with his head (Riecken and Hensel, 2020). He also portrayed the muscular upper part of his body and posed before the camera flexing his pectoral muscles.The commercial campaign of Old Spice generally used a humorous and catchy whistle blowing at the end of the commercia. For other such significant humorous advertisement purposed, choose instant assignment help anytime.

Some significant and memorable humorous advertisement campaigns in recent time have accounted for great success. In this regard it can be highlighted that in recent times irrespective of the size and marketing budget of the company, organisations have incorporated humour whether by means of broadcast or print or simple online release. The consumers from their end have exhibited that they enjoy this kind of humorous advertisement. Consumers have not experienced the humorous advertisements negatively and they have been able to easily connect emotionally with this kind of advertisement. This emotional connectivity increased their futuristic engagement with the brand and accounted for consequent purchase of the same products in future time. use of humour in advertisements have been manifested on a larger scale by using social media platforms for release of this kind of advertisement video. An example can be provided in this regard. In case of an organisation like Cisco selling 1 million dollars’ worth of computer routers, it will be difficult to develop a commercial in unison such that it will appeal only to the section of hard-core technical programmers. This is the reason why the organisation thought creatively and beyond the margin of their product to develop something which became a massive hit and created a significant appeal to the customers section (Wang et al., 2019). Strangely, the use of humour in the advertisement provided scope for development of zero intention of purchasing the product among people other than the target customer’s section. On the contrary this population could influence the specific target segment to purchase the product by sharing the advertisement videos as much possible. Therefore, humorous advertisements are undoubtedly a significant part of advertising activity. Now the important part is to understand how organisations will learn to develop humorous advertisements to enable the pun intended to act in favour of positively impacting the emotion of customers.

The 1996 journal of marketing study examined and accredited the multinational positive impacts of humour on advertising activities. As discussed above, the major outcome of use of humour in advertising is increasing the scope of recalling, evaluating and establishing the purchase intention. This happens because of the coinciding of humorous messages with the advertisement objectives which becomes properly integrated with the objectives and therefore it is perceived as appropriate for the specific product category. As per university assignment help,  This kind of circumstances the humorous advertising is likely to add sufficient attention for increasing memorability and overcoming the predominant sales resistance along with increment in message persuasiveness.

The specimen of poorly implemented humour element in advertisements can be studied in order to demonstrate how the same can be successfully implemented in advertisements. There are a large number of current examples where the humour element has not been implemented to the success of advertisements. There are two popular mistakes because age advertisements using humour elements fail significantly. Mayer et al., (2019), identify that the initial and probably the biggest mistake in this regard is to include too many messages burdening a product with the same. Audiences feel disconnected with the product as soon as the organisation starts doing this kind of thing. For example, it is necessary to avoid the urge of bringing a comedy-based advertisement which has too much product information. Another mistake in this regard is that organisations are not willing to take risk of creativity becoming a little bit edgy. Safe advertisements always attract average outcomes. On the contrary the outcomes are in favour of the advertisements which take a critical chance of creativity in their advertisements. A list of currently failed campaigns can be highlighted. The industry hosts massive discussions so long about the super bowl advertisement of 2009. Advertisement was developed by Sobe beverages, and it is a very prominent example of when humour works against the intention of the advertisement. In The campaign called lizard lake, the organisation recruited Sri NFL players along with computer-generated imagery of lizards and monsters. The creatures were dancing in mockery of the old and famous Swan Lake. There’ve been plenty of reasons why the humour intended in the advertisement did not succeed. Excessive use of computer-generated imagery which seemed to be more then abandoned to the people along with computer enhancement helped the advertisements to lose its originality (Barry and Graça, 2018) The advertisement seemed to be childish and insensible. The football players turned ballet dancers, lizards turned into football players and the improved promotion of the upcoming movie monsters Vs aliens along with excessive product promotion created a mesh, mostly despised by people.

Formulation For Adding Humour In Advertisements

It is a great idea to attempt the inclusion of comedy or humorous elements in advertisements. On the contrary, organisations, on many occasions, have a very difficult time in pulling up any advertisement with the trick of laughter. Almost all marketers think that they are creating a hilarious content when they use the humorous element. In contrast, only a few advertisements are developed by talented marketers who have enough credibility of using humour elements in writing and producing content which can create a very positive appeal to the mass audience. In case of the small and middle-sized organisations it is not likely that they will have advertising agencies like Madison avenue with a high budget and top-notch comedic talent to tap on to. However, it does not imply that there are no other talented writers, exam help professional and producers to help the small companies.

Assuming the fact that there is a scarcity of in-house talent, for running humorous campaigns, it is suggestible that local film schools can be visited and professionals can be enquired. Finding some of the successful senior members of the school with great comedy sense and vision can help in this regard. approaching these kinds of people is easier. They will charge a nominal payment and this is how small brands will find it easier to get hold of this kind of actor. Small brands can also visit the local improv comedy theatres. It is important to scout their performance and identify individuals who have the biggest appeal to the crowd.

one of the pertinent aspects for smaller organisations is that with the help of humour they can create content which will compete with the advertisements developed by the goliaths of the industry. Even a nimble organisation with the Courage to take on risk over a small budget can bring about the difference through advertisement (Yeo et al., 2021). Consumers do not judge the advertisements on the basis of the brand name or their capability. Consumers simply hunt for the funny animated in the advertisement and if the chemistry of the human element is properly amalgamated in the advertisement, find it interesting and attractive.

Humour in advertisements is very sensitive. Therefore, their services depend on the gestures and practical acting of funny and talented people. A commercial that can kill one individual with laughter can be the reason for bad taste for another individual. In this case it is not necessary to target the global audience and only keep the focus to the target segment. Considering the target segment is important to run campaign and focus group data collection for receiving feedback about the perception of consumers regarding the advertisement. researchers highlight that producers and directors develop advertisements on the basis of their own comedy sense. This is the reason why, perhaps the most hilarious element of an advertisement will go unnoticed. On the contrary , essay rewriter  defined the part or the specific scene from the advertisement which was underrated since the launch becomes the biggest hit among the audience. This is the reason why it is important to set some measurable as well as realistic expectations from the launch of all advertising campaigns. The same is applicable in the case of advertisements with humour even if they launched only through the digital platform of the company like the YouTube channel of the organisation. The objective in order to develop humorous advertisements is to create a difference by means of creativity and innovation and setting of goals which will satisfy all kinds of consumers. variety in perception is one of the primary elements of success for humorous campaigns. This is because, once a campaign starts creating a bad taste among the audience it is not possible to save the campaign without a significant change of concept within each (Phua and Kim, 2018). Many researchers have argued that it is necessary to let humorous campaigns run their own course. there will always be some of the other section of people who hate the advertisement in addition to the popular section of people who love it for its content. There will also be another section of people who will not understand the pun intended in the advertisement. This is the reason why natural growth of the advertisement overtime should be focused on.

