Education is often defined as the process through which an individual is taught about some skill or knowledge. Education can either be conducted in a group setting or in a one-on-one setting.
Education in many cases involves teaching and also includes an educator beyond the presence of the student. It is of prime importance for effective human development. It can help an individual to learn a number of life skills which can be of importance to that individual throughout his or her entire life. There are many other reasons why education plays an important role in human development. And in this academic writing piece, readers will be able to learn about all those vital reasons. However, before proceeding to those discussions it is important for readers to learn more in detail about what is education, its types, and about all important aspects of human development.
What is Education and Its Types?
Education can be defined as the process which constitutes teaching and learning new skills and knowledge. Education also comprises of helping other individuals learn about new topics and providing the necessary support to those individuals regarding any endeavor related to learning which the other individual might have. The task of teaching other individuals to apply the skills or knowledge acquired in the real world is also a vital part of education. Education is one of the most important means through which an individual from one generation pass the necessary knowledge to the other individuals of the second generation. Some of the most common knowledge topics which are passed on socially include learning how to be honest, acts of loyalty, or how to be an effective citizen. It is a well-established fact that individuals who are educated often tend to better in life than individuals who are not educated. There are also different types of education. And some of those different types of education are:
- Formal Education
This type of education is mainly associated with the learning which takes place in schools from all across the globe. In this type of education, an individual learns basic, academic, and trade skills. It is important to remember that even in a classical school setting, formal education does not start until elementary school.
- Informal Education
This type of education is less organized and it could simply be when a parent or a guardian teaches a child about some numbers or other topics.
- Non-Formal Education
This type of education basically includes all skills or topics which adults must be familiar with. This type of education does not take place in school and can include home learning or distance learning.
The Meaning, Objectives, and Components of Human Development
Human development is a complex concept which involves the expansion of all human capabilities, a widening in choices for all individuals, the fulfillment of human rights, and the enhancement of freedom. It is vital to remember that earlier the notion of income was associated with human development. However, that is not regarded as an important part of human development anymore. According to the human development report which was published in 1990, the basic aim of human development is to create an efficient environment which allows all people to enjoy healthy, long, and creative lives. Hence, from this, it can be concluded that human development consists of three main objectives. Those three main objectives of human development are:
- To ensure that one lives a long and healthy life which is free from all type of chronic or other major ailments
- To ensure that all individuals have the necessary access to education and the resources to avail that education
- To make sure that all individuals are able to enjoy a decent standard of living with guarantees the self-respect of that individual and his or her access to the fulfillment of all human rights
These three objectives show that economic growth is only a subset of the entire human development paradigm. According to an economist named Mahbub ul Haq, there are four vital pillars which are regarded as the indisputable components of human development. Those four main components are:
The Importance of Education in Human Development
It has been established before that education plays a vital role in human development for all individuals. However, in this section, readers will be able to learn about the exact reasons why education is important for human development or the benefits which one can get by completing a successful education. And some of those reasons are:
- The Economic Benefit
It is already mentioned above that education and salary packages really don’t always correlate. This is also true when it comes to human development and satisfaction. However, according to various studies, it has been found that individuals with better economic benefits are able to afford better quality essential services which mean that the potential for human development also tends to be higher in comparison of individuals who do not earn that much.
- The Progress of the Entire Society
When everybody is educated then people tend to develop the necessary skills which will allow one to think beyond just his or her needs. This means that an individual will be able to work for the greater good of the entire mankind. This would further lead to the progress of the entire society and not just a specific section of the world.
- Access to the Wider World
Even though all human beings might belong to the same species there are still many differences amongst all members. The most glaring differences are of the culture and the language. This also somewhat limits the possibilities which an individual could be exposed to. However, when an individual is educated then one gets to learn the other languages beyond the native ones. This ensures that people are able to socialize with other individuals belonging to other countries and cultures. This would allow individual proper access to the wider world.
- Figuring Out the Talents and Abilities
It is a very common saying that all individuals have some sort of unique sets of qualities, abilities, and talents. And to explore all those abilities and talents one needs education. This concept of education would act as the necessary weapon for discovering and figuring out all the talents and abilities.
- Finding the Defects
There are many positive aspects and negative aspects of an individual’s personality. And it is not just vital for an individual to discover his or her positive aspects. It is further required for an individual to be aware of his or her negative aspects and constantly work to improve those negative qualities. This can only be done with the help of education.
- Decreasing Poverty and Lowering Crime Rates
Education is seen as the only way through which an individual can escape the vicious cycle of poverty. Further there various surveys and reports which conclude that poverty is the main cause behind an individual committing some sort of crime. If the issue of poverty is solved with the help of education then that can also mean that the crime rates will also be greatly reduced.
Education includes teaching and it is a process through which an individual learns various skills and other topics. Education is vital for human development and there are many reasons why education plays an important role in human development. And some of those reasons include the economic benefits, the progress of the entire society, decrease in the level of poverty, and the lower crime rates.