Advantages And Disadvantages Of Group Decision Making

Group Decision Making

An effective group carries out various tasks or function to perform its work and ensure member satisfy in all the stance and show team spirit. Different task function is very crucial in the life cycle of a group. In any organization, managers use groups decisions for several reasons out of which one is a synergy that occurs when group simulate the new solution and on other is bringing knowledge and experience to the problem-solving activities

At times group decision can be predicted when comparing the initial view of group members. The simple relationship between the group simulation and the final decision result can be predicted from the social decision scheme. It is well known social decision scheme estimates group decision as much as 80% of all the time. 

One social scheme majority based on the win-win rule suggested whatever position taken by the team lead will be supported by the members. Another scheme is the truth win scheme that suggests correct decision will appear as several members start realizing their appropriateness. Amid the two-third win, the rule shows a two-third member of the group favoured the decision being made by the team lead. 

At lasts, the final shift riles states members supported the decision also represented first shift in the opinion shown by the member. In this direction, there are different ways group decision will be made, however, the group decision-making process comes with lower satisfaction at many times and currently studies have been made to know what rule must be used in a particular situation(Herrera-Viedma et.al, 2017). For instance, researches revealed majority win rule is used most often in the judgement tasks whereas the truth wins rule when the tasks in intellectual ones. Therefore it can be said there are different aspects of the group decision-making process and related advantages and disadvantages covered under the article.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Group Decision Making

Group decision making also involved several advantages and disadvantages as predicted by the assignment maker

The Advantages Include

More knowledge and experiences involved in group decision through a pooling of group resources(Belošević, et.al, 2018)

Increased acceptance towards decision making 

Great understanding of the decisions made

Increased commitment towards the business operative function

Some Major Disadvantages Include-

Pressure within the group to confirm the decision

Dominating the decision forcefully by the leader

The amount of time required would be higher as the group decision-making process is relatively slower

Several empirical studies concluded, effective decision making process largely depends on the substantial task or type of the tasks allocated. For instance, judgement tasks would require prediction and estimation of all superiority and breadth of experiences that multiple members can bring about. There is some study that has shown group who work till long period tends to be most competent 70% of all times. This study says the experience is a viable element that has to consider when comparing the effectiveness of individual and group decision making. To know more, get plagiarism-free essay help from ArabEssay experts anytime.

Limitation Of Group Decision Making

Two potential liabilities have been discovered under the group decision making process one is groupthink and other group polarization-

Group Think-  One such liability of the cohesive group is the development of groupthink. Most of the cohesive group tends to identify the solidarity as such members identify strongly within the group(Gomes, 2018). The majority, high ranking teams who decide without outside help are prone to groupthink. A group member pertaining suffering from groupthink show the following symptoms-

The illusion of invulnerability where group tends to feel they are above the criticism

The illusion of morality when group feel they are always moral during executive actions

The illusion of unanimity when silence constructed as acceptance

Stereotypic as per the evil perspective

Peer pressure experiences among group members

Self-censorship when group members don’t feel like expressing their doubts

Mindguards

Group Polarization- 

This shows discussion among the group made risker decision and acceptance of greater risk. Individual who is initially favour the issues showing an opposite reaction. This shift of position in the view called group polarization.

Group polarization exerts greater influence over group decision making, one such explanation is evident at the time of analyzing social schemes. Prior to the group decision, a member thinks he or she holds a better view than others(Proietti, 2017). 

A group polarization leads to the adoption of extreme views, which in some cases can be disastrous. To know more about group polarization and its impact on organizational development, get online assignment help from ArabEssay anytime.

Techniques To Approach The Right Group Decision-Making Process

Brainstorming- This is a weapon for a manager for generating alternatives. The ideas behind using brainstorming are giving space to many ideas spending much time in the evaluation until all the ideas suggested being gathered.

Nominal Group Techniques- This is a highly structured approach reflecting generating alternatives and choosing one known as nominal group technique.

This involves the following techniques-

Individual silently list their ideas

Ideas will be written on the chart when it is being gathered

Discussion is permitted just to clarify the ideas

A written vote is included 

Devils advocacy – Here a group is given the role of critic. It would help the organization to avoid costly decisions also identifying potential pitfalls in advances

Dialectical inquiry- It is an essential debate between the two sets of recommendation. When using this technique, make sure a win-lose attitude guarded with loss of concentration far-reaching to get the most effective solution. You can also adhere significant information in regards to group decision making from ArabEssay essay helpers

Conclusion

For centuries group decision making came into role play bringing effective decision and enhances the company’s productivities that bring with group dynamics. Here in this article, we have enlisted the advantages and disadvantage of the group decision-making process that includes Increased acceptance towards decision making and a Great understanding of the decisions made also sometimes dominating the decision forcefully by leader incidence evidently decreasing group decision effectiveness. Using brainstorming, nominal group techniques company can reduce the impact of group think and group polarization.