Integrating Human With Social Media Advertisements

The current time is most viable for all kinds of organisations to use social media for launching new campaigns of humorous advertisements. The reason behind the same is that social media and especially the platform of YouTube is largely perceived as a forum for entertainment only. people generally do not watch YouTube videos for gathering product information however to enjoy the funny elements in the commercials promoting the products. When people are able to relate and they develop their likelihood around an advertisement from YouTube they also develop a profound likelihood of sharing the same video and abiding by the message delivered through the video. In fact, people start sharing the video over online platforms like WhatsApp or Gmail or Facebook. It is viable that small organisations can take chances with funny videos and simply force them on YouTube to perceive the reaction of customers (Barry and Graça, 2018). Most of the researchers note that the majority of this kind of advertisements have failed, however which is the right combination of fun and witty laughter, the video has a greater chance of success as well. In case if success is achieved, small brands will then be able to fight the Monopoly oligopoly of bigger brands without making much financial expenditure.

The latest Cisco campaign of advertisements can be highlighted. The camp is geared around the scheduled announcement of the consumer electronics show. On the contrary while developing the advertisement the advertiser did not have much to work in the form of content. Announcement was made in the form of a teaser. In this case, the marketer could not actually demonstrate what was going on in the advertisement even if there is not even a product to feature. This is the reason he employed the humorous advertisement creating the obsolete television support group where we can watch older television’s talking about how they feel useless when there is new technology available (Pettigrew et al., 2020). We find that one of the televisions say that with the advent of DVR, podcast and tablets, they feel overwhelmed and left out. The advertisement was posted on 3rd December and it garnered about 10,000 views in no time without even a product to promote. This is an eminent example of how humour in advertising can help in promotion of the brand. For latest information, seek online assignment help today.

Conclusion

humour in advertising is not intended to create a magical difference in sales. Most organisations with successful humorous campaigns of advertisements, have the objective of creating brand connection and engagement in mind. In summary it can be articulated that in the context of a humorous advertisement to the customers develop a fondness towards the brand and the product without their knowledge. This is because the majority of the brands are trying to create popular customer favour.

Reference List

Barry, J.M. and Graça, S.S., 2018. Humor effectiveness in social video engagement. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 26(1-2), pp.158-180.

Caulfield, J., Day, M. and Phillips, B.J., 2020. Death in advertising: the last taboo?. International Journal of Advertising, pp.1-23.

Dore, M., 2018. Controversial Humor in Advertising: Social and Cultural Implications. Not All Claps and Cheers. Humor in Business and Society Relationships. London: Routledge, pp.132-145.

Eisend, M., 2018. Explaining the use and effects of humour in advertising: an evolutionary perspective. International Journal of Advertising, 37(4), pp.526-547.

Ivanov, L., Eisend, M. And Bayon, T., 2019. Gendering conversational humor in advertising: an evolutionary explanation of the effects of spontaneous versus canned humor. International Journal of Advertising, 38(7), pp.979-999.

Koneska, L., Teofilovska, J. and Dimitrieska, S., 2017. Humor in Advertising. European Journal of Economics and Business Studies, 3(2), pp.116-123.

Mayer, J.M., Kumar, P. and Yoon, H.J., 2019. Does sexual humor work on mars, but not on Venus? An exploration of consumer acceptance of sexually humorous advertising. International Journal of Advertising, 38(7), pp.1000-1024.

Núñez-Barriopedro, E., Klusek, K.G. and Tobar-Pesántez, L., 2019. The effectiveness of humor in advertising: Analysis from an international scope. Academy of Strategic Management Journal, 18(4), pp.1-11.

Pettigrew, S., Jongenelis, M.I., Jongenelis, G., Pierce, H., Stafford, J. And Keric, D., 2020. Get them laughing to get them drinking: an analysis of alcohol advertising themes across multiple media in Australia. Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs, 81(3), pp.311-319.

Phua, J. And Kim, J.J., 2018. Starring in your own Snapchat advertisement: Influence of self-brand congruity, self-referencing and perceived humor on brand attitude and purchase intention of advertised brands. Telematics and Informatics, 35(5), pp.1524-1533.

Primanto, A.B. and Dharmmesta, B.S., 2019. What happens after they laugh: How humorous advertisements have an effect on consumers’ attitudes, word of mouth intentions, and purchase intentions, with the need for humor playing a moderating role. Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business, 34(2), p.117.

Riecken, G. and Hensel, K., 2020. Using humor in advertising: When does it work?. Southern Business Review, 37(2), pp.27-37.

Wang, Y., Lu, S., Liu, J., Tan, J. And Zhang, J., 2019. The Influence of Culture on Attitudes Towards Humorous Advertising. Frontiers in psychology, 10, p.1015.

Yeo, S.K., Cacciatore, M.A., Su, L.Y.F., McKasy, M. And O’Neill, L., 2021. Following science on social media: The effects of humor and source likability. Public Understanding of Science, p.0963662520986942.

Implementation Of CRM In Tesco Business

CRM In Tesco Business
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Introduction

The essay is going to discuss consumer relationship management in the organisation Tesco. However, consumer relationship management involves the technologies and approach to managing all the interactions and relationships of the organization with its customers. Be that as it may, Tesco Plc is one of British multinational merchandise and grocery retailing company and is headquartered at Welwyn Garden City, in England. However, it is signified as one of the global market leaders of the international retail sector. It is worth mentioning here that the consumer relationship management system in the organization Tesco helps it is in sales management, contact management and productivity management and so on. Be that as it may, the essay is going to portray the concept of consumer relationship management by enlightening the essential attributes of the same. In addition to that the implementation of customer relationship manager in Tesco enlightening the benefits of implementing consumer relationship management by Tesco.

The Concept Of Consumer Relationship Management

When it comes to discussing the customer relationship management system, it can be said that it involves the procedure of dealing with the interactions and communications with both the potential as well as the existing consumers. In addition to that, it is considered as one of the most significant approaches that would enable the company managing and analyzing all its interactions with all its potential, current and past consumers (Serra et al.2018, p.340). Be that as it may, consumer relationship management would help the business professionals in the multinational organizations like Tesco Plc identify the needs of its target audience by tracking feedback as well as managing the consumer service improvisations. In addition to that, the significant objectives of consumer relationship management involve simplifying the sales and marketing procedures along with making the consumer service activities even more effective and successful with providing better consumer services (Loonam et al.2018, p.554).

Turning to the consumer relationship management framework in Tesco Plc, it can be said that it includes the methodology of managing the cooperation and correspondences with both the potential just as the current buyers. Notwithstanding that it is considered as quite possibly the main methodologies that would empower the organization overseeing and dissecting every one of its communications with all its latent capacity, current and past purchasers (Parris et al.2016, p.90). In any case, shopper relationship with the board would help the business experts in the worldwide associations like Tesco Plc distinguish the necessities of its intended interest group with the following input just as dealing with the purchaser administration act of spontaneities. Notwithstanding assignment makers defined that the critical destinations of customer relationship the board includes rearranging the deals and showcasing methodology alongside making the shopper administration exercises considerably more compelling and effective with giving better purchaser administrations (Kumar and Reinartz, 2018, p.762).

The Essential Attributes Of Consumer Relationship Management:

Contact Management:

One of the significant features of the consumer relationship management system is contact management through storing the essential contact information like addresses, social media account details and name in a searchable centralised database. In addition to that whilst the customer relationship management software would offer the functionality of contact management, both the usability as well as layout must be taken under consideration. However, the professionals in Tesco Plc ensure the logical organisation and usability of the needful consumer data in the customer relationship management system (Duque et al.2018, p.788).

