In the simplest terms, behavior can be defined as the kind of actions or mannerisms which are displayed by different organisms, individuals, artificial entities, or even different systems in response to the different stimuli which might be present in the environment. These stimuli which are present in the environment can include a number of physical objects, other systems, or even other organisms. It is important for an individual to remember that there are many psychologists who believe that behavior can either be conscious or subconscious, voluntary or involuntary or even over or covert.
There is also a specific school of thought in psychology under which it is believed that the focus of the study of psychology should be on what is observable i.e., the behavior of an organism. This school of thought is known as behaviorism. Before learning about the possible environmental influence on behavior psychology, it is important to learn about this school of thought.
As it was mentioned above, behavior can be defined as the kind of action, reaction, or mannerism that an individual, organism, system, or artificial entity displays. Behavior can either be conscious or unconscious, overt or covert, or voluntary and involuntary. A lot of importance has been shed on the topic of behavior by a particular school of thought of psychology. Behavior psychology or behaviorism and it provides individuals with a theory of learning. This theory of learning is based on the basic idea that all behaviors which individual displays are acquired through conditioning. Conditioning can occur through the kind of interactions that an individual has with the environment.
Further, when an individual continues to respond to different stimuli that are present in the environment then he or she is shaping his or her actions. According to behavior psychology, the study of behavior should be the primary consideration of psychology and the focus of psychology should stay away from certain topics like emotions, moods, and cognitions. The reason behind this is that psychology should aim to become more objective and scientific in nature. And since, topics such as cognitions, emotions, and moods cannot be studied objectively in a laboratory. Hence, they should completely be avoided when it comes to studying psychology.
It is important for an individual to know that this is a difficult field of study. Because of this, students might find themselves under a lot of stress. To get rid of this stress, students should hire online assignment help from a cheap assignment writer. It is vital that a student must only hire the best quality instant assignment help to ensure that he or she is able to get the best marks or grades possible.
Looking At What Is Behavior Psychology
Behavior psychology or behaviorism and it is one of the most popular theories of learning. According to a behavior psychologists, learning takes place through conditioning. This school of thought was first established by John B. Watson in 1913 with the publication of his paper titled ‘Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It’. This is also the main reason why John B Watson considered the father of behavioral psychology. From the 1920s till the 1950s, behaviorism grew to become one of the most prominent forces or schools of thought in psychology. During that time, many strict behaviorists believed that all behavior is a result of the kind of experiences or learning which an individual goes through his or her life. Eventually, this popularity of this school of thought subsided to make away for humanism. According to behaviorism, there are two types of conditioning discuss below.
Classical conditioning used in behavioral training by experts. In this type of conditioning, a neutral stimulus paired with a naturally occurring stimulus to get a similar type of desired response. The best way to understand this is through the example of the dog experiment. During this experiment, the researcher provided the dog with the food. After viewing the food, the dog would salivate which is the normal response. Later, the researcher started to ring a bell and then offer the food to the dog. Eventually, the researcher observed that the dog has started to salivate when the bell rang.
In this type of conditioning, an individual can learn with the help of different reinforcements and punishments. These consequences of the behavior associated with the behavior because of which the learning takes place. Many students often decide to write assignments on these topics. If you are also planning that but you don’t have the time then it is important to get assignment help from the best assignment writer.
What Are The Environmental Factors That Influence Behavior?
As it was mentioned above, there are many types of behaviors that one can learn through the environment. And according to experts, there are different environmental factors that facilitate that kind of learning. And some of those environmental factors which influence behavior discussed below.
When it comes to understanding environmental factors that influence behavior then, the primary factor is the kind of influence that parents or guardian figures generate. A child spends a lot of time with his or her parents or guardian figure.
Apart from the parental figures, another thing that could influence the behavior of an individual is the kind of friends or peers which that individual has. For example, it is commonly observed that teenagers tend to be significantly affected by the kind of group of friends one has. People also tend to band closer to people whom they have more things in common with. However, this might not always be the case.
The culture in which individual lives and growth tend to play a major role or part in the kind of behavior which one exhibits. For example, there are certain behavioral patterns or responses which are more common in certain cultural groups than others.
This is currently the age of science and technology. And one thing which the world of technology has done is made sharing extremely easy. This goes both ways. Now, media outlets can easily target their audience without a lot of effort. And these media outlets can easily influence the behavior of its audiences.
School is the second place in which an individual spends the most part of his or her childhood after his or her home. Hence, the school environment can also influence the kind of behavior which one exhibits. Ideally, schools should foster a competitive and hardworking behavior within a student.
The behavior defined as the kind of response which an individual gives to some stimuli from the environment. According to behaviorism, psychology as a field of study should focus more on the behavior which an individual display than anything else. This would make the study of psychology more scientific and objective. There are also different environmental factors that influence behavior. Some of those environmental factors include media influences, school environment, cultural influence, peer and parental influences.