References

Belošević, I., Kosijer, M., Ivić, M., & Pavlović, N. (2018). Group decision making process for early stage evaluations of infrastructure projects using extended VIKOR method under fuzzy environment. European Transport Research Review, 10(2), 1-14.

Gomes, P. F., Reia, S. M., Rodrigues, F. A., &Fontanari, J. F. (2019). Mobility helps problem-solving systems to avoid groupthink. Physical Review E, 99(3), 032301.

Herrera-Viedma, E., Cabrerizo, F. J., Chiclana, F., Wu, J., Cobo, M. J., & Konstantin, S. (2017). Consensus in group decision making and social networks.

Proietti, C. (2017, September). The dynamics of group polarization. In International Workshop on Logic, Rationality and Interaction (pp. 195-208). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Cash Flow Statement And Its Nature

Cash Flow Statement

Financial statements expose the ability of an organization to generate cash and its equivalents and certain timing and limits. Information on cash flows is useful in providing and assessing the capability of a company to utilize those cash reserve company posses.

In general term a cash flow statements used in conjunctions with financial statements for evaluating change in net financial assets, an entity is posing as well its ability to affect the timing of cash flow (Kousenidis, 2006).

The cash flow statements are known to enhance comparability of performances of a different organization. This happens because it eliminates different accounting policies for the same events and transactions. It also helps in examining the existing relationship between profitability and net cash flows impacting charging prices.

Cash And Cash Equivalents

Many Essay writer in Saham have said, a cash flow statements provides a brief analysis of cash changes and cash equivalents, there to understand about cash flow statement one should know actual meaning of cash and cash equivalents.

Cash 

Cash of a company comprises hand on hand deposits, liquid investments which can be a later deposit and withdraw on prior notice. For instance, a term deposit with a bank is known as a demand deposit. But if bank charges on premature withdraw of cash, then this term deposit is said to be demand deposit (Subramanyam, 2014).

Cash Equivalents

They are short term and highly liquid investment which are ready to be converted and subject to insignificant changes in risk values (Paolone, 2020).

Cash equivalents in a company held for the short term commitments rather investment purpose. A debt investment in securities also classified as cash equivalents when it is based on short term maturity.

Bank Overdrafts

Bank borrowings generally classified as financial activities. But bank overdrafts repayable on demand are included in cash flow management as it encompasses both components of cash and cash equivalents.

According to online assignment help experts, cash flow are categorized into three activities

Cash flow originDescription
Operating ActivitiesA principle revenue company generated including transaction of events determines net income
Investing activitiesThese activities are related to capital expenditure, intercorporate investments and acquisitions
Financial ActivitiesIt is related to transactions changing capital structure(Sayari & Mugan,2013

Nature Of Cash Flow From Investing Activities

Investing activities are referred to as long term assets and other investments but not cash equivalents.

Cash flow from investment represents the extent via expenditure have been made for the resources and used to generate future income and net profits.

As defined by accounting assignment helper, cash flow from investing activities are-

  • Cash payment to gain fixed assets
  • Cash receipt from fixed assets and sales a
  • Cash payment to get an equity
  • Cash receipts from future contracts and swap contracts except cash arises from the trading purpose

Nature Of Cash From Financial Activities

Financial activities are those activities that are resulted from a change in size and composition attributing borrowing and equity of the firm.

Its separation expansion helps the company in claiming future cash from the providers.

An example financial activities are-

  • Cash proceeding from shares issuing or other equity
  • Cash payment to the owners 
  • Cash proceeding to issues loans, notes, bonds and mortgages
  • Cash repayment of the amount borrowed
  • Cash payments by a lessee

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Conclusion

The article started with defining cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents. On that note, it can be deduced a cash flow statements used in conjunctions with financial statements for evaluating change in net financial assets. On the other side, cash equivalents are short term and highly liquid investment which are ready to be converted into assets. In the next section, we have determined the cash flow nature of operating, financial and investing activities. Each one plays a distinct role and suggested information. For instance, Cash flow from investment activities represent the extent via expenditure has been made or cash flow from financial activities helps the company in claiming future cash from the providers.

References

Bradbury, M. (2011). Direct or indirect cash flow statements?. Australian Accounting Review, 21(2), 124-130.

Kousenidis, D. V. (2006). A free cash flow version of the cash flow statement: a note. Managerial finance, 32(8), 645-653.

Paolone, F. (2020). Concluding Remarks: The Importance of Cash Flow Statement. In Accounting, Cash Flow and Value Relevance (pp. 69-81). Springer, Cham.

Sayari, N., & Mugan, F. N. C. S. (2013). Cash flow statement as an evidence for financial distress. Universal Journal of Accounting and Finance, 1(3), 95-103.

Subramanyam, K. R. (2014). Financial statement analysis. McGraw Hill Education.

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