Tracking Of Interaction:

The consumer relationship management software is responsible for adding notes as well as tracking consumer interaction details and history in order to document these interactions with particular parameters. Be that as it may, the technology professionals in the global retailing organization Tesco Plc keep on comparing the solutions that would be shortlisted along with paying attention to the way, multiple times a prospect would end up changing hands since they continue moving through the sales funnel of the company. In addition to that, the professionals in this organization select the consumer relationship software which would allow all the essential parties involved in the interaction to collaborate (Chagas et al.2018, p.998).

Leading Management:

The consumer relationship management system is noticed to be responsible for managing the procedure associated with converting the prospects into the potential consumers or leads through scoring, moving and identifying the leads by means of the sales pipeline of the organization (Elfarmawi, 2019, p.89).

Document Management:

The consumer relationship management system is responsible for collecting, uploading, storing and sharing the significant and necessary documents as well as customer information in a centralised database management system resulting in making it easier for the business professionals in Tesco Plc to access the needful customer information more quickly (Gronwald, 2020, p.311). To know more get instant HRM Assignment Help for your assignment today.

The Implementation Of Consumer Relationship Management In Tesco:

It is analysed that organizations would sustain through exploring information assets to keep up client connections all the more proficiently and adequately, just as upgrade their administration quality (Loonam et al.2018, p.554). Be that as it may, customer relationship management is one of the effective administrations and advertising systems that help organizations increment their consumer loyalty, dependability and maintenance to assemble and oversee long haul connections. Subsequently, the motivation behind this exploration project is to quantify the impact of client relationship with the executives and its viability on purchaser conduct. The concerning factors in this undertaking that is going to impact the conduct of clients are deals, innovation, client administrations and consumer loyalty (Chagas et al.2020, p.104). Then again, these variables are the connection among customer relationship management and buyer conduct to comprehend the conduct in the retail business particularly TESCO Company and the way they are going to be impacted by these elements additionally what it can mean for the general insight for TESCO and its clients. In addition, when a client has an agreeable encounter, this help experience will change into another assistance assumption, thus the following experience will be contrasted with the past one. Consequently in Plagiarism free tuition assignments organizations should fulfill the needs and assumptions for clients to offer fulfilling types of assistance and improve the quality of service (Bai and Qin, 2016, p.87).

As organizations gained wider consumer bases, the prerequisite to deal with the connections among business and client turned into a test. In addition to that this analysis has incited the development of innovation to address this prerequisite through a client relationship with the executives’ framework. On the other hand, the customer relationship management framework in Tesco Plc at first began as a data set to sign in the contact data of clients and in the long run developed into a further developed administration device that improved business correspondence (Parris et al.2016, p.90). Be that as it may, the new advancement of consumer relationship management framework set up highlights that expanded the adaptability of following the expectation of the customers. In addition to that,online assignment help experts  analysed that the capability of Tesco Plc of progressively nitty-gritty client records prompted developing interests in consumer relationship management. In any case, it is assessed that roughly 73% of the worldwide retailing associations including Tesco Plc have put resources into customer relationship management framework to modernize their business. However, some business chiefs do not have the conviction that a consumer relationship management framework could influence consumer loyalty and enhance the profitability of them (Ziliani and Ieva, 2016, p.1132).

Be that as it may, one of the most significant implementation strategies associated with consumer relationship management involve enhancement of product and service innovation. Therefore, it can be said that the customer relationship management framework utilization in Tesco continues offering the assessments for creating novel thoughts into important items. On the other hand, the upside of customer relationship management framework utilization gives information that is important to item advancement in order to build up the organization’s monetary advantage. It is needed to be notified in this particular discussion context that, in Tesco Plc the current investigation result may urge the professionals in this company to utilize the customer relationship management framework in their associations to help their administration (Elfarmawi, 2019, p.89). Apart from that, the customer relationship management framework permits the authority to build up their business practice by dealing with the relationship with their clients to help fulfil their requirements.

Be that as it may, the modern evaluation and assessment can add to the writing of Tesco Plc of thought on assorted business system and client assistance models, prompting higher client maintenance and benefit. In addition to that, the business organization Tesco Plc is as yet convinced to embrace CRM framework to make and deal with their relationship with the client (Duque et al.2018, p.788). Be that like it may, my assignment help derived the current investigation result may profit the clients since it offers data that assists purchasers with deciding their critical jobs in the business.Therefore, it is analysed that it enables the business professionals in Tesco generating concern for its consumers as the prime external stakeholders of the business and subsequently prompts the organization to build up effectual business interactions between them. Therefore, the company ends up acquiring increasing profitability, which originates from fulfilling customers (Chagas et al.2018, p.998).

The Benefits Of Consumer Relationship Management By Tesco

It is dissected that associations would support through analysing information analysis for keep up customer associations even more capably and satisfactorily, similarly to update their organization quality. Nevertheless, client relationship with the executives is one of the compelling organizations and promoting frameworks that help associations increase their shopper devotion, trustworthiness and support to gather and manage long stretch associations. Consequently, the inspiration driving this investigation project is to evaluate the effect of customer relationship on the heads and its reasonability on buyer lead. The concerning factors in this endeavor that will affect the direction of customers are bargains, advancement, customer organizations and purchaser unwaveringness (Ziliani and Ieva, 2016, p.1132). On the other hand, these factors are the association among client relationship the executives and purchaser lead to grasping the direct in the retail business especially TESCO Company and the manner in which they will be affected by these components furthermore how might affect the overall knowledge for TESCO and its customers. Furthermore, when a customer has a pleasant experience, this assistance experience will change into another help presumption, subsequently, the accompanying experience will have diverged from the previous one. Thus, associations ought to satisfy the necessities and presumptions for customers to offer satisfying kinds of help and improve the nature of administration (Gronwald, 2020, p.311). As associations acquired more extensive shopper bases, the essential to manage the associations among business and customer transformed into a test. Notwithstanding essay writing help defined this investigation has affected the advancement of development to address this essential through a customer relationship management structure. Then again, the client relationship the executive’s structure in Tesco Plc from the outset started as an informational collection to sign in the contact information of customers and over the long haul formed into a further evolved organization gadget that improved business correspondence. Nevertheless, the new headway of shopper relationship the board structure set up features that extended the versatility of following the assumption for the clients. Notwithstanding that it is dissected that the ability of Tesco Plc of logically bare essential customer records provoked creating interests in buyer relationship the board (Chagas et al.2020, p.104). Get to know more from coursework help online experts of ArabEssay team.

It can be said in this specific conversation setting that, in Tesco Plc the current exam result may encourage the experts in this organization to use the client relationship the board structure in their relationship to help their organization. Aside from that the client relationship the executive’s system grants power to develop their business practice by managing the relationship with their customers to help satisfy their necessities. In any case, the cutting-edge assessment and evaluation can add to the composition of Tesco Plc of thought on the grouped business framework and customer help models, inciting higher customer upkeep and advantage (Serra et al.2018, p.340). Notwithstanding that the business association Tesco Plc is at this point persuaded to accept the CRM system to make and manage their relationship with the customer. Be that as it might, the current exam result may benefit the customers since it offers information that helps buyers with choosing their basic positions in the business. In this way, it is investigated that it empowers the business experts in Tesco producing worry for its shoppers as the excellent outside partners of the business and therefore prompts the association to develop solid business collaborations between them (Kumar and Reinartz, 2018, p.762).

Conclusion

At the end of this essay, it is concluded that consumer relationship management would help the business professionals in the multinational organizations like Tesco Plc identify the needs of its target audience by tracking feedback as well as managing the consumer service improvisations. Be that as it may, the technology professionals in the global retailing organization Tesco Plc keep on comparing the solutions that would be shortlisted along with paying attention to the way, multiple times a prospect would end up changing hands since they continue moving through the sales funnel of the company. In addition to that, the significant objectives of consumer relationship management involve simplifying the sales and marketing procedures along with making the consumer service activities even more effective and successful in providing better consumer services. Then again, the client relationship the executive’s structure in Tesco Plc from the outset started as an informational collection to sign in the contact information of customers and over the long haul formed into a further evolved organization system that improved business collaboration.

References

Bai, F. and Qin, Y., 2016. The implementation of relationship marketing and CRM: How to become a customer-focused organization. Journal of Business & Economic Policy3(2), pp.112-124.

Chagas, B.N.R., Viana, J.A.N., Reinhold, O., Lobato, F., Jacob, A.F. and Alt, R., 2018, December. Current Applications of Machine Learning Techniques in CRM: A Literature Review and Practical Implications. In 2018 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence (WI) (pp. 452-458). IEEE.

Chagas, B.N., Viana, J., Reinhold, O., Lobato, F.M., Jacob Jr, A.F. and Alt, R., 2020. A literature review of the current applications of machine learning and their practical implications. In Web Intelligence (No. Preprint, pp. 1-15). IOS Press.

Duque, J., Varajão, J. and Filipe, V., 2018, June. Success factors of the implementation of CRM systems—A literature review. In 2018 13th Iberian Conference on Information Systems and Technologies (CISTI) (pp. 1-7). IEEE.

Elfarmawi, W., 2019. Correlation between customer relationship management system usage, product innovation, and customer satisfaction. Foundations of Management11(1), pp.23-32.

Gronwald, K.D., 2020. Integrated Business Information Systems. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Kumar, V. and Reinartz, W., 2018. Impact of CRM on marketing channels. In Customer Relationship Management (pp. 237-264). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Loonam, J., Eaves, S., Kumar, V. and Parry, G., 2018. Towards digital transformation: Lessons learned from traditional organizations. Strategic Change27(2), pp.101-109.

Nibsaiya, S., A Study On CRM And Relationship With Customer Satisfaction Towards Reliance Digital.

Parris, D.L., Bouchet, A., Peachey, J.W. and Arnold, D., 2016. Change is hard: Overcoming barriers to service innovation. Journal of Services Marketing.

Serra, K.L.O., Matos, A. and Lewis, C., 2018. CRM Profile of SMEs in Puerto Rico and Readiness for Disruptive Events. In ICSB World Conference Proceedings (pp. 1-8). International Council for Small Business (ICSB). Ziliani, C. and Ieva, M., 2016. Customer Relationship Management in a Digital World: Profiling Best in Class Companies. Management in a Digital World. Decisions, Production, Communic

Traditional Vs Digital Marketing A Comparative Analysis

Traditional Vs Digital Marketing
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Introduction

There are reasonable differences between digital and traditional marketing practices. Analysing the differences it is important to interpret which type of marketing will suit the requirement of individual marketer. Digital marketing is constantly evolving. However, the trend of basic popularity in traditional marketing compels marketers to choose this option of marketing. This research will delineate the advantage and disadvantage of traditional and digital marketing in multiple contexts (Kayumovich and Annamuradovna, 2020). In congruence with the relevance of different business and the scope of marketing in individual business domain, is research will create a detailed discussion of multiple approaches of digital and traditional marketing demonstrating their respective importance.

Digital marketing is the use of digital channels like websites or social media as marketing tools for establishing communication with external stakeholder groups. Any social media user should have some across advertisements popping up in the mainstream social media profile of the individual. This is a very basic example of digital marketing. On the contrary, traditional marketing involves the use of traditional channels like printed media or billboard or electronic media. Use of electronic media is versatile as it is a sometimes counted among digital marketing medium and sometimes in traditional marketing medium. On a general note, before the introduction of the digital marketing processes, use of electronic media like television was a still counted among the traditional means of marketing. Speaking of traditional marketing assignment writer think about Don draper in mad men who was a brainstorming about TV commercial ideas and a copy for the Coca-Cola company (FIAMMENGHI, 2019). Until the development of internet across the world vehemently since 1990, use of traditional marketing was the only kind of marketing available for organisations.

Analyzing The Difference Between Traditional And Digital Marketing

The primary difference between traditional marketing and digital marketing is the use of medium through which the marketing message is conveyed to the audience. On one hand, traditional marketing uses traditional form of media like print media which involves magazine and newspaper. In contrast, digital marketing is based on the use of digital media like social media or paid and unpaid websites.

Traditional marketing should not be considered old-fashioned (Bala and Verma, 2018). In spite of the rapid growth of digital marketing in almost all industry, traditional marketing still has the primary role to play in influencing lives of people, even in the face of ever-growing requirements to step out in the digital world.

Significant impact of impactful television commercial and tactile nature of the rolling stone magazine are as important and significance today as it has been twenty years ago, because of the lasting impact it created on the mind of people. On a subconscious level, we are still reminiscent about the impact that it created. We are still attached with the brand on an emotional level implying that the brand loyalty of the company is a still on a high note.

In the same way the aspects of digital marketing equally important. On some cases they are more important than traditional marketing. Digital marketing uses the specific everyday touch points of internet users for reaching customers. An example can be provided. An individual might be searching for best holiday ideas for the upcoming weekend getaway or vacation. There are high level of chances that very soon pop-up advertisement of Sky scanner will show up on the screen (Roncevic, Lukcic and Spoljaric, 2019). Using internet for multiple casual and work purpose is every day, is a a must to do in everybody’s lives. Plagiarism free assignment help suggested Digital marketing uses this window as opportunity bye cleverly integrating marketing communication messages through digital channels to reach the customer just when they are in a need for some similar products.

Selection Of Reasonable Marketing Methods

Most researchers argue that the crux to successful marketing is finding the correct balance between traditional marketing as well as digital marketing. In the year 2021, digital marketing is on the forego. None of the organisations can yet disregard the significance and importance of traditional marketing. Both create a very strong impact in the mind of the audience when used together. The example of Guinness can be taken in this regard. Their television commercials have become very famous because of the uniqueness and highly significant cinematography. After twenty years of development the classic 1999 campaign of Guinness is still considered to be one of the most famous television commercials of all times (Kaur, 2017). Even with the legendary status the organisation still had to incorporate relevance in their marketing process and imbibe digital marketing strategies so that did not miss out in a significant marketing scope and opportunity of appearing to any significant target customer segment. GUINNESS stepped out into the domain of digital marketing in order to create appeal towards brother as well as younger audience therefore expanding the target market. In order to increase the scope of digital marketing, Guinness used video content significantly and disbursed the same over Facebook and Instagram. Rather than simply accomplishing marketing goals like refurbishing television commercials the organisation developed the campaigns as the first social video by composing their shots specially with Instagram and Facebook features in mind. The videos were very critically targeted to the audiences of our Facebook and Instagram separately and respectively (Riedler, 2020). As an outcome of the organisation was able to create a visually stunning and highly influential social media campaign exhibit in Compton cowboys who care for their horses in California. Major team of the researchers called their campaign perfectly trendy and highly shareable feed for Instagram.

Advantage And Disadvantage Of Traditional Marketing

The current increase of prominence of social media has led to undermining the importance of traditional marketing methods. However a large number of researchers counterfeit this fact. Traditional marketing still has a critical role to play in everyday life of consumers. In case if companies have the budget to sponsor the campaigns over magazine and television then the campaigns can be very significant. Traditional marketing include outdoor marketing like set up of billboards, posters, vehicle wraps and so on other than that the popular traditional marketing channels include broadcasting of television and radio followed by print release over magazine and newspapers (Minculete and Olar, 2018). Telemarketing with help of phone and text message along with window display and sign is also considered to be critical option of traditional marketing. To know more, get free term paper help from ArabEssay professional team today

Advantages

Traditional marketing is very impactful. It is also very easy to understand. Visually appealing billboards or very significant television commercials are normal aspect of everyday lives of people. People find it easy to digest them and often find them entertaining (FIAMMENGHI, 2019). This have an impact on their subconscious mind which enables them to purchase the concerned products.

Printed Marketing Materials Have Permanent Impact

If there is an advertisement in any of the issues of New York times, then it will be published and circulated until the magazine is recycled.

Content Of Traditional Marketing Is More Memorable

Seeing something in the real life in comparison to that on the phone is likely to be remembered with more impact. Anticipation of the super bowl advertisements or some impressive window display a likely to stay in the mind more in comparison to any Instagram advertisement which are casually scrolled away by people.

Disadvantages

Difficulty In Measuring Campaign

It is very difficult to measure the campaigns over traditional media. There are specific way of measuring traditional campaign like brand cracker however such tool are not highly influential or intelligent like the tools available for measuring the impact of digital marketing (Sherman, 2019).

Often Expensive

If a start-up organisation tries to conduct traditional marketing then it is very viable that it will not have the necessary fund for A4 pages spread advertisement in vogue magazine. The expense of various kinds of traditional marketing is considered to be a critical setback.

Absence Of Direct Interaction With Customers

Unlike the social media and other form of digital marketing, traditional marketing keeps the marketer in the dark regarding the reaction of audience. It makes the aspect of anticipating the outcome of marketing effort difficult in case of traditional marketing.

Advantage And Disadvantage Of Digital Marketing

There is no doubt that traditional marketing has very significant impact. However in contrast we should not forget that we are living in the internet age and currently digital marketing is having very significant and height gauge impact if not greater impact in consideration to traditional marketing. Currently about 60% of global population are about 6 hours and 40 minutes online on an average every day. It is projected that by the end of the year 2021 about the 73% of e-commerce sales will be based on orders placed from digital devices. Therefore it is height and that organisation should you spend significant time and opportunity for clever digital marketing activities (Bailey, 2020). The most important aspect of digital marketing activities is a social media marketing over Facebook or Instagram. As per the instant assignment help professional view, There are other social media channels as well. Website marketing followed by paid and unpaid content marketing constitutes two very important elements of digital marketing. Getting also takes into account the elements like affiliate marketing or inbound marketing. In order to impact pay per click or search engine marketing, it  is also used as a part of digital marketing.

Advantages

Scope For Engagement

Better scope for engagement is one of the greatest benefits of digital marketing. Use of channels like social media enables physical perception of what the audience things about the brand and the marketing campaigns. The marketers are able to understand that give their content is being repeatedly shared and liked and ushered with significant amount of positive comment, then the campaigns would become fruitful in the long run (Key, 2017).

Easy In Measuring The Campaign Outcome

On the flip side to traditional mode of marketing, the elements of digital marketing tracking is exceptionally into the depth. It makes the learning extremely clear for the upcoming round of marketing initiatives.

Helps In Achieving Clever Targeting

Digital marketing creates a hands-on approach to understand customer preferences. For evidence if an organisation has the tools of specifically targeting and understanding demands of a specific demographic criteria of unit customers well they can easily create perfectly tailor-made content and even perfectly customised products for fitting the requirement of the customers.

Disadvantages

Digital Advertisements Are Annoying

It is considered that digital advertisements can be annoying. Sometimes people can simply scroll Facebook home page for perceiving activity of friends. However they will come across a sponsored advertisement for something which the individual has been searching over an e-commerce website or other digital media the last night or day before (Sharma, Sharma and Chaudhary, 2020). It is undoubtedly a disliked activity however in spite of being clever targeting.

Lack Of Permanence

The efforts in digital marketing like use of Google advertisement or promotional email or social media advertisements can be resulting in a fleeting outcome. They are not tangible and this kind of advertisements can be easily ignored. In case if target audience keep on scrolling or clicking on the next page, the advertisement will then be gone from the screen.

Constant Evolution

In order to achieve the major positive impact from digital marketing effort it is important for organisations to acquire greater learning. Individual social media channel needs their own specialist for activities ranging from search engine marketing social media (Roncevic, Lukcic and Spoljaric, 2019). Every channel require professionals to get the best outcome against the content promoted. However grassroots social media marketing campaigns are also a great start for entry level companies.

Competition For Better ROI

Traditional marketing might have evolved in last twenty or thirty odd years. However, all fundamental aspects of traditional marketing remains the same. The marketing techniques used by organisations in the current day depend significantly on the very relevant 4 p’s of marketing. These are product, place, social enterprise. All successful business understands the significance of developing proper sales funnel. Leveraging 4ps of marketing here’s a business to achieve the prospect and customers through any individual sales funnel and perceive the favorable outcomes.

Product: Effective marketing initiatives with proper understanding of the capabilities and limitations of owner product. Any organisation has a good idea regarding whether their product will create high demand in the target market or it will always stay intangible.

Price: Overall cost associated with the product depend on the level of understanding regarding the product. Price always become the determining factor when the elements like supply or demand or profit margin comes into context of discussion (Yang and Jun, 2002).

Promotion: It refers to the strategy for getting the publicity about the product into the market. And helping in promotion of the product and acquiring better visibility comes under the aspect of promotion. Therefore advertisement posted on the billboard is a promotion and setting up Facebook advertisement is also a promotion.

Place: traditional marketing is highly dependent on Getting product in front of target audience at the right time and at the right place. It also imply putting up the right price. In marketing domain, placement has a significant role. Since the product is placed in an ideal location, there is significant chance of converting prospects to customers.

Apparently digital marketing can look different in comparison to traditional marketing in large number of ways. However, it all comes to the differences in the fourth element of the 4 p’s of marketing model, promotion. Digital marketing has great impact as it takes into account the elements in all four p’s of marketing. In fact there is uniqueness in the way digital marketing approaches towards fulfillment of the elements discussed under all four p’s of marketing (Ibrahim, Aljarah and Ababneh, 2020). Researchers state that the way in which digital marketing accomplishes the elements of 4 p’s of marketing is sometimes better than traditional marketing. Get to know more about 4 ps of marketing from essay writing help team of ArabEssay

Downsides Of Traditional Marketing

It is undoubted that traditional marketing still has a very crucial point of impact. It is the biggest platform for immediately taking a product among the largest possible target market. However, researchers nowadays state that with the advent of technology it is possible for marketers to communicate their business with audience in many new opportunities. Investigation of the loopholes of traditional marketing is important. It is now not the only viable opportunity of marketing.

Lack Of Interaction

One of the most obvious and immediate limitation of traditional marketing is that there is seldom any scope of interaction between customers and the medium of marketing used by the marketer. Traditional marketing is undoubtedly the biggest platform for surfacing and broadcasting information towards the target audience (Key, 2017). However the brand building exercise is practiced with the hope of attracting attention of the appropriate people and the wish of converting them into potential customers. It is mostly possible when the medium of marketing used by the market and will have the scope of two-way communication.

Lack Of Control Over Timing

Traditional marketing depends on the promotional methods which has been executed however now cannot be updated. It can be a static release over newspaper or other commercial platform like television. In order to revise the existing information it is important to bring down the previously published information and replace it with a new advertisement. It is not possible to bring about any change or replacement in the old one itself. On an immediate basis it has hardly any impact. In the long run it can however create significant impact. An instance can be in this regard. There can be an organisation which is the running a magazine advertisement for promotion of the latest widget (Riedler, 2020). There can be a major update to the widget which can have significant impact in customer purchase if the same is promoted. However the use of traditional marketing method will make it impossible for the organisation to change the current advertisement which has been on air. In order to do so there will be a huge dent in the marketing budget. It imply that by doing so the organisation will we already incurring great amount of expense.

Higher Cost

Recurring costs in doing traditional marketing can be a significant investment in which you might or might not provide substantial return. The advertisement in local newspaper will be successful and effective if only the target audience see the advertisement on the day when it is published. However there is no algorithm for probability with substantiate that are the target audience will definitely see the advertisement in the newspaper on that specific day. Therefore in order to fill in the gap it is important to put up the advertisement repeatedly which is definitely reason why higher costs are associated with traditional marketing. There is no other alternative also (Sherman, 2019). This is because any organisation would like to ensure that the marketing content developed by them, reaches the maximum possible target audience and creates sales impact. Development and distribution of posters and flyers are considered to be one of the most popular form of traditional marketing. However it is a one-time exposure and again there is a high level of chance that the target audience might not have collected the poster on that specific day. In comparison if the content was published over a website then it would have brought in large number of targeted visitors. Else to know more buy assignment online from ArabEssay to get much detailed information.

In case if it would have fallen into hands of wrong target population they would have employed the word-of-mouth publicity to let the target audience know about the advertisement. In this case there is a little controversy. A set of researchers argue that in case of the print campaign over a newspaper or a poster, the same can also be distributed. For evidence, a new elevation model is published by a company. In order to promote the new product the company creates the posters and distributes them on road. Considering the above logic the poster falls into the hands of an individual who has recently purchased a television. It is evident that he is certainly not among the target customers second. For that purpose, it can also fall into the hands of a person who is not loyal to the specific television brand. He might not have the habit of watching television and rather prefer to buy a costly mobile phone or tablet. In that case even if we cannot do word of mouth publicity he can simply pass the newspaper page or the posted to a person whom he might know to be in requirement of the same equipment or product. Therefore the question arises how it is different from digital marketing and house the scope of word-of-mouth publicity in digital marketing is better. Digital marketing offers a scope of sharing content over a very large audience base (Bala and Verma, 2018). In this case a leaflet or a poster might be shared to maximum two or three people. However that also cannot be possible at the same time. Majority of brands provide offers for limited time period. The means of traditional marketing, by the time the leaflet reaches the hands of targeted customer who would be willing to purchase the product, the company might have pulled up the product line or On the offer. In contrast in case of digital marketing people have the ability of sharing specific content with all their social media friend and acquaintances (Kayumovich and Annamuradovna, 2020). In fact, people outside their friend list can also have a look into the content. This is how if the content is shared simply three to four times, it will be able to grab the attention of a larger target audience  in comparison to traditional marketing.

Conclusion

In conclusion, it can be articulated that digital and traditional marketing have their own place of importance. However it can also be summarised that are considering the needs like rapid promotion and faster word of mouth publicity at minimal and negligible cost, there is perhaps no alternative to digital marketing. Therefore it can also be concluded that small businesses will be benefited by using digital marketing in comparison to traditional marketing. Organisations should attempt to digital marketing if they are not finding significant growth through traditional marketing. The research study has clearly articulated the loopholes of using traditional marketing. There is little risk involved in digital marketing however with great return of interest. It ultimately depends on the business and its promotional needs; digital and traditional marketing processes will be used for maximum possible profit.

Reference List

Bailey, . 2020. Digital marketing vs. traditional marketing: what’s the difference? – 99designs (2020). Available at: https://99designs.com/blog/marketing-advertising/digital-marketing-vs-traditional-marketing/ (Accessed: 19 February 2021).

Bala, M. and Verma, D., 2018. A critical review of digital marketing. M. Bala, D. Verma (2018). A Critical Review of Digital Marketing. International Journal of Management, IT & Engineering8(10), pp.321-339.

FIAMMENGHI, C., 2019. Communication in internationalization strategies, from traditional to digital marketing: the case of Coca-Cola Italia.

Ibrahim, B., Aljarah, A. and Ababneh, B., 2020. Do social media marketing activities enhance consumer perception of brands? A meta-analytic examination. Journal of Promotion Management26(4), pp.544-568.

Kaur, G., 2017. The importance of digital marketing in the tourism industry. International Journal of Research-Granthaalayah5(6), pp.72-77.

Kayumovich, K.O. and Annamuradovna, F.S., 2020. The main convenience of internet marketing from traditional marketing. Academy, (1 (52)).

Key, T.M., 2017. Domains of digital marketing channels in the sharing economy. Journal of Marketing Channels24(1-2), pp.27-38.

Minculete, G. and Olar, P., 2018, June. Approaches to the modern concept of digital marketing. In International conference Knowledge-based organization (Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 63-69). Sciendo.

Riedler, L., 2020. Traditional and digital marketing towards Generation Z.

Roncevic, A., Lukcic, T. and Spoljaric, P., 2019. Impact of traditional and digital marketing on consumer perception. Economic and Social Development: Book of Proceedings, pp.330-340.

Roncevic, A., Lukcic, T. and Spoljaric, P., 2019. Impact of traditional and digital marketing on consumer perception. Economic and Social Development: Book of Proceedings, pp.330-340.

Sharma, A., Sharma, S. and Chaudhary, M., 2020. Are small travel agencies ready for digital marketing? Views of travel agency managers. Tourism Management79, p.104078.

Sherman, S. 2019. Digital Marketing vs Traditional Marketing: Which Produces Greater ROI? (2019). Available at: https://www.lyfemarketing.com/blog/digital-marketing-vs-traditional-marketing/ (Accessed: 19 February 2021).

Yang, Z. and Jun, M., 2002. Consumer perception of e-service quality: from internet purchaser and non-purchaser perspectives. Journal of Business strategies19(1), p.19.

Risk Management And Profitability In Banking

Risk Management
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Introduction

Banks tend to be one of the largest institutions across globe, which deal in finances. In the current era there are different types of banks available, providing different types of commercial services. The most common type of bank is the commercial bank which is involved in the day to day business activities with the individuals & corporate across the globe. Since their dealing is in daily finances, they are further subjected to a number of regulations. One of the many regulations is the requirement of the minimum capital by the banking organisations which must be kept for absorption of loss in case any adverse event happens (Coles, 2020).

The financial liberalization and elevation in the level of business and competition among the financial institutions for gaining market share has further made risk analysis an imperative part.The term risk management in the purview of banking does not imply that banks are not allowed to take risks. It rather sets regulations and safeguarded measures under the purview of risk, as much as the capital structure of the given banking institution might allow at the given point of time(Yaylali & Safakli, 2015).

Understanding Risk Management

Need of risk management in the financial sector has been quite a significant part. Furthermore with the Based II Accord, risk management has further seeped into being a core part n the banking sector. The financial liberalization and further elevation in the level of business and competition among the financial institutions for gaining market share has further made risk analysis an imperative part. There has been further expansion in the credit derivative market as well as there have been newer financial instruments dealt by banks for the changing business scenarios. The credit management has gone to become further complicated in past two decades. A result of these developments in the banking and financial sector, the introduction of risk evaluation has been quite a necessity(Bhati, S. et al, 2020).

Source: (Coles, 2020)

The first major step in the effective risk management process is the identification of the exposures of risks to which a business might be subjected to. The subsequent steps then include the measurement of extent of these financial risks and finally the control and mitigation measures which can be deployed under the purview controlling these risks. At the stage of control university assignment help said  mitigation of risk various regulations set under the purview of BASEL Accord take hold. A number of regulations are further taken into account (Zubairi & Ahson, 2015).

Purpose Of Risk Management In Banking Sector

The term risk management in the purview of banking does not imply that banks are not allowed to take risks. It rather sets regulations and safeguarded measures under the purview of risk, as much as the capital structure of the given banking institution might allow at the given point of time. Banking as nature of business itself deals with numerous risks and avoidance of risks at all would rather result in incurring losses under the purview of these establishments. Thus, main objectives of risk management under the sector of banking include improvement in the overall financial performance of the banks, and preventing the banks form incurring any major loss which it may not be able to accept or cover through its own capital(Srestha, 2017).

A banking business mostly requires a well organized and sustainable system of risk management which can further be adapted to various conditions as per the changing market situations, while also being in compliance with the bank’s structure at the same time along with the employment of its inactive capital into a yielding financial activity. The types of risks borne by the banking business have been expanding with changing financial instruments and changing business scenarios as well(Hallunovi & Berdo, 2018).

Common Risks Factors In Banking

Banks tend to invest in securities as all the market levels, thus there tend to be a variety of risks which they deal with on a day to day basis. These numerous risk can be condensed into two major categories of risks under the purview of a banking business. The following are two main categories:

Source: (Azad, 2018)

Market Risks: The market risks under the purview of a banking organisation are also the macro level risks which they deal in. These are unavoidable in nature, and thus can be a major cause of concern for the banking institutions. The market risks are defined as the risks of losses which occur due to changes in market scenarios of loss of variables in a market. The variables under this purview include changes in rate of exchange, changes in the interest rate risks and changes in the inflationary levels in an economy.

Credit Risk Factors: The external risks on the other hand include the credit risks which primarily tend to occur when the bank tends to take up a role of intermediary on the over the counter trade transactions. In case the counter party in such trade fails to honor its part of payment, the negative side of such risk comes to its play. In a day to day banking business, if a client fails to make interest payment or defaults in the payment of principle amount, the banks may have to bear serious repercussions. Under this purview derived by instant assignment help experts ,the management risks is the key takeaway in this business sector(CFI, 2021).

Operational Risk: these arise from within the institute, and usually tend to be controllable in nature.

Elements In A Sound Risk Management Process

The major elements under the purview of risk management tend to depend on situation of risk which is being dealt in. Since, each situation under the purview of risk can be unique; the risk management fundamentals tend to be adjustable as a case per case basis. The complexity as well as formality tends to vary widely amongst the institutions, each institution under this purview tends to create an assessment procedure for each risk that the organisation deal in, it further helps in evaluation of the performance over time as well.

Source: (Deloach, 2018)

The major elements include the level of accountability, separation of duties as well as clear lines of the authority under the purview of organisational management. The duties of those particularly involved in the purview of management of risk as well as internal control of the banking institution form the major element of this overall process. These elements, along with other time tested elements are involved in the risk management techniques of the organisation.

Process Of Risk Management

The process of risk management involves several stages which must be encountered by a banking institution in to present an analysed reporting of the overall determined risks which are evaluated by the use of appropriate methods of risk measurement. Under this process the regulatory as well as supervisory authorities set up methods of measurements of risk, which the institution might be exposed to in its daily course of business. Once the appropriate risks have been identified, the risk exposures of the business properly need to be recorded. These recorded risks are further formed into risk policies under the purview of the business, which are implemented by the senior management(Acevedo, 2020).

Risk Management In Banks & BASEL Accords

As per the Basel II accord, the banks must function under three major pillars. These pillars are formed keeping the major market risks in focus, which are projected to a bank. Cheap essay help writers of ArabEssay derived to ensure that banks are able to manage their risks, the three pillars laid under this accord include:

  • Capital adequacy requirements
  • Supervisory review
  • Market discipline

The pillar of capital adequacy approach requires for standardised approach as well as internal ratings based approach for the organisation. The method of ‘risk-weighted assets’ is deployed which lays provisions for banks to maintain a minimum level of capital adequacy ratio. Under the standardised approach,banks deploy use of ratings from external sources including credit assessment institutions, for internal approach, banks deploy methods to calculate the probability of default in case of a bank’s debtor (Princeton, 2021).

The other pillar allocates for supervisory review. The supervisory review lays to effective supervision in internal capital adequacy of a bank and a need for the capital structure under the purview of the bank. Supervision is meant to ensure appropriate allocation of capital and intervention at decision making process to ensure appropriate risk levels (Okarimia, 2016). Get to know more about banking supervision from online assignment help experts of ArabEssay.

And finally the pillar of market discipline implies to evaluate the market risks and disclosure of essential market information under the purview of placement of the capital.Furthermore, Basel III Accord has come into purview, providing further revised definitions and techniques of risk management under the purview of banking institutions (Onyiriuba, 2016).

Risk Management And Capital Adequacy

The term ‘capital adequacy’ in an organisation reflects the statutory level of minimum capital reserve which might be needed by a financial institution or investment firm, or the banking institution, to have this available is a minimum level of required capital under the purview of risk weighed assets as well as current liabilities under the purview of the business. In other words, capital adequacy ratio, abbreviated as CAR tends to measure the amount of capital a bank must retain in comparison to the risk taken up by the bank. There are two types of CAR under the purview; the tier 1 CAR persists ensuring that institution can absorb a reasonable amount of loss without any failure to cease its trading, while the tier 2 represents the situations when institution can sustain loss in event of the liquidation. Thus tier 2 presents less protection to depositors as against the tier 1(Maverick, 2018 ).

Even though banks operating under the excessive capital in hand do not present much of problems in terms of risk, it can be problematic for the investors. Assignment writer made a remark on A capital lying idle with the bank is actually a deal of loss for the business. This further results in in a reduced equity and less profitability to banks than it can actually earn(Bhati, S. et al, 2020).

The relationship with risk management to that of capital adequacy is that the potential of risk must be taken in the proportion of capital available with the bank. However, if the larger part of capital is kept idle it would result in reduced profitability and low return on equity. But at the same time, the level of economic capital in bank must be adequate enough to meet the level and amount of losses. Given the point of time, there is also a need to distinguish between the unexpected losses and the expected losses. The part of capital which must cover the unexpected losses arising from the risk is called a venture capital. The capital adequacy ratio in a bank signifies if the credit rating is high, the probability of the bankruptcy of the institution becomes largely low (Yaylali & Safakli, 2015).

Risk Management & Profitability In Banking

Banks tend to be one of the largest institutions across globe, which deal in finances. In the current era there are different types of banks available, providing different types of commercial services. The most common type of bank is the commercial bank which is involved in the day to day business activities with the individuals & corporate across the globe. Since their dealing is in daily finances, they are further subjected to a number of regulations. One of the many regulations is the requirement of the minimum capital by the banking organisations which must be kept for absorption of loss in case any adverse event happens(Maverick, 2018 ).

Going back in history of banking, in the decade of 1970, some disruptions in banking occurred; which ended up affecting the international financial markets. Then, the Supervisory office of the German Federal Banking ended up withdrawing the license of Bankhaus Hersatt, and due to unsettled trade with Bankhaus Hersatt, banks outside Germany had to take up deep losses. Around the same time, New York’s Franklin National Bank also shut it door owing to huge foreign exchange losses. A number of other small localised banking events were also registered, which further led to contributing to the banking regulations reforms under BASEL committee, beginning with central banks of G10 nations(Li & Zou, 2015).

But this did not end the bank & financial disruptions in the coming decades. Latin American debt crisis in the 1980 particularly caught attention of the Basel committee. Further Asian Financial crisis of 1997 and most prominent global financial crisis of 2008 witnessed some stark crash and failure in the banking systems. As per dissertation help professional Creating a domino effect and interconnections of banks due to international trade ended up resulting in global level bank crisis (Okarimia, 2016).

Profitability Of Commercial Banks

The terms profitability under the purview of banking indicates its capacity to be able to either carry risk or increase their capital, indicating their measure of management and competitiveness in the sector. There are internal and external control leading to its profitability and methods like DuPoint Model, return on equity and return on assets help in analyzing the profitability under the purview of the business(Yaylali & Safakli, 2015).

CAR & ROE

Under the purview of study it can be understood that capital adequacy ratio (CAR) plays a significant role in the risk management. However there is not direct affect of it linking to the return on equity (ROE). Rightlythough the idle capital kept under the purview of CAR generates no profits, but given the major risk bearing events under the purview of banks, it cannot be denied that it tends to provide as a major cushion in the case of events leading to losses. So, in the simplest form, it can be ascertained that risk management may not have a contribution in direct profitability of the banks, it definitely does contribute in prevention of losses, or provides as cover from losses that occur due to interconnected or international financial events(Yaylali & Safakli, 2015). At last, if you have any doubt in regards of financial events, take assistance from plagiarism free assignment help of ArabEssay.

Conclusion

The above study has aimed at discovering the relation between the risk management procedure and subsequent affect of profitability in a banking institution.

The study has established that credit management has been becoming quite complicated in recent decades and risk management has become an imperative part of financial institutions to deal with several credit, market and operational risks. The BASEL accord and its provisions which were developed seeing numerous bank crises particularly in the decades of 1970 and 1980 tend to provide some regulations to take a blow in case of occurrence of risk.

In this purview keeping a capital adequacy ratio may lead to some idle capital which tends to lower the return on equity. However, it has been established that risk management may not have a contribution in direct profitability of the banks, it definitely does contribute in prevention of losses, or provides as cover from losses that occur due to interconnected or international financial events.

References

Acevedo, L. (2020). Risk Management Techniques. Retrieved from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/design-audit-policy-plan-18449.html

Azad, S. (2018). Operational Risk: Banking Perspective. Retrieved from https://www.daily-sun.com/arcprint/details/338633/Operational-Risk:-Banking-Perspective/2018-09-26

Bhati, S. et al. (2020). IMPACT OF RISK MANAGEMENT ON PROFITABILITY OF BANKS. Malaysian E Commerce Journal .

CFI. (2021). Managing Risks in Investment Banking. Retrieved from https://corporatefinanceinstitute.com/resources/knowledge/strategy/managing-risks-in-investment-banking/

Coles, D. (2020). How to identify, analyse and manage the risks your business faces. Retrieved from https://www.dandmmanagementaccountants.co.uk/risk-management

Deloach, J. (2018). Key Elements of the Risk Management Process. Retrieved from https://www.corporatecomplianceinsights.com/key-elements-of-the-risk-management-process/

Hallunovi, A., & Berdo, M. (2018). The Relationship between Risk Management and Profitability of Commercial Banks in Albania. Asian Themes in Social Sciences Research .

Li, F., & Zou, Y. (2015). The Impact of Credit Risk Management on Profitability of Commercial Banks: A Study of Europe. Retrieved from http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:743402/FULLTEXT01.pdf

Maverick, J. (2018 ). Why Is the Capital Adequacy Ratio Important to Shareholders? Retrieved from https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/042915/why-capital-adequacy-ratio-important-shareholders.asp

Okarimia, J. (2016). James Okarimia – Basel II Pillar1 Analytics : Covering Credit, Market,and Operational Risks. Retrieved from https://www.slideshare.net/JAMESOKARIMIA/james-okarimia-basel-ii-pillar1-analytics-covering-credit-marketand-operational-risks

Onyiriuba, L. (2016). Applications of Basel Accords in Emerging Economies. Emerging Market Bank Lending and Credit Risk Control .

Princeton. (2021). Basel II. Retrieved from https://www.princeton.edu/~markus/teaching/Eco467/10Lecture/Basel2_last.pdf

Srestha, R. (2017). The Impact of Credit Risk Management on Profitability: Evidence from Nepalese Commercial Banks. SSRN Open Journal .

Yaylali, P., & Safakli, O. (2015). Risk Management in the Banking Sector: Case of TRNC. International Journal of Academic Research in Economics and Management Sciences .

Zubairi, H., & Ahson, S. (2015). BALANCING RISK MANAGEMENT AND PROFITABILITY. PAKISTAN BUSINESS REVIEW JULY .

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